Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 6 Multivariate analysis on the last consultation of a physician or hospital (within one year = 1, over one year ago = 0), n = 1574

From: Impact of health insurance status among migrants from sub-Saharan Africa on access to health care and HIV testing in Germany: a participatory cross-sectional survey

Variable % Univariate Analysis Multivariate Analysis
  OR 95% - CI p-value aOR 95% - CI p-value
Sex
 Men 75.2% Ref.    Ref.   
 Women 84.9% 1.86 1.47–2.35 < 0.001 1.90 1.44–2.50 < 0.001
Age group
 18–25 years 76.3% 0.98 0.72–1.34 0.900 1.12 0.77–1.62 0.567
 26–35 years 76.7% Ref.    Ref.   
 36–45 years 82.1% 1.40 1.00–1.90 0.032 1.21 0.85–1.72 0.293
 ≥ 46 years 85.0% 1.72 1.22–2.43 0.002 1.87 1.17–2.99 0.009
Length of stay in Germany
 ≤ 1 year 69.7% 0.57 0.38–0.85 0.006 0.66 0.36–1.20 0.170
 1 - < 5 years 77.5% 0.85 0.61–1.18 0.340 0.92 0.61–1.38 0.681
 5 - < 10 years 80.2% Ref.    Ref.   
 10 - < 20 years 83.3% 1.23 0.86–1.75 0.251 1.08 0.72–1.64 0.707
 ≥ 20 years 83.8% 1.28 0.84–1.95 0.244 0.96 0.55–1.65 0.869
German language skills
 None 73.6% 0.72 0.47–1.10 0.127 1.76 0.91–3.42 0.096
 Little 76.9% 0.86 0.61–1.19 0.353 1.14 0.75–1.75 0.541
 Satisfactory 82.1% 1.18 0.85–1.65 0.323 1.46 0.99–2.15 0.058
 Good 79.6% Ref.    Ref.   
 Very good 80.8% 1.08 0.78–1.49 0.639 1.01 0.76–1.59 0.628
 Mother tongue 81.0% 1.09 0.49–2.43 0.829 1.02 0.42–2.48 0.973
Religion
 Christian 80.5% Ref.    Ref.   
 Muslim 79.2% 0.92 0.71–1.21 0.559 1.17 0.85–1.60 0.338
 No or other religion 73.9% 0.69 0.44–1.07 0.092 0.82 0.49–1.34 0.421
Education
 Other 76.5% 0.71 0.23–2.27 0.553 0.78 0.21–2.92 0.710
 No degree or certificate 74.6% 0.64 0.40–1.02 0.059 0.57 00.54 0.34–0.97 0.039
 Primary or secondary school 82.1% Ref.    Ref.   
 High −/vocational school 79.0% 0.82 0.61–1.11 0.200 0.78 0.54–1.11 0.167
 University degree 79.4% 0.84 0.62–1.16 0.255 0.85 0.59–1.24 0.399
Monthly NET income
 I do not want to answer 76.8% 0.86 0.60–1.22 0.396 1.09 0.73–1.63 0.675
 No income 75.6% 0.80 0.55–1.17 0.250 1.05 0.67–1.67 0.821
 <  500 € 78.0% 0.92 0.62–1.36 0.666 1.11 0.70–1.75 0.661
 500 € - < 1.000 € 79.4% Ref.    Ref.   
 1.000 € - < 2.000 € 82.0% 1.18 0.83–1.69 0.353 1.33 0.89–2.00 0.167
 ≥ 2.000 € 87.1% 1.74 0.96–3.18 0.067 1.89 0.98–3.65 0.059
Health insurance status
 Health insurance card 81.2% Ref.    Ref.   
 Medical treatment voucher 79.4% 0.90 0.61–1.32 0.578 1.03 0.62–1.71 0.905
 No insurance 60.5% 0.36 0.24–0.53 < 0.001 0.36 0.21–0.60 < 0.001
  1. Significant results are marked bold