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Table 3 ORs and 95% CIs for having concerns about HIV services in SHI-registered hospitals/clinics: regression results

From: The patient voice: a survey of worries and anxieties during health system transition in HIV services in Vietnam

 Univariate modelMultivariate modela
(n = 1113)
OR (95% CI)p-valueOR (95% CI)p-value
Sex
 Male1.00< 0.0011.00< 0.01
 Female2.05 (1.45–2.89) 2.02 (1.33–3.08)d 
Age
 < 40 years old1.000.041.000.04
 ≥ 40 years old1.39 (1.02–1.90) 1.46 (1.02–2.08)d 
History of IDU
 No1.68 (1.19–2.37)< 0.011.05 (0.68–1.61)0.84
 Yes1.00 1.00 
Duration of receiving HIV services at NHTD
 < 5 years1.000.27  
 5–9 years1.22 (0.76–1.94)   
 ≥ 10 years1.58 (0.90–2.79)   
Marital status
 Married1.88 (1.19–2.95)0.011.56 (0.98–2.49)0.06
 Not married1.00 1.00 
Residence
 Hanoi1.000.60  
 Provinces around Hanoi1.07 (0.70–1.63)   
 Other provinces1.20 (0.84–1.71)   
Educational attainmentb
 Low0.72 (0.47–1.10)0.22  
 Middle0.74 (0.49–1.11)   
 High1.00   
Employment
 Not employed0.94 (0.62–1.43)0.84  
 Employed1.00   
 Retired1.24 (0.52–2.96)   
Individual incomec
 Low0.80 (0.47–1.35)0.70  
 Middle0.87 (0.55–1.38)   
 High1.00   
Disclosure of HIV status
 No1.000.35  
 Yes0.71 (0.35–1.44)   
Level of SHI-registered hospital/clinic
 National1.000.52  
 Provincial1.71 (0.67–4.37)   
 District1.34 (0.53–3.34)   
 Commune1.21 (0.47–3.08)   
 Unknown0.60 (0.05–6.79)   
  1. OR odds ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval, IDU injection drug use, NHTD National Hospital for Tropical Diseases, SHI social health insurance
  2. aVariables with p-values < 0.05 in the univariate analysis were used for adjustment
  3. bEducational attainment: low: never went to school, primary school, or junior high school; middle: high school; high: vocational school/college or university
  4. cIndividual income: low: < 1,500,000 VND; middle: 1,500,000–4,999,999 VND; high: ≥5,000,000 VND
  5. dBeing female (OR = 2.46, 95% CI: 1.56–3.88 vs. male) and age (≥40 years old) (OR = 1.58, 95% CI: 1.04–2.40 vs. < 40 years old) were associated with having concerns about receiving HIV services in SHI-registered hospitals/clinics (p-values < 0.001 and 0.03, respectively) in the multivariate model using stepwise selection method for all variables (inclusion and exclusion criteria = 0.2 for each)