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Table 4 Indicators for the topic health status

From: Quality of health care for refugees – a systematic review

Source Donabedian framework Indicator
Home Office (2004) [12] Outcome Morbidity and mortality rates compared with the general population
OECD (2015) [11] Outcome Self-reported health status
Sphere (2007) [15] Outcome The crude mortality rate (CMR) is maintained at, or reduced to, less than double the baseline rate documented for the population prior to the disaster.
Sphere (2007) [15] Outcome The under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) is maintained at, or reduced to, less than double the baseline rate documented for the population prior to the disaster.
Sphere (2007) [15] Outcome Incidence of major communicable diseases relevant to the context are stable (not increasing).
Sphere (2007) [15] Outcome Case fatality rates (CFRs) are maintained below acceptable levels:
 - cholera – 1% or lower
 - Shigella dysentery – 1% or lower
 - typhoid – 1% or lower
 - meningococcal meningitis – varies, 5–15%
 - malaria – varies, aim for < 5% in severely ill malaria patients
 - measles – varies, 2–21% reported in conflict-affected settings, aim for < 5%
UNHCR (2006) [14] Outcome Infant Mortality Rate (< 1 year) (returnees and non-returnees)
UNHCR (2006) [14] Outcome Child Mortality Rate (<  5 years) (returnees and non-returnees)
UNHCR (2006) [14] Outcome Crude Mortality Rate (returnees and non-returnees)
UNHCR (2006) [14] Outcome Percentage of newborn children with low birth weight (<  2500 g.) (weighed within 72 h)
UNHCR (2006) [14] Outcome Crude Birth Rate (annual)