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  1. Content type: Research article

    Uncertainty is regarded as a central dimension in the experience of illness and in the processes of alleviating it. Few studies from resource-poor settings have investigated this and how it interacts with othe...

    Authors: Helle M Alvesson, Magnus Lindelow, Bouasavanh Khanthaphat and Lucie Laflamme

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:28

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  2. Content type: Debate

    The failure to reduce preventable maternal deaths represents a violation of women’s right to life, health, non-discrimination and equality. Maternal deaths result from weaknesses in health systems: inadequate ...

    Authors: Farai D Madzimbamuto, Sunanda Ray and Keitshokile D Mogobe

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:27

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Studies that have looked at the effect of polio eradication efforts in India on routine immunization programs have provided mixed findings. One polio eradication project, funded by US Agency for International ...

    Authors: William M Weiss, Manojkumar Choudhary and Roma Solomon

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:25

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Sexual abuse of boys is a neglected problem in many developing countries including Ethiopia. As a result, its prevalence, contributing factors and circumstance in which sexual abuse occurs are largely unknown....

    Authors: Rahel Tesfaye Haile, Negussie Deyessa Kebeta and Getnet Mitike Kassie

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:24

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  5. Content type: Correspondence

    Vaccination is a cost-effective public health measure and is central to the Millennium Development Goal of reducing child mortality. However, childhood vaccination coverage remains sub-optimal in many settings...

    Authors: Natalie Willis, Sophie Hill, Jessica Kaufman, Simon Lewin, John Kis-Rigo, Sara Bensaude De Castro Freire, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Claire Glenton, Vivian Lin, Priscilla Robinson and Charles S Wiysonge

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:23

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:37

  6. Content type: Research article

    The measurement of condom use self-efficacy requires contextually suitable, valid and reliable instruments due to variability of the scale across nations with different cultural and ethnic backgrounds. This st...

    Authors: Debebe Shaweno and Emebet Tekletsadik

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:22

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The evaluation of all potential sources of low skilled maternal care utilization is crucial for Ethiopia. Previous studies have largely disregarded the contribution of different levels. This study was planned ...

    Authors: Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku, Alemayehu Worku Yalew and Mesganaw Fantahun Afework

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:20

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Millions of African children are having to grow up under harsh and adverse psychosocial conditions but it’s not fully understood how this negative psychosocial environment is affecting their mental health. Thi...

    Authors: Eugene Kinyanda, Ruth Kizza, Catherine Abbo, Sheila Ndyanabangi and Jonathan Levin

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:19

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The increasingly recognized need for reorganizing the primary health care services in Iraq calls for a comprehensive assessment of the system to better understand its problems and needs for development. As par...

    Authors: Nazar P Shabila, Namir G Al-Tawil, Tariq S Al-Hadithi and Egbert Sondorp

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:18

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  10. Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

    The editors of BMC International Health and Human Rights would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 12 (2012).

    Authors: Emily Crow

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:14

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  11. Content type: Research article

    This paper outlines stakeholder views on environmental barriers that prevent people who live with psychosocial disability from participating in mental health policy development in South Africa.

    Authors: Sharon Kleintjes, Crick Lund and Leslie Swartz

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:17

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The utilization of medical care for gastrointestinal diseases increased over the past decade worldwide. The aim of the study was to investigate the difference between rural and urban patients in seeking medica...

    Authors: Yi-Hsuan Lin, Yen-Han Tseng, Yi-Chun Chen, Ming-Hwai Lin, Li-Fang Chou, Tzeng-Ji Chen and Shinn-Jang Hwang

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:15

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Over the last fifty years, the number of centenarians has dramatically increased. The centenarian rate (CR) is representative of the general longevity prevalent in a nation; it indicates the number of individu...

    Authors: Jong In Kim

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:16

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:26

  14. Content type: Research article

    One approach to delivering healthcare in developing countries is through voucher programs, where vouchers are distributed to a specific population for free or subsidized health care. Recent evaluations suggest...

    Authors: Carinne D Brody, Julie Freccero, Claire D Brindis and Ben Bellows

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:13

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  15. Content type: Research article

    People have the right to make choices regarding their own sexuality, as far as they respect the rights of others. The knowledge of those rights is critical to youth’s ability to protect themselves from unwante...

    Authors: Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku and Zelalem Birhanu Mengesha

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:12

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  16. Content type: Correspondence

    A third of sub-Saharan Africa’s (SSA) population comprises persons aged 10–24 years. These youth are growing up in a context marked by pervasive poverty, limited educational opportunities, high HIV/AIDS preval...

    Authors: Caroline W Kabiru, Chimaraoke O Izugbara and Donatien Beguy

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:11

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  17. Content type: Research article

    HIV/AIDS is the major problem and an obstacle to both the health and development of people in Ethiopia today. It is also indicated that the use of substances have dramatically increased despite the serious con...

    Authors: Marelign Tilahun Malaju and Gistane Ayele Asale

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:10

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  18. Content type: Research article

    HIV risks for women who inject drugs and those who engage in sex work are well documented. Women who are dependent on non-injecting drugs and alcohol are also likely to have increased vulnerability to HIV infe...

    Authors: Michelle Kermode, Collins Z Sono, Chingzaning Hangzo Songput and Alexandra Devine

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:9

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Although much attention has been given to increasing the number of health workers, less focus has been directed at developing models of training that address real-life workplace needs. Makerere University Scho...

    Authors: Joseph KB Matovu, Rhoda K Wanyenze, Susan Mawemuko, Olico Okui, William Bazeyo and David Serwadda

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:8

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  20. Content type: Review

    The ethical discourse about HIV testing has undergone a profound transformation in recent years. The greater availability of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has led to a global scaling up of HIV testing and couns...

    Authors: Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Sarah Bott, Ron Bayer, Alice Desclaux and Rachel Baggaley

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:6

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the extent that different modern contraceptives are acceptable to different populations groups and where they get the commodities from will help in developing specific interventions that will hel...

    Authors: Obinna E Onwujekwe, Jane C Enemuoh, Chinwe Ogbonna, Chinyere Mbachu, Benjamin SC Uzochukwu, Agathe Lawson and Bannet Ndyanabangi

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:7

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have indicated that most immigrant women come from underdeveloped countries, and this can have negative effects on their lives, children’s adaptation to school, and medical care utilization. Howev...

    Authors: Yen-Ching Chen, Shu-Hui Wei, Kuo-Wei Yeh and Mei-Yen Chen

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:5

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Prolonged sexual abstinence after childbirth is a socio-cultural practice with health implications, and is described in several African countries, including Tanzania. This study explored discourses on prolonge...

    Authors: Columba K Mbekenga, Andrea B Pembe, Elisabeth Darj, Kyllike Christensson and Pia Olsson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:4

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Unsafe injection practices and injection overuse are widespread in developing countries harming the patient and inviting risks to the health care workers. In Nepal, there is a dearth of documented information ...

    Authors: Sudesh Gyawali, Devendra S Rathore, Bhuvan KC and P Ravi Shankar

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:3

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  25. Content type: Research article

    While there are biomedical drugs for managing diabetes mellitus, some patients with diabetes use traditional medicine. The aim of the study was to explore why patients with diabetes use traditional medicine fo...

    Authors: Elizeus Rutebemberwa, Muhamadi Lubega, Sheila K Katureebe, Abanga Oundo, Francis Kiweewa and David Mukanga

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:1

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  26. Content type: Correspondence

    Poor quality housing is an infringement on the rights of all humans to a standard of living adequate for health. Among the many vulnerabilities of those without adequate shelter is the risk of disease spread b...

    Authors: J Daniel Kelly, M Bailor Barrie, Rachel A Ross, Brian A Temple, Lina M Moses and Daniel G Bausch

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:2

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  27. Content type: Research article

    With quantitative sensory testing (QST) we recently found no differences in sensory function of the foot soles between groups of torture victims with or without exposure to falanga (beatings under the feet). C...

    Authors: Karen Prip, Ann L Persson and Bengt H Sjölund

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:40

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Falanga torture (beatings on the foot soles) produces local chronic pain and severe walking difficulties. We have previously reported signs of neuropathic pain in the feet of falanga victims. The objective her...

    Authors: Karen Prip, Ann L Persson and Bengt H Sjölund

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:39

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Adolescent girls are an overlooked group within conflict-affected populations and their sexual health needs are often neglected. Girls are disproportionately at risk of HIV and other STIs in times of conflict,...

    Authors: Sheetal H Patel, Herbert Muyinda, Nelson K Sewankambo, Geoffrey Oyat, Stella Atim and Patricia M Spittal

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:38

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Taiwan has been dispatching an increasing number of short-term medical missions (STMMs) to its allied nations to provide humanitarian health care; however, overall evaluations to help policy makers strengthen ...

    Authors: Ya-Wen Chiu, Yi-Hao Weng, Chih-Fu Chen, Chun-Yuh Yang, Hung-Yi Chiou and Ming-Liang Lee

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:37

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  31. Content type: Research article

    In Uganda, despite a significant public health burden of tuberculosis (TB) in the context of high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence, little is known about community knowledge of TB. The purpose of ...

    Authors: Ashley Wynne, Gian S Jhangri, Solina Richter, Arif Alibhai, Tom Rubaale and Walter Kipp

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:36

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  32. Content type: Research article

    There is limited research about IPV against women and associated factors in Sub-Saharan Africa, not least Mozambique. The objective of this study was to examine the occurrence, severity, chronicity and “predic...

    Authors: Antonio Eugenio Zacarias, Gloria Macassa, Leif Svanström, Joaquim JF Soares and Diddy Antai

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:35

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  33. Content type: Correspondence

    This research assesses informal markets that dominate pharmaceutical systems in severely disrupted countries and identifies areas for further investigation. Findings are based on recent academic papers, policy...

    Authors: Jillian Clare Kohler, Enrico Pavignani, Markus Michael, Natalia Ovtcharenko, Maurizio Murru and Peter S Hill

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:34

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mortality and morbidity remains high in many low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) represents an underestimated and unrecognised impediment to optimal maternal h...

    Authors: Karoline Kragelund Nielsen, Maximilian de Courten and Anil Kapur

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:33

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The Hijra is a distinct type of gender role in South Asia where men act like women. This group of people is socially excluded by the general community, in terms of attainment of an opportunity for a socially prod...

    Authors: Muhammad Ahmed Abdullah, Zeeshan Basharat, Bilal Kamal, Nargis Yousaf Sattar, Zahra Fatima Hassan, Asghar Dil Jan and Anum Shafqat

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:32

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Given that many low income countries are heavily reliant on external assistance to fund their health sectors the acceptance of obligations of international assistance and cooperation with regard to the right t...

    Authors: Rachel Hammonds, Gorik Ooms and Wouter Vandenhole

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:31

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  37. Content type: Debate

    Accelerating progress towards universal coverage in African countries calls for concrete actions that reinforce social health protection through establishment of sustainable health financing mechanisms. In ord...

    Authors: Laurent Musango, Juliet Nabyonga Orem, Riku Elovainio and Joses Kirigia

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:30

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The health and well-being of widows in India is an important but neglected issue of public health and women’s rights. We investigate the lives of Indian women as they become widows, focussing on the causes of the...

    Authors: Katia Sarla Mohindra, Slim Haddad and Delampady Narayana

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:28

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Tanzania is experiencing acute shortages of Health Workers (HWs), a situation which has forced health managers, especially in the underserved districts, to hastily cope with health workers’ shortages by adopti...

    Authors: Michael A Munga, Stella P Kilima, Prince Pius Mutalemwa, William J Kisoka and Mwelecele N Malecela

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:27

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  40. Content type: Research article

    It was long speculated that there could be under-immunized pockets in the war affected Northern part of Sri Lanka relative to other areas. With the cessation of hostilities following the military suppression o...

    Authors: Ananthan Parameswaran and Pushpa Ranjan Wijesinghe

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:26

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  41. Content type: Debate

    Globally, extending financial protection and equitable access to health services to those outside the formal sector employment is a major challenge for achieving universal coverage. While some favour contribut...

    Authors: Gilbert Abotisem Abiiro and Di McIntyre

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:25

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Child cash transfers are increasingly recognised for their potential to reduce poverty and improve health outcomes. South Africa‘s child support grant (CSG) constitutes the largest cash transfer in the contine...

    Authors: Wanga Zembe-Mkabile, Tanya Doherty, David Sanders, Debra Jackson, Mickey Chopra, Sonja Swanevelder, Carl Lombard and Rebecca Surender

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:24

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Much of the unskilled and semi-skilled workforce in Thailand comprises migrant workers from neighbouring countries. While, in principle, healthcare facilities in the host country are open to those migrants reg...

    Authors: Tinzar Naing, Alan Geater and Petchawan Pungrassami

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:22

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  44. Content type: Research article

    As part of a comprehensive study on the primary health care system in Iraq, we sought to explore primary care providers’ perspectives about the main problems influencing the provision of primary care services ...

    Authors: Nazar P Shabila, Namir G Al-Tawil, Tariq S Al-Hadithi, Egbert Sondorp and Kelsey Vaughan

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:21

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  45. Content type: Research article

    An evaluation of progress with participatory approaches for improvement of health knowledge and health experiences of disadvantaged people in eight Districts of Eastern Nepal has been undertaken.

    Authors: Ram B Rana, Rabindra Ghimire, Mahendra B Shah, Tirtha Kumal, Elise Whitley and Ian A Baker

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:20

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Diarrhoea is the second leading cause of death in children under five accounting for 1.8 million deaths yearly. Despite global efforts to reduce diarrhoea mortality through promotion of proper case management,...

    Authors: Jenny Löfgren, Wenjing Tao, Elin Larsson, Francis Kyakulaga and Birger C Forsberg

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:19

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