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Table 2 Health insurance status and socio-demographic characteristics of the study population

From: Impact of health insurance status among migrants from sub-Saharan Africa on access to health care and HIV testing in Germany: a participatory cross-sectional survey

Insurance status Health insurance card Medical treatment voucher No health insurance I do not know p-value
Age group n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
18–25 years 224 (67.3%) 63 (18.9%) 34 (10.2%) 12 (3.6%) p < 0.001
26–35 years 490 (79.8%) 82 (13.4%) 35 (5.7%) 7 (1.1%)
36–45 years 392 (89.3%) 21 (4.8%) 21 (4.8%) 5 (1.1%)
≥ 46 years 336 (93.9%) 4 (1.1%) 16 (4.5%) 2 (0.6%)
Level of education
 Primary/ Secondary School 328 (70.1%) 87 (18.6%) 40 (8.5%) 13 (2.8%) p < 0.001
 High School/ Vocational School 541 (87.4%) 52 (8.4%) 21 (3.4%) 5 (0.8%)
 University/ College 587 (90.7%) 11 (1.7%) 44 (6.8%) 5 (0.8%)
 No certificate 93 (73.8%) 22 (17.5%) 8 (6.3%) 3 (2.4%)
 Other 11 (64.7%) 4 (23.5%) 1 (5.9%) 1 (5.9%)
Level of German language
 Mother tongue 49 (95.1%) 1 (2.4%) 1 (2.4%) 0 (0.0%) p < 0.001
 Very good 421 (96.6%) 4 (0.9%) 10 (2.3%) 1 (0.2%)
 Good 468 (94.9%) 14 (2.8%) 8 (1.6%) 3 (0.6%)
 Satisfactory 358 (86.7%) 38 (9.2%) 13 (3.1%) 4 (1.0%)
 Little 228 (66.3%) 72 (20.9%) 37 (10.8%) 7 (2.0%)
 None 43 (28.9%) 50 (33.6%) 44 (29.5%) 12 (8.1%)
Religion
 Christians 1113 (85.0%) 108 (8.2%) 77 (5.9%) 12 (0.9%) p = 0.001
 Muslim 344 (77.0%) 58 (13.0%) 33 (7.4%) 12 (2.7%)
 No or other religion 97 (85.1%) 10 (8.8%) 4 (3.5%) 3 (2.6%)
Monthly NET income
 I do not want to answer 305 (84.5%) 23 (6.4%) 27 (7.5%) 6 (1.7%) p < 0.001
 < 500€ 161 (66.0%) 64 (26.2%) 14 (5.7%) 5 (2.0%)
 500 – <  1000 € 333 (95.1%) 9 (2.6%) 7 (2.0%) 1 (0.3%)
 1000 – <  2000 € 433 (98.2%) 3 (0.7%) 4 (0.9%) 1 (0.2%)
 ≥ 2000 € 111 (94.9%) 2 (1.7%) 4 (3.4%) 0 (0.0%)
 No income 157 (58.1%) 52 (19.3%) 50 (18.5%) 11 (4.1%)
Region of birth
 Western Africa 815 (80.5%) 109 (10.8%) 69 (6.8%) 20 (2.0%) p = 0.051
 Central Africa 389 (86.3%) 39 (8.6%) 22 (4.9%) 1 (0.2%)
 Eastern Africa 209 (83.9%) 24 (9.6%) 10 (4.0%) 6 (2.4%)
 Southern Africa 94 (90.4%) 4 (3.8%) 6 (5.8%) 0 (0.0%)