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Table 2 Appraisal of Qualitative Articles using the Modified Critical Appraisal Tool (MCAT). Theoretical appraisal was omitted from assessment as only 8 articles clearly stated their methodology and paradigm [20, 35, 38, 39, 42, 45, 50, 59].

From: A model explaining refugee experiences of the Australian healthcare system: a systematic review of refugee perceptions

Study Design Fundamentals Credibility Dependability Reporting Utility Overall Quality
Robards et al. 2019 [60] Qualitative Satisfied Satisfied Satisfied with reservations Satisfied with reservations Low utility High quality
Bellamy et al. 2017[28] Qualitative Satisfied Satisfied with reservations Satisfied with reservations Satisfied Moderate utility High quality
Owens et al. 2016[45] Qualitative Satisfied Satisfied Satisfied with reservations Satisfied Moderate utility High quality
McCann et al. 2016[38] Qualitative Satisfied Satisfied with reservations Satisfied Satisfied Mild utility High quality
Russo et al. 2015[50] Qualitative Satisfied Satisfied with reservations Satisfied Satisfied Mild utility High quality
Murray et al. 2010[39] Qualitative Satisfied with reservations Satisfied Satisfied Satisfied Moderate utility High quality
Liamputtong et al. 2006[35] Qualitative Satisfied Satisfied with reservations Satisfied with reservations Satisfied Low utility High quality
Samuel et al. 2017[20] Qualitative Satisfied Satisfied with reservations Satisfied with reservations Satisfied with reservations Moderate utility Acceptable quality
McBride et al. 2017[37] Mixed Methods Satisfied Satisfied with reservations Satisfied with reservations Limitations Mild utility Acceptable quality
Yelland et al. 2016[58] Qualitative Satisfied Satisfied with reservations Satisfied with reservations Limitations Low utility Acceptable quality
Cheng et al. 2015[18] Qualitative Satisfied with reservations Limitations Satisfied Satisfied with reservations Mild utility Acceptable quality
Nicol et al. 2014[41] Qualitative Satisfied Satisfied with reservations Satisfied with reservation Satisfied with reservations Moderate utility Acceptable quality
Riggs et al. 2012[47] Qualitative Satisfied Satisfied with reservations Satisfied with reservations Satisfied with reservations Moderate utility Acceptable quality
Carolan et al. 2010[29] Qualitative Satisfied Satisfied with reservations Severe Limitations Satisfied Moderate utility Acceptable quality
O’Callaghan et al. 2007[43] Qualitative Satisfied with reservations Limitations Satisfied Satisfied with reservations Mild utility Acceptable quality
Omeri, A et al. 2006[44] Qualitative Satisfied Satisfied with reservations Satisfied Limitations Mild utility Acceptable quality
Sievert et al. 2018[52] Mixed Methods Satisfied Limitations Limitations Limitations Moderate utility Low quality
Valibhoy, Szwarc, et al. 2017[19] Qualitative Satisfied Severe Limitations Severe Limitations Limitations Moderate utility Low quality
Valibhoy, Kaplan, et al. 2017[55] Qualitative Satisfied Severe Limitations Severe Limitations Satisfied with reservations Moderate utility Low quality
Riggs et al. 2017[49] Qualitative Satisfied Satisfied with reservations Limitations Limitations Mild utility Low quality
Riggs et al. 2016[48] Qualitative Satisfied Limitations Satisfied with reservations Satisfied with reservations Moderate utility Low quality
Riggs, Yelland, Szwarc et al. 2016[59] Qualitative Satisfied Limitations Limitations Satisfied with reservations Mild utility Low quality
McBride et al. 2016[36] Mixed methods Satisfied Limitations Satisfied with reservations Limitations Moderate utility Low quality
Kay et al. 2016[34] Qualitative Satisfied Limitations Severe Limitations Limitations Mild utility Low quality
Yelland et al. 2014[57] Qualitative Satisfied Limitations Limitations Satisfied with reservations Mild utility Low quality
Clark et al. 2014[31] Qualitative Satisfied Limitations Severe Limitations Limitations High utility Low quality
Stapleton et al. 2013[53] Mixed methods Satisfied Limitations Satisfied Limitations Mild utility Low quality
Phillips et al. 2013[46] Qualitative Limitations Severe Limitations Satisfied with reservations Severe Limitations Mild utility Low quality
Niner et al. 2013[42] Qualitative Limitations Severe Limitations Severe Limitations Limitations Moderate utility Low quality
Correa-Velez et al. 2012[32] Mixed methods Satisfied Limitations Limitations Satisfied with reservations Mild utility Low quality
Sheikh et al. 2011[51] Mixed methods Limitations Severe Limitations Severe Limitations Limitations Mild utility Low quality
Henderson et al. 2011[33] Qualitative Satisfied Limitations Satisfied with reservations Satisfied with reservations Mild utility Low quality
Sypek et al. 2008[54] Qualitative Satisfied Limitations Satisfied with reservations Severe Limitations High utility Low quality
Neale et al. 2007[40] Mixed Methods Satisfied with reservations Limitations Satisfied with reservations Limitations Low utility Low quality