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Table 1 Prevalence of disrespect and abuse during childbirth and maternity care in Sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis [20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47]

From: Disrespect and abuse of women during the process of childbirth at health facilities in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author Year of Pub. Country Study population Sample size Case Over all Pre. (%) Physical abuse (%) Non confidential (%) Detention (%) Abandonment (%) Quality
Asefa and Bekele [20] 2015 Ethiopia Laboring mothers 173 136 78.6 32.9 21.4 0.6 39.3 5
Anteneh et al. [21] 2018 Ethiopia Providers 54 14 25.9 25.9 34.5 18 13.2 5
Sheferaw et al. [22] 2017 Ethiopia Laboring mothers 240 87 36.0 9.0 17.0 NR 19.0 6
Wasihun B et al. [23] 2018 Ethiopia Community 410 275 67.1 57.6 11.0 NR 7.1 7
Wassihun and Zeleke [24] 2018 Ethiopia Laboring mothers 284 121 42.6 34.5 31.7 NR 32.4 6
Kathleen P et al. [25] 2018 Ethiopia Laboring mothers 204 43 21.1 0.5 13.7 0 2.5 6
Gebremichael et al. [26] 2018 Ethiopia Community 1125 248 22.0 0.8 0.8 3.8 6.0 8
Ukke et al. [27] 2019 Ethiopia Laboring mothers 281 278 98.9 29.5 17.1 NR 4.3 5
Mihret [28] 2019 Ethiopia Laboring mothers 409 307 75.1 46.9 32.3 NR 12.7 6
Bobo et al. [29] 2019 Ethiopia Laboring mothers 612 458 74.8 37.1 40.4 2.9 25.2 7
Siraj et al. [30] 2019 Ethiopia Laboring mothers 290 266 91.7 87.9 50 25.9 53.8 6
Bekele [31] 2020 Ethiopia Community 316 247 78.2 21.5 33.9 0.3 13.3 7
Abuya T et al. [32] 2015 Kenya Laboring mothers 641 129 20.1 4.2 8.5 8.1 14.3 7
Atai et al. [33] 2018 Kenya Laboring mothers 164 53 32 1 28 NR 22 5
Sando et al et al. [34] H 2014 Tanzania Laboring mothers 147 18 12.2 2.7 0.7 0.7 6.8 5
Sando et al et al. [34] N 2014 Tanzania Laboring mothers 1807 271 15.0 4.7 1.8 0.1 7.9 8
Kruk et al. [35] L 2014 Tanzania Laboring mothers 1779 343 19.28 2.9 4.39 0.17 8.53 9
Kruk et al. [35] C 2014 Tanzania Community 593 167 28.16 5.08 6.16 0.34 15.54 8
Kujawski S et al. [36] 2015 Tanzania Laboring mothers 1388 247 17.79 NR NR NR NR 9
Sando et al. [37] L 2016 Tanzania Laboring mothers 1914 278 14.5 5.0 2.0 0.2 8.0 5
Sando et al. [37] C 2016 Tanzania community 64 50 78.0 52.0 54.0 2.0 52.0 8
Kujawski SA et al. [38] 2017 Tanzania Laboring mothers 644 84 13.1 2.5 1.74 2.37 6.09 9
Freedman et al. [39] P 2018 Tanzania providers 232 162 69.8 13.79 10.78 5.17 18.1 6
Freedman et al. [39] L 2018 Tanzania Laboring mothers 232 23 9.91 0.86 1.29 1.29 3.45 6
Larson et al. [40] 2018 Tanzania Laboring mothers 2002 286 14.3 NR NR NR NR 5
Bishanga. et al. [41] 2019 Tanzania Community 732 535 73.1 4.6 32.9 30.9 16.7 7
Galle et al. [42] R 2019 Mozambique Laboring mothers 302 73 24 0 NR 0.3 7.3 5
Galle et al. [42] U 2019 Mozambique Laboring mothers 218 175 80 0 NR 0 34.9 5
Sethi et al. [43] 2017 Malawi Laboring mothers 2109 41 1.9 NR 0.2 58.2 10 8
Okafor et al. [44] 2015 Nigeria Community 446 437 98.0 35.7 26.0 22.0 29.1 7
Ijadunola et al. [45] 2019 Nigeria Laboring mothers 384 73 19.1 1.6 5.2 0.5 6 5
Moyer et al. [46] 2016 Ghana providers 853 614 72.0 NR NR 37.9 NR 6
Wesson et al. [47] 2018 Namibia Providers 281 88 31.0 30 NR NR NR 5
  1. H HIV positive, N HIV negative, P Health care providers, C Community, L Laboring mother, CS Cross-sectional study