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  1. Although the extent of legal inequities experienced by sexual and gender minorities (SGM) has declined during recent decades, this population still enjoys fewer legal protections and benefits than the non-gend...

    Authors: Monica Malta, Reynaldo Cardoso, Luiz Montenegro, Jaqueline Gomes de Jesus, Michele Seixas, Bruna Benevides, Maria das Dores Silva, Sara LeGrand and Kathryn Whetten

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:31

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Research into the mistreatment of women during childbirth has increased over recent years. Overt violence is an important focus of research, but recently there has been increasing recognition that there are ot...

    Authors: Maura Lappeman and Leslie Swartz

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:30

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Violence against women has particular importance for women’s health and wellbeing in the Arab world, where women face persistent barriers to social, political and economic equality. This review aims to summari...

    Authors: Tatiana Elghossain, Sarah Bott, Chaza Akik and Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:29

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The aim of this study is threefold: (i) to establish the psychometric properties and gender invariance of ENRICHD Social Support Inventory (ESSI), which was used for the first time in the present study in the ...

    Authors: Maria Gottvall, Marjan Vaez and Fredrik Saboonchi

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:28

    Content type: Research article

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  5. In the context of global health, the work of nurses is of key importance, given their role as diplomats in global health and as fundamental forces in the construction of global partnerships. This study seeks t...

    Authors: Carla Aparecida Arena Ventura, Isabel Amelia Costa Mendes, Simone de Godoy, Laís Fumincelli, Mirella Castellano Souza and Valtuir Duarte Souza Junior

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:27

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a traditional harmful practice that has been prevalent in Egypt for many years. The medicalization of FGM/C has been increasing significantly in Egypt making it the...

    Authors: Omaima El-Gibaly, Mirette Aziz and Salma Abou Hussein

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:26

    Content type: Research article

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  7. While the determinants and impacts of child marriage among girls have been well documented, little research exists on the practice among boys. This paper explores the sociodemographic profile of men who marrie...

    Authors: Christina Misunas, Colleen Murray Gastón and Claudia Cappa

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:25

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Scholars have long been sceptical about the effectiveness of human rights treaties in changing the behaviour of states parties and prior empirical research has often justified that scepticism. However, only a ...

    Authors: Gary W. Reinbold

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:24

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Refugees have significant unmet health needs. Delivering services to refugees continues to be problematic in the Australian healthcare system. A systematic review and thematic synthesis of the literature explo...

    Authors: Michael Au, Athire Debbie Anandakumar, Robyn Preston, Robin A. Ray and Meg Davis

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:22

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Sexual violence is a global health problem. After ratifying the Convention of Istanbul in 2016, this Belgian study was set up to map the perspective of victims of rape on the current sexual violence care provi...

    Authors: Laura Peeters, Anke Vandenberghe, Bavo Hendriks, Christine Gilles, Kristien Roelens and Ines Keygnaert

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:21

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Children separated from their caregivers in humanitarian emergencies are vulnerable to multiple risks. However, no field-tested methods exist to capture ongoing changes in the frequency and nature of separatio...

    Authors: Matthew MacFarlane, Beth L. Rubenstein, Terry Saw, Daniel Mekonnen, Craig Spencer and Lindsay Stark

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:19

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Treatment and special protection of the rights of incarcerated young people in prisons are mandated under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), as well as under United Nations (UN) human rights instruments.

    Authors: Marie-Claire Van Hout and Rosemary Mhlanga-Gunda

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:17

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Armed conflict erupted in eastern Ukraine in 2014 and still continues. This conflict has resulted in an intensification of poverty, displacement and migration, and has weakened the local health system. Ukraine...

    Authors: Marissa Becker, Olga Balakireva, Daria Pavlova, Shajy Isac, Eve Cheuk, Elizabeth Roberts, Evelyn Forget, Huiting Ma, Lisa Lazarus, Paul Sandstrom, James Blanchard, Sharmistha Mishra, Rob Lorway and Michael Pickles

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:16

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Refugees are one of the most vulnerable groups in our society. They are at risk of poor physical and mental health outcomes, much of this attributed to traumatic events prior to migration and the additional ri...

    Authors: Alison Dowling, Joanne Enticott, Marina Kunin and Grant Russell

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:15

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. In 1948 the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was drawn up. The content of this document was further reflected two treaties, the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the Covenant on Economic, Social...

    Authors: Priscila Neves-Silva, Giselle Isabele Martins and Léo Heller

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:14

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In recent times, sub-Saharan African (SSA) prisons have seen a substantial increase in women prisoners, including those incarcerated with children.

    Authors: Marie-Claire Van Hout and Rosemary Mhlanga-Gunda

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:13

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease endemic in Bolivia that disproportionately affects people with little social and political capital. Although the treatment is provided free of charge by the Bolivi...

    Authors: Daniel Eid, Miguel San Sebastian, Anna-Karin Hurtig and Isabel Goicolea

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:12

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In Cote D’Ivoire, there has been limited coverage of evidence-based sexual health services specifically supporting men who have sex with men (MSM). To date, there has been limited study of the determinants of ...

    Authors: Mark B. Ulanja, Carrie Lyons, Sosthenes Ketende, Shauna Stahlman, Daouda Diouf, Abo Kouamé, Rebecca Ezouatchi, Amara Bamba, Fatou Drame, Ben Liestman and Stefan Baral

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:11

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Among all newly diagnosed HIV cases in Germany in 2015, 16% originated from sub-Saharan Africa. Twelve percent of these infections were contracted within Germany and migrants from sub-Saharan Africa (misSA) ar...

    Authors: Johanna Müllerschön, Carmen Koschollek, Claudia Santos-Hövener, Anna Kuehne, Jacqueline Müller-Nordhorn and Viviane Bremer

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:10

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Female sex workers, MSM, and transgender women—collectively referred to as key populations (KPs)—are disproportionately affected by gender-based violence (GBV) and HIV, yet little is known about the violence t...

    Authors: Emily Evens, Michele Lanham, Karin Santi, Juana Cooke, Kathleen Ridgeway, Giuliana Morales, Caleb Parker, Claire Brennan, Marjan de Bruin, Pavel Chladni Desrosiers, Xenia Diaz, Marta Drago, Roger McLean, Modesto Mendizabal, Dirk Davis, Rebecca B. Hershow…

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:9

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Stigma in health services may be detrimental to health seeking attitudes and practices. This study investigates non-disclosure of sex work to health care providers among female sex workers (FSW) in Brazil and ...

    Authors: Inês Dourado, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães, Giseli Nogueira Damacena, Laio Magno, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza Júnior and Celia Landmann Szwarcwald

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:8

    Content type: Research article

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  22. There have been several barriers in effectively engaging men who have sex with men for STI/HIV prevention and treatment programming in Nigeria including social stigma, policies, and laws criminalizing same-sex...

    Authors: Susanne Strömdahl, Abimbola Onigbanjo Williams, Bede Eziefule, Godwin Emmanuel, Stella Iwuagwu, Oliver Anene, Ifeanyi Orazulike, Chris Beyrer and Stefan Baral

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:7

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In 1988, Brazil established a constitutional right to health and universal access to health care for all Brazilians through the creation of the Unified Health System (SUS). As part of its efforts to fulfill th...

    Authors: Mariana V. Gattegno, Maria A. F. Vertamatti, Robert A. Bednarczyk and Dabney P. Evans

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:6

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The war in Syria has led to the biggest refugee crisis of our time. Unaccompanied asylum seeking adolescents (UASA) are a particularly vulnerable subgroup of refugees. This study aims to describe the weight st...

    Authors: Annika Laukamp, Luise Prüfer-Krämer, Florian Fischer and Alexander Krämer

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:5

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In recent decades, many workers from rural areas in China migrated to urban cities in search of a better livelihood. Due to the household registration policy and other financial barriers, more than 40 million ...

    Authors: Daisheng Tang, Weng I. Choi, Liyuan Deng, Ying Bian and Hao Hu

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:4

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In 2010, a shelter programme was established in the Netherlands to provide social and health services for trafficked people. This article describes how service users in this programme conceptualized and experi...

    Authors: Roderik F. Viergever, Nicki Thorogood, Tamara van Driel, Judith RLM Wolf and Mary Alison Durand

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:3

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The ready-made garment industry in Bangladesh not only contributes to the nation’s economic development, but has created income opportunities for women, benefiting their whole family. However, these benefits c...

    Authors: Sadika Akhter, Shannon Rutherford and Cordia Chu

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:2

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Violence against women is a major human rights and public health issue globally. The experience of violence affects women across Australia, including the large number of migrant and refugee women who permanent...

    Authors: Cathy Vaughan, Yara Jarallah, Adele Murdolo, Linda Murray, Regina Quiazon, Karen Block and Lana Zannettino

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2019 19:1

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Texts and interpretations on the lawfulness of abortion and associated administrative requirements can be vague and confusing. It can also be difficult for a woman or provider to know exactly where to look for...

    Authors: Antonella F. Lavelanet, Stephanie Schlitt, Brooke Ronald Johnson Jr and Bela Ganatra

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:44

    Content type: Research article

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  30. There are various harmful traditional practices and beliefs across the different parts of Ethiopia. Shilshalo, which is yet little known about, is one of these practices existing in Argoba, a community in Amhara ...

    Authors: Yohannes Mersha Belete and Negesse Kebede Atlaw

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:42

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Words matter when describing people involved in the criminal justice system because language can have a significant impact upon health, wellbeing, and access to health information and services. However, termin...

    Authors: Nguyen Toan Tran, Stéphanie Baggio, Angela Dawson, Éamonn O’Moore, Brie Williams, Precious Bedell, Olivier Simon, Willem Scholten, Laurent Getaz and Hans Wolff

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:41

    Content type: Debate

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  32. Determinants of newborn health and survival exist across the reproductive life cycle, with many sociocultural and contextual factors influencing outcomes beyond the availability of, and access to, quality heal...

    Authors: Stephanie Gee, Josep Vargas and Angel M. Foster

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:40

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Smaller groups of victims of violence, abuse, neglect or exploitation – such as male victims of intimate partner violence (IPV), victims of elder abuse, victims of abuse by carers, victims of parent abuse, vic...

    Authors: Roderik F Viergever, Nicki Thorogood, Judith RLM Wolf and Mary Alison Durand

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:39

    Content type: Debate

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  34. Empirically assessing the needs of refugees in camps is critical to the improvement of existing policies and programs that aim at enhancing their well-being. By neglecting the needs of refugees, interventions ...

    Authors: Idrissa Beogo, Amadou Darboe, A. Oluwafunmilade Adesanya and Bomar Mendez Rojas

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:38

    Content type: Research article

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  35. In Mozambique, the widow is traditionally required to undergo a cleansing ritual called pita-kufa, which generally involves several sessions of unprotected sexual intercourse with the brother of her deceased husb...

    Authors: Germano Vera Cruz, Aniceto Mateus and Priscilla S. Dlamini

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:37

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Mexican law permits syringe purchase and possession without prescription. Nonetheless, people who inject drugs (PWID) frequently report arrest for syringe possession. Extrajudicial arrests not only violate hum...

    Authors: Mario Morales, Claudia Rafful, Tommi L. Gaines, Javier A. Cepeda, Daniela Abramovitz, Irina Artamonova, Pieter Baker, Erika Clairgue, Maria Luisa Mittal, Teresita Rocha-Jimenez, Jaime Arredondo, Thomas Kerr, Arnulfo Bañuelos, Steffanie A. Strathdee and Leo Beletsky

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:36

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The Global Abortion Policies Database (GAPD), launched in June 2017, provides a verifiable, comprehensive, nuanced approach to information and data sources on abortion law and policy. Abortion laws, policies, ...

    Authors: Brooke Ronald Johnson Jr, Antonella Francheska Lavelanet and Stephanie Schlitt

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:35

    Content type: Database

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  38. More than 17.000 Palestinians were injured during different Israeli military incursions on the Gaza Strip from 2006 to 2014. Many suffered traumatic extremity amputations. We describe the injuries, complicatio...

    Authors: Hanne Edøy Heszlein-Lossius, Yahya Al-Borno, Samar Shaqqoura, Nashwa Skaik, Lasse Melvaer Giil and Mads Gilbert

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:34

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Despite 20 years of democracy, South Africa still suffers from profound health inequalities. Gender roles and norms are associated with individuals’ vulnerability that lead to ill-health. For instance, gender ...

    Authors: Mayara Fontes Marx, Leslie London and Alex Müller

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:33

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In the original publication of this article [1] the background section contained an inaccurate mention of the amount of civilian deaths in the 2014 Gaza war. In this correction article the incorrect and correc...

    Authors: Marwan Mosleh, Koustuv Dalal, Yousef Aljeesh and Leif Svanström

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:32

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:28

  41. Sub Saharan African (SSA) prisons have seen a substantial increase in women prisoners in recent years. Despite this increase, women prisoners constitute a minority in male dominated prison environments, and th...

    Authors: Marie Claire Van Hout and Rosemary Mhlanga-Gunda

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:31

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Approximately 18% of Sub-Saharan Africa’s urban population relies on shared sanitation facilities, which are shared by one or more households. While there is growing recognition of sanitation’s relationship wi...

    Authors: Tess Shiras, Oliver Cumming, Joe Brown, Bacelar Muneme, Rassul Nala and Robert Dreibelbis

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:30

    Content type: Research article

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  43. War-related injury is a major public health concern, and a leading cause of mortality, morbidity, and disability globally, particularly in low and middle-income countries such as Palestine. Little is known abo...

    Authors: Marwan Mosleh, Koustuv Dalal, Yousef Aljeesh and Leif Svanström

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:28

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:32

  44. Maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT) is still the major public health problem in about 25 countries, mainly in Africa and Asia. However, the utilization of intervention strategies, like tetanus toxoid (TT) immu...

    Authors: Meseret Delesa Anatea, Tesfaye Hambisa Mekonnen and Berihun Assefa Dachew

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:27

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Equitable access to health services is a key ingredient in reaching health for persons with disabilities and other vulnerable groups. So far, research on access to health services in low- and middle-income cou...

    Authors: Arne H. Eide, Karin Dyrstad, Alister Munthali, Gert Van Rooy, Stine H. Braathen, Thomas Halvorsen, Frans Persendt, Peter Mvula and Jan Ketil Rød

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:26

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on: