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Table 3 Prevalences (%) in UASA with one or more diseases within the most common diagnosis categories

From: Health of Syrian unaccompanied asylum seeking adolescents (UASA) at first medical examination in Germany in comparison to UASA from other world regions

ICD-10 Chapters Total Gender Region/country of origin
F M p SSA other WA SYR SA NA O p
Infections a 48.6 55.3 46.7 .185 74.3 27 28 60.3 49 47.1 <.001
Diseases of the digestive system b 31.8 42.1 28.9 .029 57.1 19.1 17.7 33.3 29.8 35.3 <.001
Iron deficiency & nutritional diseases c 27.5 43.4 23 <.001 32.9 33.3 23.5 25.6 21.3 29.4 .597
Diseases of the respiratory system d 14.7 17.1 14.1 .510 14.3 17.5 16.2 16.7 10.6 5.9 .792
Diseases of the skin e 12.4 9.2 10 .838 18.6 12.7 7.4 15.4 8.5 5.9 .353
Injury, poisoning & external causes f 11.3 9.2 11.9 .520 10 11.1 13.2 12.8 10.6 0 .777
Mental and behavioural problems g 11 7.9 11.9 .330 11.4 9.5 10.3 9 14.9 17.7 .811
  1. Total (n = 345); F=Female UASA (n = 76); M = Male UASA (n = 270); SSA = sub-Saharan Africa (n = 70); other WA = West Asia without Syrian UASA (n = 63); SYR = Syrian (n = 68); SA = South Asia (n = 78); NA = North Africa (n = 47); O=Other Regions (n = 17)
  2. aInfections (ICD 10-I): see Table 4
  3. bDiseases of the digestive system (ICD 10-XI) comprising mostly gastritis (26.9%) & chronic hepatitis (3.2%)
  4. cIron deficiency & nutritional diseases (ICD 10-IV & ICD 10-III) comprising mostly iron deficiency (11.9%) &
  5. iron deficiency anaemia (11.3%)
  6. dDiseases of the respiratory system (ICD 10-X) comprising mostly virus infection of upper respiratory tract
  7. (5.8%) & tonsillitis (2.9%)
  8. eDiseases of the skin (ICD 10-XII) comprising mostly acne (3.8%) & dermatitis (not specified) (3.2%)
  9. fInjury, poisoning & external causes (ICD 10-XIX) comprising mostly contusion (3.2%) & fractures (1.5%)
  10. gMental and behavioural problems (ICD 10-V) comprising mostly PTSD (4.6%) & depression (2.9%)