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Table 8 Propensity score estimates of average treatment effect of CRC adoption on child mortality and vaccination rates

From: Effects of the Convention on the Rights of the Child on child mortality and vaccination rates: a synthetic control analysis

Dependent variable Average treatment effect estimated in:
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Infant mortality rate 10.54 10.62 10.67 10.69 10.68 10.65 10.59 10.64
Under-5 mortality rate 27.04 27.10 27.10 26.92 26.70 26.36 25.87 25.73
BCG vaccine rate −4.50 − 1.50 − 2.95 − 2.97 − 2.45 − 2.88 0.10 − 4.53
DTP1 vaccine rate 3.87 4.59 3.87 3.49 0.92 2.44 4.10 0.97
DTP3 vaccine rate 8.64 8.28 7.08 6.85 3.41 4.77 8.79 2.33
MCV1 vaccine rate 1.23 1.68 8.13 4.52 2.05 8.77 5.17 2.30
Polio3 vaccine rate 7.70 6.08 6.41 3.89 2.61 4.20 5.97 1.67
  1. Note. All analyses match countries that adopted the CRC in 1990 with countries that adopted the CRC after 1992, using nearest neighbour, propensity score matching on these variables measured in 1990 – ln (population), ln (GDP per capita), ODA as percent of GNI, Polity IV democracy index, and the relevant dependent variable – and on the relevant dependent variable measured in 1985. The treatment groups include 43 and 42 countries for the mortality and vaccination analyses, respectively. The control groups include 20 and 19 countries for those analyses, respectively