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Table 4 Multivariate analysis on health insurance status (including factors significantly associated with health insurance status in univariate analysis)

From: Impact of health insurance status among migrants from sub-Saharan Africa on access to health care and HIV testing in Germany: a participatory cross-sectional survey

Variable Model A: HIC (1) vs. MTV (0) Model B: HIC (1) vs. NI (0)
aOR 95% - CI p-value aOR 95% - CI p-value
Sex
 Men Ref.    Ref.   
 Women 1.55 0.96–2.51 0.075 1.63 0.92–2.89 0.092
Age group
 18–25 years 1.44 0.81–2.55 0.215 1.41 0.68–2.93 0.361
 26–35 years Ref.    Ref.   
 36–45 years 1.44 0.69–3.01 0.333 0.62 0.30–1.28 0.194
 ≥ 46 years 3.93 1.14–13.57 0.300 0.49 0.19–1.22 0.126
Length of stay in Germany
 ≤ 1 year 0.10 0.03–0.29 < 0.001 0.19 0.07–0.51 0.001
 1 - < 5 years 0.19 0.08–0.49 0.001 0.69 0.29–1.64 0.405
 5 - < 10 years Ref.    Ref.   
 10 - < 20 years 0.96 0.25–3.72 0.957 3.82 1.10–13.22 0.035
 ≥ 20 years 0.50 0.11–2.39 0.388 4.04 0.89–18.34 0.105
German language skills
 None 0.12 0.04–0.32 < 0.001 0.12 0.04–0.34 < 0.001
 Little 0.19 0.08–0.44 < 0.001 0.30 0.12–0.76 0.011
 Satisfactory 0.37 0.16–0.87 0.022 1.24 0.41–3.76 0.700
 Good Ref.    Ref.   
 Very good 1.00 0.28–3.60 0.998 0.56 0.19–1.63 0.288
 Mother tongue 0.00 < 0.000 0.998 0.25 0.03–2.34 0.225
Religion
 Christian Ref.    Ref.   
 Muslim 1.22 0.69–2.16 0.497 1.25 0.64–2.47 0.517
 No or other religion 1.90 0.60–5.98 0.272 0.96 0.25–3.66 0.946
Education
 Other 0.55 0.10–2.99 0.491
 No degree or certificate 1.50 0.72–3.14 0.284 2.38 00.54 0.76–7.52 0.138
 Primary or secondary school Ref.    Ref.   
 High −/vocational school 1.39 0.79–2.42 0.252 2.45 1.10–5.47 0.028
 University degree 15.41 6.67–35.57 < 0.001 1.44 0.73–2.82 0.289
Monthly NET income
 I do not want to answer 0.49 0.20–1.20 0.119 0.32 0.12–0.83 0.019
 No income 0.25 0.11–0.58 0.001 0.23 0.09–0.58 0.002
 <  500 € 0.14 0.06–0.33 < 0.001 0.37 0.13–1.03 0.057
 500 € - < 1.000 € Ref.    Ref.   
 1.000 € - < 2.000 € 6.32 0.75–53.04 0.090 1.72 0.46–6.45 0.423
 ≥ 2.000 € 0.40 0.07–2.34 0.307 0.50 0.12–2.10 0.343
Region of birth
 Western Africa Ref.    Ref.   
 Central Africa 1.08 0.56–2.06 0.828 0.90 0.45–1.78 0.753
 Eastern Africa 0.74 0.35–1.57 0.430 1.62 0.66–4.02 0.295
 Southern Africa 0.98 0.27–3.56 0.972 1.09 0.33–3.57 0.885
  1. Significant results are marked bold