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Health and human rights of marginalized populations

This section considers studies regarding the health and human rights of members of marginalized populations, including sexual and gender minorities, children, migrants, ethnic minorities, refugees, displaced people, commercial sex workers, injection drug users, and other marginalized populations.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Informal settlements are common throughout the developing world. In Peru, land occupations, commonly “invasions” in Spanish, are a means by which the extremely poor attempt to obtain access to land. Here, we e...

    Authors: Gwenyth O. Lee, Maribel Paredes Olortegui, Gabriela Salmón-Mulanovich, Pablo Peñataro Yori and Margaret Kosek

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:26

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Arab Americans have a high burden of diabetes and poor outcomes compared to the general U.S. population. Diabetes self-management (DSM) requires a partnership between patients and providers that fosters mutual...

    Authors: Heather Fritz, Rosanne DiZazzo-Miller, Elizabeth A. Bertran, Fredrick D. Pociask, Sandra Tarakji, Judith Arnetz, Catherine L. Lysack and Linda A. Jaber

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:22

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:24

  3. Content type: Research article

    Stigma and discrimination harm the wellbeing of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people and contribute to migration from contexts of sexual persecution and criminalization. Yet LGBT newcomers and ...

    Authors: Carmen H. Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Nakia Lee-Foon, Shannon Ryan and Hope Ramsay

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:18

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Although health is a right of all individuals without any distinction, the realisation of this right has remained very difficult for the marginalised populations of poor countries. Inequitable distribution of ...

    Authors: John Barugahare and Reidar K. Lie

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:15

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Achieving development outcomes requires the inclusion of marginalised populations that have the least opportunity to participate in and benefit from development. Slum dwellers often see little of the ‘urban ad...

    Authors: Martha Morrow, Greg Armstrong, Prarthna Dayal and Michelle Kermode

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:14

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Equitable access to health care is a challenge in many low-income countries. The most vulnerable segments of any population face increased challenges, as their vulnerability amplifies problems of the general p...

    Authors: Stine Hellum Braathen, Lifah Sanudi, Leslie Swartz, Thomas Jürgens, Hastings T Banda and Arne Henning Eide

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:12

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  7. Content type: Debate

    The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights states that the right to health is closely related to, and dependent upon, the realization of other human rights, including the right to food, water, educa...

    Authors: Bernadette Ann-Marie O’Hare, Delan Devakumar and Stephen Allen

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:11

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  8. Content type: Research article

    More than 14 % of Ugandan children are orphaned and many live in children’s homes. Ugandan authorities have targeted adolescent girls as a priority group for nutrition interventions as safeguarding nutritional...

    Authors: Line Erikstad Vogt, Byaruhanga Rukooko, Per Ole Iversen and Wenche Barth Eide

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:10

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Pre- and post-migration trauma due to forced migration may impact negatively on parents’ ability to care for their children. Little qualitative work has examined Somali-born refugees’ experiences. The aim of t...

    Authors: Fatumo Osman, Marie Klingberg-Allvin, Renée Flacking and Ulla-Karin Schön

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:7

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Relatively little research on the issue of child marriage has been conducted in European countries where the overall prevalence of child marriage is relatively low, but relatively high among marginalized ethni...

    Authors: David R. Hotchkiss, Deepali Godha, Anastasia J. Gage and Claudia Cappa

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:6

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Conflict and post-conflict communities in sub-Saharan Africa have a high under recognised problem of intimate partner violence (IPV). Part of the reason for this has been the limited data on IPV from conflict ...

    Authors: Eugene Kinyanda, Helen A Weiss, Margaret Mungherera, Patrick Onyango-Mangen, Emmanuel Ngabirano, Rehema Kajungu, Johnson Kagugube, Wilson Muhwezi, Julius Muron and Vikram Patel

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:5

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  12. Content type: Debate

    Early childhood development (ECD) is a critical period that continues to impact human health and productivity throughout the lifetime. Failing to provide policies and programs that support optimal developmenta...

    Authors: Agnes Binagwaho, Kirstin W. Scott and Sardis H. Harward

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:1

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Health is intertwined with human rights as is clearly reflected in the right to life. Promotion of health practices in the context of human rights can be accomplished if there is a better understanding of the ...

    Authors: Ronald Wesonga, Abraham Owino, Agnes Ssekiboobo, Leonard Atuhaire and Peter Jehopio

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2015 15:11

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Despite the instruments on the right to adequate food adopted by the United Nations, there exists limited information on how this right is perceived. Following a major 2010 landslide disaster in the Bududa dis...

    Authors: Peter M Rukundo, Per O Iversen, Bård A Andreassen, Arne Oshaug, Joyce Kikafunda and Byaruhanga Rukooko

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2015 15:9

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Gender norms have been challenged by unmarried rural women’s migration for employment to urban Sri Lankan Free Trade Zones (FTZ). Men are described as looking for sexual experiences among the women workers, wh...

    Authors: Malin Jordal, Kumudu Wijewardena, Ann Öhman, Birgitta Essén and Pia Olsson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2015 15:3

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The quality of care includes several aspects which may be influenced by social-economic status.

    Authors: Chiara de Waure, Stefania Bruno, Giuseppe Furia, Luca Di Sciullo, Serena Carovillano, Maria Lucia Specchia, Salvatore Geraci and Walter Ricciardi

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2015 15:2

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  17. Content type: Research article

    There are an estimated 35 million unregistered children in Indonesia. To understand ways to best leverage existing health system-related resources and ensure greater protective measures for these vulnerable ch...

    Authors: Michelle Jackson, Putu Duff, Santi Kusumanigrum and Lindsay Stark

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:306

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In spite of global decline in under-five mortality, the goal of achieving MDG 4 still remains largely unattained in low and middle income countries as the year 2015 closes-in. To accelerate the pace of mortali...

    Authors: Edmund Wedam Kanmiki, Ayaga A Bawah, Isaiah Agorinya, Fabian S Achana, John Koku Awoonor-williams, Abraham R Oduro, James F Phillips and James Akazili

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:24

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Rape of women and children is recognized as a health and human rights issue in Tanzania and internationally. Exploration of the prevailing perceptions in rural areas is needed in order to expand the understand...

    Authors: Muzdalifat Abeid, Projestine Muganyizi, Pia Olsson, Elisabeth Darj and Pia Axemo

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:23

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  20. Content type: Research article

    In the context of a generalized epidemic and criminalization of homosexuality, men who have sex with men (MSM) in Malawi have a disproportionate burden of HIV compared to other adults. Past research has docume...

    Authors: Andrea L Wirtz, Dunker Kamba, Vincent Jumbe, Gift Trapence, Rehana Gubin, Eric Umar, Susanne K Strömdahl, Chris Beyrer and Stefan D Baral

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:20

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  21. Content type: Research article

    An estimated 863 million people–a third of the world’s urban population–live in slums, yet there is little information on the disease burden in these settings, particularly regarding chronic preventable diseases.

    Authors: Kristen Heitzinger, Silvia M Montano, Stephen E Hawes, Jorge O Alarcón and Joseph R Zunt

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:19

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Myanmar/Burma has received increased development and humanitarian assistance since the election in November 2010. Monitoring the impact of foreign assistance and economic development on health and human rights...

    Authors: Parveen K Parmar, Jade Benjamin-Chung, Linda S Smith, Saw Nay Htoo, Sai Laeng, Aye Lwin, Mahn Mahn, Cynthia Maung, Daniel Reh, Eh Kalu Shwe Oo, Thomas Lee and Adam K Richards

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:15

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Sub-Saharan Africa is home to approximately 55 million orphaned children. The growing orphan crisis has overwhelmed many communities and has weakened the ability of extended families to meet traditional care-t...

    Authors: Lonnie Embleton, David Ayuku, Allan Kamanda, Lukoye Atwoli, Samuel Ayaya, Rachel Vreeman, Winstone Nyandiko, Peter Gisore, Julius Koech and Paula Braitstein

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:9

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The one-child policy introduced in China in 1979 has led to far-reaching changes in socio-demographic characteristics. Under this policy regime, each household has few children. This study aims to describe the...

    Authors: Jing Hua, Zhe Mu, Bright I Nwaru, Guixiong Gu, Wei Meng and Zhuochun Wu

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:8

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Development policymakers and child-care service providers are committed to improving the educational opportunities of the 153 million orphans worldwide. Nevertheless, the relationship between orphanhood and ed...

    Authors: Maya Escueta, Kathryn Whetten, Jan Ostermann and Karen O’Donnell

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:6

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Public stigma against family members of people with mental illness is a negative attitude by the public which blame family members for the mental illness of their relatives. Family stigma can result in self so...

    Authors: Eshetu Girma, Anne Maria Möller-Leimkühler, Norbert Müller, Sandra Dehning, Guenter Froeschl and Markos Tesfaye

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:2

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Gender-based violence against women, including intimate partner violence (IPV), is a pervasive health and human rights concern. However, relatively little intervention research has been conducted on how to red...

    Authors: Jhumka Gupta, Kathryn L Falb, Heidi Lehmann, Denise Kpebo, Ziming Xuan, Mazeda Hossain, Cathy Zimmerman, Charlotte Watts and Jeannie Annan

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:46

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  28. Content type: Research article

    In Morocco, the social and legal framework surrounding sexual and reproductive health has transformed greatly in the past decade, especially with the introduction of the new Family Law or Moudawana. Yet, despi...

    Authors: Alexia Sabbe, Halima Oulami, Wahiba Zekraoui, Halima Hikmat, Marleen Temmerman and Els Leye

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:43

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Some studies show orphanhood to be associated with increased sexual risk-taking while others have not established this relationship, but have found factors other than orphanhood as predictors of sexual risk be...

    Authors: Milka Juma, Jane Alaii, L Kay Bartholomew, Ian Askew and Bart Van den Born

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:32

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Millions of African children are having to grow up under harsh and adverse psychosocial conditions but it’s not fully understood how this negative psychosocial environment is affecting their mental health. Thi...

    Authors: Eugene Kinyanda, Ruth Kizza, Catherine Abbo, Sheila Ndyanabangi and Jonathan Levin

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:19

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have indicated that most immigrant women come from underdeveloped countries, and this can have negative effects on their lives, children’s adaptation to school, and medical care utilization. Howev...

    Authors: Yen-Ching Chen, Shu-Hui Wei, Kuo-Wei Yeh and Mei-Yen Chen

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:5

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