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  1. The unnecessary and unsafe use of injections is common in developing countries like Nepal. Policymakers have an important role in promoting rational and safe injection use. Hence, the present study was carried...

    Authors: Sudesh Gyawali, Devendra Singh Rathore, Pathiyil Ravi Shankar, Manisha Maskey and Vikash Kumar KC

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:21

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In the context of a generalized epidemic and criminalization of homosexuality, men who have sex with men (MSM) in Malawi have a disproportionate burden of HIV compared to other adults. Past research has docume...

    Authors: Andrea L Wirtz, Dunker Kamba, Vincent Jumbe, Gift Trapence, Rehana Gubin, Eric Umar, Susanne K Strömdahl, Chris Beyrer and Stefan D Baral

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:20

    Content type: Research article

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  3. An estimated 863 million people–a third of the world’s urban population–live in slums, yet there is little information on the disease burden in these settings, particularly regarding chronic preventable diseases.

    Authors: Kristen Heitzinger, Silvia M Montano, Stephen E Hawes, Jorge O Alarcón and Joseph R Zunt

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:19

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Despite a substantial decrease in child mortality in Ethiopia over the past decade, neonatal mortality remains unchanged (37/1000 live-births). This paper describes a qualitative study on beliefs and practices...

    Authors: Tedbabe Degefie, Yared Amare and Brian Mulligan

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:17

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Male involvement in contraceptive use is increasingly becoming a global reproductive health issue. Vasectomy is one of the two male modern contraceptive methods espoused by the National Family Planning Policy ...

    Authors: Philip Baba Adongo, Placide Tapsoba, James F Phillips, Philip Teg-Nefaah Tabong, Allison Stone, Emmanuel Kuffour, Selina F Esantsi and Patricia Akweongo

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:16

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Myanmar/Burma has received increased development and humanitarian assistance since the election in November 2010. Monitoring the impact of foreign assistance and economic development on health and human rights...

    Authors: Parveen K Parmar, Jade Benjamin-Chung, Linda S Smith, Saw Nay Htoo, Sai Laeng, Aye Lwin, Mahn Mahn, Cynthia Maung, Daniel Reh, Eh Kalu Shwe Oo, Thomas Lee and Adam K Richards

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:15

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Timor-Leste is a young developing country in Asia. Most of its infrastructure was destroyed after a long armed conflict for independence. Despite recent expansion of health facilities and investment in healthc...

    Authors: Vishnu Khanal, Andy H Lee, Jonia Lourenca Nunes Brites da Cruz and Rajendra Karkee

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:14

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Female Genital Cutting (FGC) anchored in a complex socio-cultural context becomes significant at the interface of access of health and social services in host countries. The practice of FGC at times, understoo...

    Authors: Bilkis Vissandjée, Shereen Denetto, Paula Migliardi and Jodi Proctor

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:13

    Content type: Debate

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  9. Although the challenges of working with culturally and linguistically diverse groups can lead to the exclusion of some communities from research studies, cost effective strategies to encourage access and promo...

    Authors: Susan K Lee, Cheryl R Sulaiman-Hill and Sandra C Thompson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:11

    Content type: Correspondence

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  10. Conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs provide poor families with cash conditional on investments in health and education. Brazil’s Bolsa Família program began in 2003 and is currently the largest CCT progra...

    Authors: Amie Shei, Federico Costa, Mitermayer G Reis and Albert I Ko

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:10

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Sub-Saharan Africa is home to approximately 55 million orphaned children. The growing orphan crisis has overwhelmed many communities and has weakened the ability of extended families to meet traditional care-t...

    Authors: Lonnie Embleton, David Ayuku, Allan Kamanda, Lukoye Atwoli, Samuel Ayaya, Rachel Vreeman, Winstone Nyandiko, Peter Gisore, Julius Koech and Paula Braitstein

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:9

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The one-child policy introduced in China in 1979 has led to far-reaching changes in socio-demographic characteristics. Under this policy regime, each household has few children. This study aims to describe the...

    Authors: Jing Hua, Zhe Mu, Bright I Nwaru, Guixiong Gu, Wei Meng and Zhuochun Wu

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:8

    Content type: Research article

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  13. In India, approximately 49,000 women living with HIV become pregnant and deliver each year. While the government of India has made progress increasing the availability of prevention of mother-to-child transmis...

    Authors: Purnima Madhivanan, Karl Krupp, Vinay Kulkarni, Sanjeevani Kulkarni, Neha Vaidya, Reshma Shaheen, Sean Philpott and Celia Fisher

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:7

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Development policymakers and child-care service providers are committed to improving the educational opportunities of the 153 million orphans worldwide. Nevertheless, the relationship between orphanhood and ed...

    Authors: Maya Escueta, Kathryn Whetten, Jan Ostermann and Karen O’Donnell

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:6

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Inequality in health services access and utilization are influenced by out-of-pocket health expenditures in many low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Various antecedents such as social factors, poor health...

    Authors: Ethel Mary Brinda, Rodriguez Antonio Andrés and Ulrika Enemark

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:5

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:18

  16. The global response to HIV suggests the potential of an emergent global right to health norm, embracing shared global responsibility for health, to assist policy communities in framing the obligations of the d...

    Authors: Rachel Hammonds and Gorik Ooms

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:4

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The present Millennium Development Goals are set to expire in 2015 and their next iteration is now being discussed within the international community. With regards to health, the World Health Organization prop...

    Authors: Gorik Ooms, Laila A Latif, Attiya Waris, Claire E Brolan, Rachel Hammonds, Eric A Friedman, Moses Mulumba and Lisa Forman

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:3

    Content type: Correspondence

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  18. Public stigma against family members of people with mental illness is a negative attitude by the public which blame family members for the mental illness of their relatives. Family stigma can result in self so...

    Authors: Eshetu Girma, Anne Maria Möller-Leimkühler, Norbert Müller, Sandra Dehning, Guenter Froeschl and Markos Tesfaye

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:2

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The editors of BMC International Health and Human Rights would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed their time to the journal in Volume 13 (2013).

    Authors: Irene Pala

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2014 14:1

    Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

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  20. Skilled birth attendants (SBAs) provide important interventions that improve maternal and neonatal health and reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. However, utilization and coverage of services by SBAs remai...

    Authors: Bishnu Choulagai, Sharad Onta, Narayan Subedi, Suresh Mehata, Gajananda P Bhandari, Amod Poudyal, Binjwala Shrestha, Matthews Mathai, Max Petzold and Alexandra Krettek

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:49

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Global health institutions increasingly recognize that the right to health should guide the formulation of replacement goals for the Millennium Development Goals, which expire in 2015. However, the right to he...

    Authors: Lisa Forman, Gorik Ooms, Audrey Chapman, Eric Friedman, Attiya Waris, Everaldo Lamprea and Moses Mulumba

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:48

    Content type: Debate

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  22. The effects of malnutrition on health status and survival of children has been the subject of extensive research for several decades. Malnutrition affects physical growth, cognitive development of children, mo...

    Authors: Allan R Were, Felix N Kioli, Kennedy Onkware, Elizabeth O Onyango, Sussy Gumo and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:47

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Gender-based violence against women, including intimate partner violence (IPV), is a pervasive health and human rights concern. However, relatively little intervention research has been conducted on how to red...

    Authors: Jhumka Gupta, Kathryn L Falb, Heidi Lehmann, Denise Kpebo, Ziming Xuan, Mazeda Hossain, Cathy Zimmerman, Charlotte Watts and Jeannie Annan

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:46

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In a context of inadequate human resources for health, this study investigated whether traditional healers have the knowledge and skill base which could be utilised to assist in the scaling up of HIV preventio...

    Authors: Gavin George, Ethel Chitindingu and Jeff Gow

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:45

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Recent trials in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan have shown that chlorhexidine is an effective antiseptic for umbilical cord care compared to existing community-based cord care practices. Because of the aggreg...

    Authors: Patricia S Coffey, Mutsumi Metzler, Ziaul Islam and Tracey P Koehlmoos

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:44

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In Morocco, the social and legal framework surrounding sexual and reproductive health has transformed greatly in the past decade, especially with the introduction of the new Family Law or Moudawana. Yet, despi...

    Authors: Alexia Sabbe, Halima Oulami, Wahiba Zekraoui, Halima Hikmat, Marleen Temmerman and Els Leye

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:43

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Tribal people in India, as in other parts of the world, reside mostly in forests and/or hilly terrains. Water scarcity and health problems related to it are their prime concern. Watershed management can contri...

    Authors: Sandeep S Nerkar, Ashok J Tamhankar, Eva Johansson and Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:42

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Under the National Rural Health Mission, the current emphasis is on achieving universal institutional births through incentive schemes as part of reforms related to childbirth in India. There has been rapid pr...

    Authors: Bharati Sharma, Gayatri Giri, Kyllike Christensson, Ramani KV and Eva Johansson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:41

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Adolescents and parents’ differ in their perceptions regarding engaging in sexual activity and protecting themselves from pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The views of adolescents and pare...

    Authors: Emmanuel Asampong, Joseph Osafo, Jeffrey Bart Bingenheimer and Clement Ahiadeke

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:40

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has focused its attention on appraising health development assistance projects and redirecting efforts towards health system strengthening. This study aimed to...

    Authors: Motoyuki Yuasa, Yoshie Yamaguchi and Mihoko Imada

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:39

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Authors: Natalie Willis, Sophie Hill, Jessica Kaufman, Simon Lewin, John Kis-Rigo, Sara Bensaude De Castro Freire, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Claire Glenton, Vivian Lin, Priscilla Robinson and Charles S Wiysonge

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:37

    Content type: Erratum

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    The original article was published in BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:23

  32. Myths and misconceptions about TB can serve as a barrier to efforts at reducing stigmatisation of people infected and affected by the disease. Understanding such drivers of myths and misconceptions is importan...

    Authors: Joshua Amo-Adjei and Akwasi Kumi-Kyereme

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:38

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The benefits of maternal health care to maternal and neonatal health outcomes have been well documented. Antenatal care attendance, institutional delivery and skilled attendance at delivery all help to improve...

    Authors: Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Mesganaw Fantahun Afework and Michelle J Hindin

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:36

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Ghana’s National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS), established into law in 2003 and implemented in 2005 as a ‘pro-poor’ method of health financing, has made great progress in enrolling members of the general pop...

    Authors: Jenna Dixon, Eric Y Tenkorang and Isaac Luginaah

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:35

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Governance has been cited as a key determinant of economic growth, social advancement and overall development. Achievement of millennium development goals is partly dependant on governance practices. In 2007, ...

    Authors: Wilbroad Mutale, Margaret Tembo Mwanamwenge, Dina Balabanova, Neil Spicer and Helen Ayles

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:34

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a considerable public health problem. Less focus has been paid to the role of community level factors associated with CSA. The aim of this study was to examine the association betwe...

    Authors: Ismail Yahaya, Olalekan A Uthman, Joaquim Soares and Gloria Macassa

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:33

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Some studies show orphanhood to be associated with increased sexual risk-taking while others have not established this relationship, but have found factors other than orphanhood as predictors of sexual risk be...

    Authors: Milka Juma, Jane Alaii, L Kay Bartholomew, Ian Askew and Bart Van den Born

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:32

    Content type: Research article

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  38. In South Africa, it is illegal for adolescents under age 16 years to engage in any sexual behaviour whether kissing, petting, or penetrative sex, regardless of consent. This cross-sectional study investigated ...

    Authors: Aník Gevers, Cathy Mathews, Pam Cupp, Marcia Russell and Rachel Jewkes

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:31

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Immunization is one of the most effective ways of preventing illness, disability and death from infectious diseases for older people. However, worldwide immunization rates are still low, particularly for the m...

    Authors: Aarón Salinas-Rodríguez and Betty Soledad Manrique-Espinoza

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:30

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Uncertainty is regarded as a central dimension in the experience of illness and in the processes of alleviating it. Few studies from resource-poor settings have investigated this and how it interacts with othe...

    Authors: Helle M Alvesson, Magnus Lindelow, Bouasavanh Khanthaphat and Lucie Laflamme

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:28

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The failure to reduce preventable maternal deaths represents a violation of women’s right to life, health, non-discrimination and equality. Maternal deaths result from weaknesses in health systems: inadequate ...

    Authors: Farai D Madzimbamuto, Sunanda Ray and Keitshokile D Mogobe

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:27

    Content type: Debate

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  42. Studies that have looked at the effect of polio eradication efforts in India on routine immunization programs have provided mixed findings. One polio eradication project, funded by US Agency for International ...

    Authors: William M Weiss, Manojkumar Choudhary and Roma Solomon

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:25

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Sexual abuse of boys is a neglected problem in many developing countries including Ethiopia. As a result, its prevalence, contributing factors and circumstance in which sexual abuse occurs are largely unknown....

    Authors: Rahel Tesfaye Haile, Negussie Deyessa Kebeta and Getnet Mitike Kassie

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:24

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Vaccination is a cost-effective public health measure and is central to the Millennium Development Goal of reducing child mortality. However, childhood vaccination coverage remains sub-optimal in many settings...

    Authors: Natalie Willis, Sophie Hill, Jessica Kaufman, Simon Lewin, John Kis-Rigo, Sara Bensaude De Castro Freire, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Claire Glenton, Vivian Lin, Priscilla Robinson and Charles S Wiysonge

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:23

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:37

  45. The measurement of condom use self-efficacy requires contextually suitable, valid and reliable instruments due to variability of the scale across nations with different cultural and ethnic backgrounds. This st...

    Authors: Debebe Shaweno and Emebet Tekletsadik

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:22

    Content type: Research article

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