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Table 7 Multivariate analysis on HIV test uptake (ever been tested = 1, not tested = 0), n = 1514

From: Impact of health insurance status among migrants from sub-Saharan Africa on access to health care and HIV testing in Germany: a participatory cross-sectional survey

Variable % Univariate Analysis Multivariate Analysis
  OR 95% - CI p-value aOR 95% - CI p-value
Sex
 Men 62.2% Ref.    Ref.   
 Women 70.4% 1.44 1.19–1.75 < 0.001 1.59 1.24–2.05 < 0.001
Age group
 18–25 years 42.1% 0.36 0.27–0.47 < 0.001 0.42 0.30–0.56 < 0.001
 26–35 years 67.0% Ref.    Ref.   
 36–45 years 77.8% 1.72 1.30–2.28 < 0.001 2.03 1.43–2.88 < 0.001
 ≥ 46 years 70.2% 1.16 0.87–1.53 0.308 1.85 1.21–2.82 0.005
Length of stay in Germany
 ≤ 1 year 55.7% 0.56 0.39–0.80 0.002 1.82 1.00–3.33 0.051
 1 - < 5 years 61.7% 0.72 0.54–0.95 0.021 1.05 0.71–1.55 0.808
 5 - < 10 years 69.3% Ref.    Ref.   
 10 - < 20 years 72.8% 1.19 0.88–1.61 0.267 0.84 0.57–1.24 0.381
 ≥ 20 years 66.2% 0.87 0.62–1.22 0.417 0.59 0.36–0.98 0.042
German language skills
 None 54.7% 0.66 0.46–0.96 0.029 0.98 0.53–1.82 0.951
 Little 61.7% 0.87 0.67–1.18 0.407 1.27 0.85–1.91 0.249
 Satisfactory 70.2% 1.29 0.98–1.71 0.073 1.42 1.00–2.01 0.050
 Good 64.5% Ref.    Ref.   
 Very good 70.2% 1.30 0.98–1.71 0.067 1.16 0.82–1.63 0.405
 Mother tongue 66.7% 1.10 0.56–2.14 0.783 1.67 0.70–3.99 0.247
Religion
 Christian 70.3% Ref.    Ref.   
 Muslim 52.2% 0.46 0.37–0.58 < 0.001 0.70 0.52–0.93 0.014
 No or other religion 72.2% 1.10 0.72–1.68 0.665 1.28 0.77–2.13 0.338
Education
 Other 58.8% 1.00 0.38–2.68 0.993 0.52 0.15–1.75 0.288
 No degree or certificate 43.9% 0.55 0.37–0.82 0.003 0.49 00.54 0.31–0.79 0.003
 Primary or secondary school 58.7% Ref.    Ref.   
 High −/vocational school 66.8% 1.42 1.10–1.82 0.006 1.44 1.05–1.97 0.025
 University degree 74.7% 2.07 1.61–2.68 < 0.001 1.81 1.29–2.54 0.001
Monthly NET income
 I do not want to answer 68.5% 1.10 0.80–1.51 0.559 1.38 0.95–2.01 0.096
 No income 49.4% 0.49 0.36–0.68 < 0.001 0.68 0.45–1.02 0.061
 <  500 € 63.5% 0.88 0.62–1.24 0.458 1.17 0.77–1.78 0.462
 500 € - < 1.000 € 66.5% Ref.    Ref.   
 1.000 € - < 2.000 € 72.1% 1.31 0.96–1.77 0.086 1.34 0.93–1.94 0.115
 ≥ 2.000 € 83.9% 2.63 1.52–4.57 < 0.001 2.17 1.16–4.10 0.016
Health insurance status
 Health insurance card 68.0% Ref.    Ref.   
 Medical treatment voucher 58.7% 0.67 0.49–0.92 0.012 1.11 0.70–1.78 0.655
 No insurance 52.7% 0.52 0.36–0.77 0.001 0.55 0.31–0.95 0.033
Region of birth
 Western Africa 60.4% Ref.    Ref.   
 Central Africa 72.2% 1.70 1.33–2.17 < 0.001 1.48 1.08–2.01 0.014
 Eastern Africa 73.7% 1.83 1.35–2.50 < 0.001 1.57 1.08–2.27 0.018
 Southern Africa 73.3% 1.79 1.14–2.84 0.011 1.28 0.75–2.17 0.371
 Administration mode
 Face-to-face 62.1% 0.65 0.53–0.79 < 0.001 0.71 0.55–0.91 0.008
 Self-administered 71.7% Ref.    Ref.   
 Telephone 59.9% 0.59 0.42–0.83 0.002 0.53 0.35–0.78 0.001
  1. Significant results are marked bold