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  1. Amidst an evolving post-apartheid policy framework for health, policymakers have sought to institutionalize community participation in Primary Health Care, recognizing participation as integral to realizing So...

    Authors: Benjamin Mason Meier, Caitlin Pardue and Leslie London

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:15

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. There has been increasing focus on the role of health systems in low and middle-income countries. Despite this, very little evidence exists on how best to build health systems program and research capacity in ...

    Authors: Joel Negin, Alexandra Martiniuk, Chris Morgan, Philip Davies and Anthony Zwi

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:14

    Content type: Correspondence

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  3. Most HIV/AIDS infections in women occur at a younger age, during the first few years after sexual debut. This study was therefore designed to assess factors associated with the knowledge and utilization of the...

    Authors: Olorunfemi E Amoran, Omotayo F Salami and Francis A Oluwole

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:13

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Although leprosy was eliminated globally in 2000, the disease continues to be the significant cause of peripheral neuropathy, disability and disfigurement in some developing countries. However, recent populati...

    Authors: Kelias P Msyamboza, Leonard R Mawaya, Hudson W Kubwalo, David Ng’oma, Moses Liabunya, Sunganani Manjolo, Pilirani P Msiska and Wilson W Somba

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:12

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. A pool of 38 pan-African Centres of Excellence (CoEs) in health innovation has been selected and recognized by the African Network for Drugs and Diagnostics Innovation (ANDI), through a competitive criteria ba...

    Authors: Solomon Nwaka, Alexander Ochem, Dominique Besson, Bernadette Ramirez, Foluke Fakorede, Sanaa Botros, Uford Inyang, Charles Mgone, Ivan Adae-Mensah, Victor Konde, Barthelemy Nyasse, Blessed Okole, Anastasia Guantai, Glaudina Loots, Peter Atadja, Peter Ndumbe…

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:11

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

  6. Male circumcision (MC) has been shown to reduce vaginal transmission of HIV to men. While community acceptability is important in a countries preparedness to introduce MC, it is equally important to map contem...

    Authors: Angela Kelly, Martha Kupul, Richard Nake Trumb, Herick Aeno, James Neo, Lisa Fitzgerald, Peter S Hill, John M Kaldor, Peter Siba and Andrew Vallely

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:10

    Content type: Research article

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  7. An understanding of the perception of paediatricians as key stakeholders in child healthcare delivery and the degree of congruence with current investment priorities is crucial in accelerating progress towards...

    Authors: Bolajoko O Olusanya, Chinyere V Ezeaka, Ekundayo K Ajayi-Obe, Mariya Mukhtar-Yola and Gabriel E Ofovwe

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:9

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. During a period of evolving international consensus on how to engage communities in research, facilitators and barriers to participation in HIV prevention research were explored in a rural plantation community...

    Authors: Emmanuel Kiawi, Eleanor McLellan-Lemal, Jembia Mosoko, Kata Chillag and Pratima L Raghunathan

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:8

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Nepal has experienced sporadic reports of human rights violations among sexual and gender minorities. Our objective was to identify a range of human rights that are enshrined in international law and/or are co...

    Authors: Sonal Singh, Sunil Babu Pant, Suben Dhakal, Subash Pokhrel and Luke C Mullany

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:7

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Whether scale-up of HIV prevention and care will reduce negative attitudes and discriminatory practices towards persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) is uncertain. An HIV knowledge and attitude survey was conduc...

    Authors: Alan R Lifson, Workneh Demissie, Alemayehu Tadesse, Kassu Ketema, Randy May, Bereket Yakob, Meka Metekia, Lucy Slater and Tibebe Shenie

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:6

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Globally, injuries cause approximately as many deaths per year as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria combined, and 90% of injury deaths occur in low- and middle- income countries. Given not all injuries kill, ...

    Authors: Maryse Bouchard, Jillian C Kohler, James Orbinski and Andrew Howard

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:5

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Somali migrants fleeing the civil war in their country face punishing journeys, the loss of homes, possessions, and bereavement. On arrival in the host country they encounter poverty, hostility, and residentia...

    Authors: Kamaldeep Bhui, Salaad Mohamud, Nasir Warfa, Sarah Curtis, Stephen Stansfeld and Tom Craig

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:4

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The National Health Act, No 61, 2003 in South Africa is the first effort made by the government to protect health-related research participants under law. Implemented on March 1, 2012, the law mandates active ...

    Authors: Melanie Zuch, Amanda J Mason-Jones, Catherine Mathews and Lesley Henley

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:3

    Content type: Debate

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  14. There are minimal data available on critical care case-mix, care processes and outcomes in lower and middle income countries (LMICs). The objectives of this paper were to gather data in the Solomon Islands in ...

    Authors: Mia Westcott, Alexandra LC Martiniuk, Robert A Fowler, Neill KJ Adhikari and Tenneth Dalipanda

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2012 12:1

    Content type: Research article

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  15. After many years of sanctions and conflict, Iraq is rebuilding its health system, with a strong emphasis on the traditional hospital-based services. A network exists of public sector hospitals and clinics, as ...

    Authors: Gilbert Burnham, Connie Hoe, Yuen Wai Hung, Agron Ferati, Allen Dyer, Thamer Al Hifi, Rabia Aboud and Tariq Hasoon

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11:15

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. The continued poor sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa highlight the difficulties in reforming policies and laws, and implementing effective programmes. This paper uses one inte...

    Authors: Rose Ndakala Oronje, Joanna Crichton, Sally Theobald, Nana Oye Lithur and Latifat Ibisomi

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 3):S8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  17. In South Africa, policy with respect to HIV/AIDS has had a strong rights-based framing in line with international trends and in keeping with the constitutional overhaul in the post-Apartheid era. There have al...

    Authors: Hayley MacGregor and Elizabeth Mills

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 3):S7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  18. There is growing interest in the ways in which legal and human rights issues related to sex work affect sex workers’ vulnerability to HIV and abuses including human trafficking and sexual exploitation. Interna...

    Authors: Cheryl Overs and Kate Hawkins

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 3):S6

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  19. This article discusses what happens when normative ‘global’ discourses of rights and individuated sexual identity confront the messiness of ‘local’ realities. It considers the tensions that emerge when the rel...

    Authors: Dina M Siddiqi

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 3):S5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  20. Preventable maternal mortality and morbidity have been globally recognized as human rights issues. Maternal mortality in India is among the highest in the world, and reflects inequity in access to healthcare: ...

    Authors: Jashodhara Dasgupta

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 3):S4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  21. In Bangladesh, particularly in urban slums, married adolescent women’s human rights to life, health, and reproductive and sexual health remain adversely affected because of the structural inequalities and poli...

    Authors: Sabina Faiz Rashid

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 3):S3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  22. Modern declarations on human rights have often proceeded without reference to the cultural content of rights, the existence of rights in African indigenous backgrounds, and the embodiment of certain key rights...

    Authors: Chi-Chi Undie and Chimaraoke O Izugbara

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 3):S2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 3

  23. Village AIDS committees (VAC) were formed by the Tanzanian government in 2003 to provide HIV education to their communities. However, their potential has not been realised due to their limited knowledge and mi...

    Authors: Elizabeth J Epsley, Benjamin Nhandi, Alison Wringe, Mark Urassa and Jim Todd

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11:14

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. As countries strive to strengthen their health systems in resource constrained contexts, policy makers need to know how best to improve the performance of their health systems. To aid these decisions, health s...

    Authors: Inez Mikkelsen-Lopez, Kaspar Wyss and Don de Savigny

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11:13

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

  25. Improved availability of antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa is intended to benefit all eligible HIV-infected patients; however in reality antiretroviral services are mainly offered in urban hospitals...

    Authors: Walter Kipp, Joseph Konde-Lule, Tom Rubaale, Joa Okech-Ojony, Arif Alibhai and Duncan L Saunders

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 2):S12

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  26. Nearly 3 million people in resource-poor countries receive antiretrovirals for the treatment of HIV/AIDS, yet millions more require treatment. Key barriers to treatment scale up are shortages of trained health...

    Authors: Sumeet Sodhi, Hastings Banda, Damson Kathyola, Barry Burciul, Sandy Thompson, Martias Joshua, Eric Bateman, Lara Fairall, Alexandra Martiniuk, Ruth Cornick, Gill Faris, Beverley Draper, Martha Mondiwa, Egnat Katengeza, Lifah Sanudi, Merrick Zwarenstein…

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 2):S11

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  27. Nutrition-related chronic diseases (NRCD) are rising quickly in developing countries, and the nutrition transition is a major contributor. Low-income countries have not been spared. Health issues related to nu...

    Authors: Hélène Delisle, Victoire Agueh and Benjamin Fayomi

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 2):S10

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  28. Systems to exempt the indigent from user fees have been put in place to prevent the worst-off from being excluded from health care services for lack of funds. Yet the implementation of these mechanisms is as r...

    Authors: Valéry Ridde, Maurice Yaogo, Yamba Kafando, Kadidiatou Kadio, Moctar Ouedraogo, Marou Sanfo, Norbert Coulibaly, Abel Bicaba and Slim Haddad

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 2):S9

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  29. Globalization has been accompanied by the rapid spread of infectious diseases, and further strain on working conditions for health workers globally. Post-SARS, Canadian occupational health and infection contro...

    Authors: Annalee Yassi, Elizabeth A Bryce, Jaime Breilh, Marie-Claude Lavoie, Lindiwe Ndelu, Karen Lockhart and Jerry Spiegel

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 2):S8

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  30. The Caribbean region, like other developing regions of the world, faces significant challenges in conducting research, especially in the context of limited resource capacities and capabilities. Further, due to...

    Authors: Martin Forde, Karen Morrison, Eric Dewailly, Neela Badrie and Lyndon Robertson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 2):S7

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  31. The use of highly hazardous pesticides by smallholder farmers constitutes a classic trans-sectoral ‘wicked problem’. We share our program of research in potato and vegetable farming communities in the Andean h...

    Authors: Donald C Cole, Fadya Orozco T, Willy Pradel, Jovanny Suquillo, Xavier Mera, Aura Chacon, Gordon Prain, Susitha Wanigaratne and Jessica Leah

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 2):S6

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  32. The Sustainably Managing Environmental Health Risk in Ecuador project was launched in 2004 as a partnership linking a large Canadian university with leading Cuban and Mexican institutes to strengthen the capaciti...

    Authors: Jerry M Spiegel, Jaime Breilh, Efrain Beltran, Jorge Parra, Fernanda Solis, Annalee Yassi, Alejandro Rojas, Elena Orrego, Bonnie Henry, William R Bowie, Laurie Pearce, Juan Gaibor, Patricio Velasquez, Miriam Concepcion and Margot Parkes

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 2):S5

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  33. A key aim of countries with high maternal mortality rates is to increase availability of competent maternal health care during pregnancy and childbirth. Yet, despite significant investment, countries with the ...

    Authors: Zubia Mumtaz, Sarah Salway, Laura Shanner, Afshan Bhatti and Lory Laing

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 2):S4

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  34. Inadequate public action in vulnerable communities is a major constraint for the health of poor and marginalized groups in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). The south Indian state of Kerala, known for r...

    Authors: Slim Haddad, Delampady Narayana and KS Mohindra

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11(Suppl 2):S3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  35. Despite Thailand's official reclassification of drug users as "patients" deserving care and not "criminals," the Thai government has continued to rely heavily on punitive responses to drug use such as "boot ca...

    Authors: Joanne Csete, Karyn Kaplan, Kanna Hayashi, Nadia Fairbairn, Paisan Suwannawong, Ruth Zhang, Evan Wood and Thomas Kerr

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11:12

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Serbia has proclaimed access to healthcare as a human right. In a context wherein the Roma population are disadvantaged, the aim of this study was to assess whether the Roma population are able to effectively ...

    Authors: Leanne Idzerda, Orvill Adams, Jonathan Patrick, Ted Schrecker and Peter Tugwell

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11:10

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. The geographical congruency in distribution of helminths and Plasmodium falciparum makes polyparasitism a common phenomenon in Sub Saharan Africa. The devastating effects of helminths-Plasmodium co-infections on ...

    Authors: Nicholas Midzi, Sekesai Mtapuri-Zinyowera, Davison Sangweme, Noah H Paul, Godfrey Makware, Munyaradzi P Mapingure, Kimberly C Brouwer, James Mudzori, Gibson Hlerema, Vivian Chadukura, Francisca Mutapi, Nirbhay Kumar and Takafira Mduluza

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11:9

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. The onset of menstruation is a landmark event in the life of a young woman. Yet the complications and challenges that can accompany such an event have been understudied, specifically in resource-poor settings....

    Authors: Shannon A McMahon, Peter J Winch, Bethany A Caruso, Alfredo F Obure, Emily A Ogutu, Imelda A Ochari and Richard D Rheingans

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11:7

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. There is a global consensus towards universal access to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) services consequent to the increasing availability of antiretroviral therapy. However, to benefit from these services,...

    Authors: Barnabas N Njozing, Kerstin E Edin, Miguel San Sebastián and Anna-Karin Hurtig

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11:6

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. The war in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo has been the subject of numerous studies related to the problem of sexual violence. Historically, such violence is known to be part of strategic war plans to con...

    Authors: Françoise Duroch, Melissa McRae and Rebecca F Grais

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11:5

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. There is ample evidence in Asia and Latin America showing that past economic crises resulted in cuts in expenditures on health, lower utilization of health services, and deterioration of child and maternal nut...

    Authors: Joses M Kirigia, Benjamin M Nganda, Chris N Mwikisa and Bernardino Cardoso

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11:4

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Nepal is one of the largest suppliers of labour to countries where there is a demand for cheap and low skilled workers. In the recent years the Gulf countries have collectively become the main destinations for...

    Authors: Suresh Joshi, Padam Simkhada and Gordon J Prescott

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. As almost half of all refugees currently under United Nations protection are from Afghanistan or Iraq and significant numbers have already been resettled outside the region of origin, it is likely that future ...

    Authors: Cheryl MR Sulaiman-Hill and Sandra C Thompson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2011 11:2

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: