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Table 4 Year fixed effect regression estimates of relationship between CRC adoption and child mortality and vaccination rates

From: Effects of the Convention on the Rights of the Child on child mortality and vaccination rates: a synthetic control analysis

Variables included in regression in year t (except as specified) Dependent variable in year t + 5
Infant mortality rate Under-5 mortality rate BCG vaccine rate DTP1 vaccine rate DTP3 vaccine rate MCV1 vaccine rate Polio3 vaccine rate
CRC adoption −1.15 −2.48 2.31 1.04 2.09 2.14 2.07
Ln (population) −0.85* −1.95* 0.96 0.96* 1.36* 1.50* 1.44*
Ln (GDP per capita) −0.25 − 1.49 4.07*** 2.00* 2.46+ 3.84** 2.91*
Trade as percent of GDP −0.00 − 0.00 −0.00 0.00 0.01 0.04 0.02
ODA as percent of GNI −0.15* −0.40* 0.21* 0.13 0.15 0.16* 0.14
Polity IV democracy index − 0.10 − 0.41 0.36+ 0.25+ 0.39+ 0.42* 0.42+
Polity IV durability 0.01 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.01
Civil war −0.18 −0.88 2.02 0.36 1.23 1.93 0.41
International war −1.56 −3.87 −3.80 − 1.08 0.76 0.88 0.56
Dependent variable 1.57*** 1.23*** 0.69*** 0.66*** 0.71*** 0.70*** 0.69***
Dependent variable in year t - 5 −0.60*** −0.29 − 0.03 0.08 0.12* 0.07 0.09
Country-years 607 607 515 554 554 553 554
R-squared .98 .97 .61 .64 .72 .67 .71
  1. Note. All regressions include year fixed effects and cluster-robust standard errors. 1990 ≤ t ≤ 1995
  2. + p < .10; * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001