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  1. Content type: Research article

    The one-child policy introduced in China in 1979 has led to far-reaching changes in socio-demographic characteristics. Under this policy regime, each household has few children. This study aims to describe the...

    Authors: Jing Hua, Zhe Mu, Bright I Nwaru, Guixiong Gu, Wei Meng and Zhuochun Wu

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:8

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In India, approximately 49,000 women living with HIV become pregnant and deliver each year. While the government of India has made progress increasing the availability of prevention of mother-to-child transmis...

    Authors: Purnima Madhivanan, Karl Krupp, Vinay Kulkarni, Sanjeevani Kulkarni, Neha Vaidya, Reshma Shaheen, Sean Philpott and Celia Fisher

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:7

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Development policymakers and child-care service providers are committed to improving the educational opportunities of the 153 million orphans worldwide. Nevertheless, the relationship between orphanhood and ed...

    Authors: Maya Escueta, Kathryn Whetten, Jan Ostermann and Karen O’Donnell

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:6

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Inequality in health services access and utilization are influenced by out-of-pocket health expenditures in many low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Various antecedents such as social factors, poor health...

    Authors: Ethel Mary Brinda, Rodriguez Antonio Andrés and Ulrika Enemark

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:5

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:18

  5. Content type: Research article

    The global response to HIV suggests the potential of an emergent global right to health norm, embracing shared global responsibility for health, to assist policy communities in framing the obligations of the d...

    Authors: Rachel Hammonds and Gorik Ooms

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:4

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  6. Content type: Correspondence

    The present Millennium Development Goals are set to expire in 2015 and their next iteration is now being discussed within the international community. With regards to health, the World Health Organization prop...

    Authors: Gorik Ooms, Laila A Latif, Attiya Waris, Claire E Brolan, Rachel Hammonds, Eric A Friedman, Moses Mulumba and Lisa Forman

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:3

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Public stigma against family members of people with mental illness is a negative attitude by the public which blame family members for the mental illness of their relatives. Family stigma can result in self so...

    Authors: Eshetu Girma, Anne Maria Möller-Leimkühler, Norbert Müller, Sandra Dehning, Guenter Froeschl and Markos Tesfaye

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:2

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  8. Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

    The editors of BMC International Health and Human Rights would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed their time to the journal in Volume 13 (2013).

    Authors: Irene Pala

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:1

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Skilled birth attendants (SBAs) provide important interventions that improve maternal and neonatal health and reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. However, utilization and coverage of services by SBAs remai...

    Authors: Bishnu Choulagai, Sharad Onta, Narayan Subedi, Suresh Mehata, Gajananda P Bhandari, Amod Poudyal, Binjwala Shrestha, Matthews Mathai, Max Petzold and Alexandra Krettek

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:49

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  10. Content type: Debate

    Global health institutions increasingly recognize that the right to health should guide the formulation of replacement goals for the Millennium Development Goals, which expire in 2015. However, the right to he...

    Authors: Lisa Forman, Gorik Ooms, Audrey Chapman, Eric Friedman, Attiya Waris, Everaldo Lamprea and Moses Mulumba

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:48

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The effects of malnutrition on health status and survival of children has been the subject of extensive research for several decades. Malnutrition affects physical growth, cognitive development of children, mo...

    Authors: Allan R Were, Felix N Kioli, Kennedy Onkware, Elizabeth O Onyango, Sussy Gumo and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:47

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Gender-based violence against women, including intimate partner violence (IPV), is a pervasive health and human rights concern. However, relatively little intervention research has been conducted on how to red...

    Authors: Jhumka Gupta, Kathryn L Falb, Heidi Lehmann, Denise Kpebo, Ziming Xuan, Mazeda Hossain, Cathy Zimmerman, Charlotte Watts and Jeannie Annan

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:46

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  13. Content type: Research article

    In a context of inadequate human resources for health, this study investigated whether traditional healers have the knowledge and skill base which could be utilised to assist in the scaling up of HIV preventio...

    Authors: Gavin George, Ethel Chitindingu and Jeff Gow

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:45

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Recent trials in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan have shown that chlorhexidine is an effective antiseptic for umbilical cord care compared to existing community-based cord care practices. Because of the aggreg...

    Authors: Patricia S Coffey, Mutsumi Metzler, Ziaul Islam and Tracey P Koehlmoos

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:44

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In Morocco, the social and legal framework surrounding sexual and reproductive health has transformed greatly in the past decade, especially with the introduction of the new Family Law or Moudawana. Yet, despi...

    Authors: Alexia Sabbe, Halima Oulami, Wahiba Zekraoui, Halima Hikmat, Marleen Temmerman and Els Leye

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:43

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Tribal people in India, as in other parts of the world, reside mostly in forests and/or hilly terrains. Water scarcity and health problems related to it are their prime concern. Watershed management can contri...

    Authors: Sandeep S Nerkar, Ashok J Tamhankar, Eva Johansson and Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:42

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Under the National Rural Health Mission, the current emphasis is on achieving universal institutional births through incentive schemes as part of reforms related to childbirth in India. There has been rapid pr...

    Authors: Bharati Sharma, Gayatri Giri, Kyllike Christensson, Ramani KV and Eva Johansson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:41

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Adolescents and parents’ differ in their perceptions regarding engaging in sexual activity and protecting themselves from pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The views of adolescents and pare...

    Authors: Emmanuel Asampong, Joseph Osafo, Jeffrey Bart Bingenheimer and Clement Ahiadeke

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:40

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has focused its attention on appraising health development assistance projects and redirecting efforts towards health system strengthening. This study aimed to...

    Authors: Motoyuki Yuasa, Yoshie Yamaguchi and Mihoko Imada

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:39

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  20. Content type: Erratum

    Authors: Natalie Willis, Sophie Hill, Jessica Kaufman, Simon Lewin, John Kis-Rigo, Sara Bensaude De Castro Freire, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Claire Glenton, Vivian Lin, Priscilla Robinson and Charles S Wiysonge

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:37

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    The original article was published in BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:23

  21. Content type: Research article

    Myths and misconceptions about TB can serve as a barrier to efforts at reducing stigmatisation of people infected and affected by the disease. Understanding such drivers of myths and misconceptions is importan...

    Authors: Joshua Amo-Adjei and Akwasi Kumi-Kyereme

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:38

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The benefits of maternal health care to maternal and neonatal health outcomes have been well documented. Antenatal care attendance, institutional delivery and skilled attendance at delivery all help to improve...

    Authors: Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Mesganaw Fantahun Afework and Michelle J Hindin

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:36

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Ghana’s National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS), established into law in 2003 and implemented in 2005 as a ‘pro-poor’ method of health financing, has made great progress in enrolling members of the general pop...

    Authors: Jenna Dixon, Eric Y Tenkorang and Isaac Luginaah

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:35

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Governance has been cited as a key determinant of economic growth, social advancement and overall development. Achievement of millennium development goals is partly dependant on governance practices. In 2007, ...

    Authors: Wilbroad Mutale, Margaret Tembo Mwanamwenge, Dina Balabanova, Neil Spicer and Helen Ayles

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:34

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a considerable public health problem. Less focus has been paid to the role of community level factors associated with CSA. The aim of this study was to examine the association betwe...

    Authors: Ismail Yahaya, Olalekan A Uthman, Joaquim Soares and Gloria Macassa

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:33

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Some studies show orphanhood to be associated with increased sexual risk-taking while others have not established this relationship, but have found factors other than orphanhood as predictors of sexual risk be...

    Authors: Milka Juma, Jane Alaii, L Kay Bartholomew, Ian Askew and Bart Van den Born

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:32

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  27. Content type: Research article

    In South Africa, it is illegal for adolescents under age 16 years to engage in any sexual behaviour whether kissing, petting, or penetrative sex, regardless of consent. This cross-sectional study investigated ...

    Authors: Aník Gevers, Cathy Mathews, Pam Cupp, Marcia Russell and Rachel Jewkes

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:31

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Immunization is one of the most effective ways of preventing illness, disability and death from infectious diseases for older people. However, worldwide immunization rates are still low, particularly for the m...

    Authors: Aarón Salinas-Rodríguez and Betty Soledad Manrique-Espinoza

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:30

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Uncertainty is regarded as a central dimension in the experience of illness and in the processes of alleviating it. Few studies from resource-poor settings have investigated this and how it interacts with othe...

    Authors: Helle M Alvesson, Magnus Lindelow, Bouasavanh Khanthaphat and Lucie Laflamme

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:28

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  30. Content type: Debate

    The failure to reduce preventable maternal deaths represents a violation of women’s right to life, health, non-discrimination and equality. Maternal deaths result from weaknesses in health systems: inadequate ...

    Authors: Farai D Madzimbamuto, Sunanda Ray and Keitshokile D Mogobe

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:27

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Studies that have looked at the effect of polio eradication efforts in India on routine immunization programs have provided mixed findings. One polio eradication project, funded by US Agency for International ...

    Authors: William M Weiss, Manojkumar Choudhary and Roma Solomon

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:25

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Sexual abuse of boys is a neglected problem in many developing countries including Ethiopia. As a result, its prevalence, contributing factors and circumstance in which sexual abuse occurs are largely unknown....

    Authors: Rahel Tesfaye Haile, Negussie Deyessa Kebeta and Getnet Mitike Kassie

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:24

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  33. Content type: Correspondence

    Vaccination is a cost-effective public health measure and is central to the Millennium Development Goal of reducing child mortality. However, childhood vaccination coverage remains sub-optimal in many settings...

    Authors: Natalie Willis, Sophie Hill, Jessica Kaufman, Simon Lewin, John Kis-Rigo, Sara Bensaude De Castro Freire, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Claire Glenton, Vivian Lin, Priscilla Robinson and Charles S Wiysonge

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:23

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:37

  34. Content type: Research article

    The measurement of condom use self-efficacy requires contextually suitable, valid and reliable instruments due to variability of the scale across nations with different cultural and ethnic backgrounds. This st...

    Authors: Debebe Shaweno and Emebet Tekletsadik

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:22

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The evaluation of all potential sources of low skilled maternal care utilization is crucial for Ethiopia. Previous studies have largely disregarded the contribution of different levels. This study was planned ...

    Authors: Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku, Alemayehu Worku Yalew and Mesganaw Fantahun Afework

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:20

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Millions of African children are having to grow up under harsh and adverse psychosocial conditions but it’s not fully understood how this negative psychosocial environment is affecting their mental health. Thi...

    Authors: Eugene Kinyanda, Ruth Kizza, Catherine Abbo, Sheila Ndyanabangi and Jonathan Levin

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:19

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The increasingly recognized need for reorganizing the primary health care services in Iraq calls for a comprehensive assessment of the system to better understand its problems and needs for development. As par...

    Authors: Nazar P Shabila, Namir G Al-Tawil, Tariq S Al-Hadithi and Egbert Sondorp

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:18

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  38. Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

    The editors of BMC International Health and Human Rights would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 12 (2012).

    Authors: Emily Crow

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:14

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  39. Content type: Research article

    This paper outlines stakeholder views on environmental barriers that prevent people who live with psychosocial disability from participating in mental health policy development in South Africa.

    Authors: Sharon Kleintjes, Crick Lund and Leslie Swartz

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:17

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Over the last fifty years, the number of centenarians has dramatically increased. The centenarian rate (CR) is representative of the general longevity prevalent in a nation; it indicates the number of individu...

    Authors: Jong In Kim

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:16

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:26

  41. Content type: Research article

    The utilization of medical care for gastrointestinal diseases increased over the past decade worldwide. The aim of the study was to investigate the difference between rural and urban patients in seeking medica...

    Authors: Yi-Hsuan Lin, Yen-Han Tseng, Yi-Chun Chen, Ming-Hwai Lin, Li-Fang Chou, Tzeng-Ji Chen and Shinn-Jang Hwang

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:15

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  42. Content type: Research article

    One approach to delivering healthcare in developing countries is through voucher programs, where vouchers are distributed to a specific population for free or subsidized health care. Recent evaluations suggest...

    Authors: Carinne D Brody, Julie Freccero, Claire D Brindis and Ben Bellows

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:13

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  43. Content type: Research article

    People have the right to make choices regarding their own sexuality, as far as they respect the rights of others. The knowledge of those rights is critical to youth’s ability to protect themselves from unwante...

    Authors: Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku and Zelalem Birhanu Mengesha

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:12

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  44. Content type: Correspondence

    A third of sub-Saharan Africa’s (SSA) population comprises persons aged 10–24 years. These youth are growing up in a context marked by pervasive poverty, limited educational opportunities, high HIV/AIDS preval...

    Authors: Caroline W Kabiru, Chimaraoke O Izugbara and Donatien Beguy

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:11

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  45. Content type: Research article

    HIV/AIDS is the major problem and an obstacle to both the health and development of people in Ethiopia today. It is also indicated that the use of substances have dramatically increased despite the serious con...

    Authors: Marelign Tilahun Malaju and Gistane Ayele Asale

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:10

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  46. Content type: Research article

    HIV risks for women who inject drugs and those who engage in sex work are well documented. Women who are dependent on non-injecting drugs and alcohol are also likely to have increased vulnerability to HIV infe...

    Authors: Michelle Kermode, Collins Z Sono, Chingzaning Hangzo Songput and Alexandra Devine

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:9

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Although much attention has been given to increasing the number of health workers, less focus has been directed at developing models of training that address real-life workplace needs. Makerere University Scho...

    Authors: Joseph KB Matovu, Rhoda K Wanyenze, Susan Mawemuko, Olico Okui, William Bazeyo and David Serwadda

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:8

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