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Table 1 Socio-demographics, social rights, human rights violations, and health care indicators among FSW. Brazil, 2016

From: Sex work stigma and non-disclosure to health care providers: data from a large RDS study among FSW in Brazil

Variables n Percentage (%) 95% CI
Socio-demographics
Age group
 18–29 2110 49.7 47.6–51.8
 30–39 1118 26.3 24.6–28.1
 40–49 650 15.3 13.9–16.8
 50+ 367 8.6 7.6–9.8
Educational level
 Incomplete elementary school 626 14.9 13.5–16.4
 Incomplete high school 1386 32.9 31.1–34.8
 Complete high school 1096 26.0 24.3–27.8
 Incomplete college or more 1104 26.2 24.5–28.0
Belonging to FSW NGO
 Yes 326 7.8 6.8–8.9
 No 3859 92.2 91.1–93.2
Human Rights violations
Required to give a percentage of their earnings to owner of the establishment
 Yes 524 12.5 11.1–13.9
 No 3681 87.5 86.1–88.9
Required to give a percentage of their earnings to a pimp
 Yes 175 4.2 3.4–5.0
 No 4026 95.8 95.0–96.6
Started sex work under 18 years old
 Yes 1628 38.7 36.7–40.7
 No 2580 61.3 59.3–63.3
The workplace required periodic HIV testing
 Yes 265 6.3 5.4–7.4
 No 3934 93.7 92.6–94.6
Health service utilization
Regular source of care
 Does not have one 1193 29.0 27.2–30.9
 Primary health care 2588 62.9 60.9–64.9
 Public specialized health care 101 2.5 1.9–3.2
 Private health care 230 5.6 4.8–6.5
Had Pap smear exam in
 Less than 1 year ago 1315 31.5 29.7–33.3
 1 to less 2 years ago 837 20.0 18.5–21.6
 2 to less than 3 years ago 454 10.9 9.6–12.3
 3 years or more ago 772 18.5 17.0–20.1
 Never 802 19.2 17.7–20.8
Had HIV testing in
 Less than 1 year ago 1642 39.3 37.4–41.2
 1 year or more ago 1592 38.1 36.2–40.0
 Never 946 22.6 21.0–24.3
Awareness of PEPa
 Yes 1299 31.1 29.3–33.3
 No 2880 68.9 67.0–70.7
Risk exposure in the past 6 months with PEP indicationb
 Yes 2079 49.6 47.6–51.5
 No 2116 50.4 48.5–52.4
PEP use among FSW exposed to risk
 Yes 172 8.3 6.8–10.0
 No 1907 91.7 90.0–93.2
  1. aPEP: post exposure prophylaxis
  2. b Condom broke, burst, slid at least once or was forced to have sex without a condom or the condom was removed during sex without permission at least once over the past 6 months