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  1. HIV/AIDS is the major problem and an obstacle to both the health and development of people in Ethiopia today. It is also indicated that the use of substances have dramatically increased despite the serious con...

    Authors: Marelign Tilahun Malaju and Gistane Ayele Asale

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:10

    Content type: Research article

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  2. HIV risks for women who inject drugs and those who engage in sex work are well documented. Women who are dependent on non-injecting drugs and alcohol are also likely to have increased vulnerability to HIV infe...

    Authors: Michelle Kermode, Collins Z Sono, Chingzaning Hangzo Songput and Alexandra Devine

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:9

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Although much attention has been given to increasing the number of health workers, less focus has been directed at developing models of training that address real-life workplace needs. Makerere University Scho...

    Authors: Joseph KB Matovu, Rhoda K Wanyenze, Susan Mawemuko, Olico Okui, William Bazeyo and David Serwadda

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:8

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Understanding the extent that different modern contraceptives are acceptable to different populations groups and where they get the commodities from will help in developing specific interventions that will hel...

    Authors: Obinna E Onwujekwe, Jane C Enemuoh, Chinwe Ogbonna, Chinyere Mbachu, Benjamin SC Uzochukwu, Agathe Lawson and Bannet Ndyanabangi

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:7

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The ethical discourse about HIV testing has undergone a profound transformation in recent years. The greater availability of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has led to a global scaling up of HIV testing and couns...

    Authors: Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Sarah Bott, Ron Bayer, Alice Desclaux and Rachel Baggaley

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:6

    Content type: Review

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  6. Many studies have indicated that most immigrant women come from underdeveloped countries, and this can have negative effects on their lives, children’s adaptation to school, and medical care utilization. Howev...

    Authors: Yen-Ching Chen, Shu-Hui Wei, Kuo-Wei Yeh and Mei-Yen Chen

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:5

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Prolonged sexual abstinence after childbirth is a socio-cultural practice with health implications, and is described in several African countries, including Tanzania. This study explored discourses on prolonge...

    Authors: Columba K Mbekenga, Andrea B Pembe, Elisabeth Darj, Kyllike Christensson and Pia Olsson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:4

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Unsafe injection practices and injection overuse are widespread in developing countries harming the patient and inviting risks to the health care workers. In Nepal, there is a dearth of documented information ...

    Authors: Sudesh Gyawali, Devendra S Rathore, Bhuvan KC and P Ravi Shankar

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:3

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Poor quality housing is an infringement on the rights of all humans to a standard of living adequate for health. Among the many vulnerabilities of those without adequate shelter is the risk of disease spread b...

    Authors: J Daniel Kelly, M Bailor Barrie, Rachel A Ross, Brian A Temple, Lina M Moses and Daniel G Bausch

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:2

    Content type: Correspondence

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  10. While there are biomedical drugs for managing diabetes mellitus, some patients with diabetes use traditional medicine. The aim of the study was to explore why patients with diabetes use traditional medicine fo...

    Authors: Elizeus Rutebemberwa, Muhamadi Lubega, Sheila K Katureebe, Abanga Oundo, Francis Kiweewa and David Mukanga

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2013 13:1

    Content type: Research article

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  11. With quantitative sensory testing (QST) we recently found no differences in sensory function of the foot soles between groups of torture victims with or without exposure to falanga (beatings under the feet). C...

    Authors: Karen Prip, Ann L Persson and Bengt H Sjölund

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:40

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Falanga torture (beatings on the foot soles) produces local chronic pain and severe walking difficulties. We have previously reported signs of neuropathic pain in the feet of falanga victims. The objective her...

    Authors: Karen Prip, Ann L Persson and Bengt H Sjölund

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:39

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Adolescent girls are an overlooked group within conflict-affected populations and their sexual health needs are often neglected. Girls are disproportionately at risk of HIV and other STIs in times of conflict,...

    Authors: Sheetal H Patel, Herbert Muyinda, Nelson K Sewankambo, Geoffrey Oyat, Stella Atim and Patricia M Spittal

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:38

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Taiwan has been dispatching an increasing number of short-term medical missions (STMMs) to its allied nations to provide humanitarian health care; however, overall evaluations to help policy makers strengthen ...

    Authors: Ya-Wen Chiu, Yi-Hao Weng, Chih-Fu Chen, Chun-Yuh Yang, Hung-Yi Chiou and Ming-Liang Lee

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:37

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In Uganda, despite a significant public health burden of tuberculosis (TB) in the context of high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence, little is known about community knowledge of TB. The purpose of ...

    Authors: Ashley Wynne, Gian S Jhangri, Solina Richter, Arif Alibhai, Tom Rubaale and Walter Kipp

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:36

    Content type: Research article

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  16. There is limited research about IPV against women and associated factors in Sub-Saharan Africa, not least Mozambique. The objective of this study was to examine the occurrence, severity, chronicity and “predic...

    Authors: Antonio Eugenio Zacarias, Gloria Macassa, Leif Svanström, Joaquim JF Soares and Diddy Antai

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:35

    Content type: Research article

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  17. This research assesses informal markets that dominate pharmaceutical systems in severely disrupted countries and identifies areas for further investigation. Findings are based on recent academic papers, policy...

    Authors: Jillian Clare Kohler, Enrico Pavignani, Markus Michael, Natalia Ovtcharenko, Maurizio Murru and Peter S Hill

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:34

    Content type: Correspondence

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  18. Maternal mortality and morbidity remains high in many low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) represents an underestimated and unrecognised impediment to optimal maternal h...

    Authors: Karoline Kragelund Nielsen, Maximilian de Courten and Anil Kapur

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:33

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The Hijra is a distinct type of gender role in South Asia where men act like women. This group of people is socially excluded by the general community, in terms of attainment of an opportunity for a socially prod...

    Authors: Muhammad Ahmed Abdullah, Zeeshan Basharat, Bilal Kamal, Nargis Yousaf Sattar, Zahra Fatima Hassan, Asghar Dil Jan and Anum Shafqat

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:32

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Given that many low income countries are heavily reliant on external assistance to fund their health sectors the acceptance of obligations of international assistance and cooperation with regard to the right t...

    Authors: Rachel Hammonds, Gorik Ooms and Wouter Vandenhole

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:31

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Accelerating progress towards universal coverage in African countries calls for concrete actions that reinforce social health protection through establishment of sustainable health financing mechanisms. In ord...

    Authors: Laurent Musango, Juliet Nabyonga Orem, Riku Elovainio and Joses Kirigia

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:30

    Content type: Debate

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  22. The health and well-being of widows in India is an important but neglected issue of public health and women’s rights. We investigate the lives of Indian women as they become widows, focussing on the causes of the...

    Authors: Katia Sarla Mohindra, Slim Haddad and Delampady Narayana

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:28

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Tanzania is experiencing acute shortages of Health Workers (HWs), a situation which has forced health managers, especially in the underserved districts, to hastily cope with health workers’ shortages by adopti...

    Authors: Michael A Munga, Stella P Kilima, Prince Pius Mutalemwa, William J Kisoka and Mwelecele N Malecela

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:27

    Content type: Research article

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  24. It was long speculated that there could be under-immunized pockets in the war affected Northern part of Sri Lanka relative to other areas. With the cessation of hostilities following the military suppression o...

    Authors: Ananthan Parameswaran and Pushpa Ranjan Wijesinghe

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:26

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Globally, extending financial protection and equitable access to health services to those outside the formal sector employment is a major challenge for achieving universal coverage. While some favour contribut...

    Authors: Gilbert Abotisem Abiiro and Di McIntyre

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:25

    Content type: Debate

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  26. Child cash transfers are increasingly recognised for their potential to reduce poverty and improve health outcomes. South Africa‘s child support grant (CSG) constitutes the largest cash transfer in the contine...

    Authors: Wanga Zembe-Mkabile, Tanya Doherty, David Sanders, Debra Jackson, Mickey Chopra, Sonja Swanevelder, Carl Lombard and Rebecca Surender

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:24

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Much of the unskilled and semi-skilled workforce in Thailand comprises migrant workers from neighbouring countries. While, in principle, healthcare facilities in the host country are open to those migrants reg...

    Authors: Tinzar Naing, Alan Geater and Petchawan Pungrassami

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:22

    Content type: Research article

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  28. As part of a comprehensive study on the primary health care system in Iraq, we sought to explore primary care providers’ perspectives about the main problems influencing the provision of primary care services ...

    Authors: Nazar P Shabila, Namir G Al-Tawil, Tariq S Al-Hadithi, Egbert Sondorp and Kelsey Vaughan

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:21

    Content type: Research article

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  29. An evaluation of progress with participatory approaches for improvement of health knowledge and health experiences of disadvantaged people in eight Districts of Eastern Nepal has been undertaken.

    Authors: Ram B Rana, Rabindra Ghimire, Mahendra B Shah, Tirtha Kumal, Elise Whitley and Ian A Baker

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:20

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Diarrhoea is the second leading cause of death in children under five accounting for 1.8 million deaths yearly. Despite global efforts to reduce diarrhoea mortality through promotion of proper case management,...

    Authors: Jenny Löfgren, Wenjing Tao, Elin Larsson, Francis Kyakulaga and Birger C Forsberg

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:19

    Content type: Research article

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  31. About half a billion people with disabilities in developing countries have limited access to assistive technology. The Convention on the Rights of persons with Disabilities requires governments to take measure...

    Authors: Johan Borg, Stig Larsson, Per-Olof Östergren, ASM Atiqur Rahman, Nazmul Bari and AHM Noman Khan

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:18

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Injury is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and even more so in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Iran is a LMIC and lacks information regarding injury for program and policy purpose...

    Authors: Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam, Alexandra LC Martiniuk, Mahdi Mohammadi, Mahdieh Rad, Fatemeh Sargazi, Khodadad Sheykhzadeh, Seddighe Jelodarzadeh and Fatemeh Karimzadeh

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:17

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The 58th World Health Assembly and 56th WHO Regional Committee for Africa adopted resolutions urging Member States to ensure that health financing systems included a method for prepayment to foster financial r...

    Authors: Joses Muthuri Kirigia, Eyob Zere and James Akazili

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:16

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Amidst an evolving post-apartheid policy framework for health, policymakers have sought to institutionalize community participation in Primary Health Care, recognizing participation as integral to realizing So...

    Authors: Benjamin Mason Meier, Caitlin Pardue and Leslie London

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:15

    Content type: Research article

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  35. There has been increasing focus on the role of health systems in low and middle-income countries. Despite this, very little evidence exists on how best to build health systems program and research capacity in ...

    Authors: Joel Negin, Alexandra Martiniuk, Chris Morgan, Philip Davies and Anthony Zwi

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:14

    Content type: Correspondence

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  36. Most HIV/AIDS infections in women occur at a younger age, during the first few years after sexual debut. This study was therefore designed to assess factors associated with the knowledge and utilization of the...

    Authors: Olorunfemi E Amoran, Omotayo F Salami and Francis A Oluwole

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:13

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Although leprosy was eliminated globally in 2000, the disease continues to be the significant cause of peripheral neuropathy, disability and disfigurement in some developing countries. However, recent populati...

    Authors: Kelias P Msyamboza, Leonard R Mawaya, Hudson W Kubwalo, David Ng’oma, Moses Liabunya, Sunganani Manjolo, Pilirani P Msiska and Wilson W Somba

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:12

    Content type: Research article

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  38. A pool of 38 pan-African Centres of Excellence (CoEs) in health innovation has been selected and recognized by the African Network for Drugs and Diagnostics Innovation (ANDI), through a competitive criteria ba...

    Authors: Solomon Nwaka, Alexander Ochem, Dominique Besson, Bernadette Ramirez, Foluke Fakorede, Sanaa Botros, Uford Inyang, Charles Mgone, Ivan Adae-Mensah, Victor Konde, Barthelemy Nyasse, Blessed Okole, Anastasia Guantai, Glaudina Loots, Peter Atadja, Peter Ndumbe…

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:11

    Content type: Correspondence

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  39. Male circumcision (MC) has been shown to reduce vaginal transmission of HIV to men. While community acceptability is important in a countries preparedness to introduce MC, it is equally important to map contem...

    Authors: Angela Kelly, Martha Kupul, Richard Nake Trumb, Herick Aeno, James Neo, Lisa Fitzgerald, Peter S Hill, John M Kaldor, Peter Siba and Andrew Vallely

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:10

    Content type: Research article

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  40. An understanding of the perception of paediatricians as key stakeholders in child healthcare delivery and the degree of congruence with current investment priorities is crucial in accelerating progress towards...

    Authors: Bolajoko O Olusanya, Chinyere V Ezeaka, Ekundayo K Ajayi-Obe, Mariya Mukhtar-Yola and Gabriel E Ofovwe

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:9

    Content type: Research article

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  41. During a period of evolving international consensus on how to engage communities in research, facilitators and barriers to participation in HIV prevention research were explored in a rural plantation community...

    Authors: Emmanuel Kiawi, Eleanor McLellan-Lemal, Jembia Mosoko, Kata Chillag and Pratima L Raghunathan

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:8

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Nepal has experienced sporadic reports of human rights violations among sexual and gender minorities. Our objective was to identify a range of human rights that are enshrined in international law and/or are co...

    Authors: Sonal Singh, Sunil Babu Pant, Suben Dhakal, Subash Pokhrel and Luke C Mullany

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:7

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Whether scale-up of HIV prevention and care will reduce negative attitudes and discriminatory practices towards persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) is uncertain. An HIV knowledge and attitude survey was conduc...

    Authors: Alan R Lifson, Workneh Demissie, Alemayehu Tadesse, Kassu Ketema, Randy May, Bereket Yakob, Meka Metekia, Lucy Slater and Tibebe Shenie

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:6

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Globally, injuries cause approximately as many deaths per year as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria combined, and 90% of injury deaths occur in low- and middle- income countries. Given not all injuries kill, ...

    Authors: Maryse Bouchard, Jillian C Kohler, James Orbinski and Andrew Howard

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:5

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Somali migrants fleeing the civil war in their country face punishing journeys, the loss of homes, possessions, and bereavement. On arrival in the host country they encounter poverty, hostility, and residentia...

    Authors: Kamaldeep Bhui, Salaad Mohamud, Nasir Warfa, Sarah Curtis, Stephen Stansfeld and Tom Craig

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:4

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The National Health Act, No 61, 2003 in South Africa is the first effort made by the government to protect health-related research participants under law. Implemented on March 1, 2012, the law mandates active ...

    Authors: Melanie Zuch, Amanda J Mason-Jones, Catherine Mathews and Lesley Henley

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:3

    Content type: Debate

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  47. There are minimal data available on critical care case-mix, care processes and outcomes in lower and middle income countries (LMICs). The objectives of this paper were to gather data in the Solomon Islands in ...

    Authors: Mia Westcott, Alexandra LC Martiniuk, Robert A Fowler, Neill KJ Adhikari and Tenneth Dalipanda

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:1

    Content type: Research article

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