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  1. Despite rapid and tangible progress in vaccine coverage and in premature mortality rates registered in sub-Saharan Africa, inequities to access remain firmly entrenched, large pockets of low vaccination covera...

    Authors: Slim Haddad, Abel Bicaba, Marta Feletto, Elie Taminy, Moussa Kabore, Boubacar Ouédraogo, Gisèle Contreras, Renée Larocque and Pierre Fournier

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  2. Despite the efforts of health authorities, vaccination coverage of targeted child populations is still poor in many regions. Parents' reticence has been identified as one cause of this situation. However, ther...

    Authors: Léonard Fourn, Slim Haddad, Pierre Fournier and Roméo Gansey

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S14

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  3. The greatest challenge facing expanded programs on immunization in general, and in Burkina Faso in particular, lies in their capacity to achieve and sustain levels of immunization coverage that will ensure eff...

    Authors: Abel Bicaba, Slim Haddad, Moussa Kabore, Emile Taminy, Marta Feletto and Pierre Fournier

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  4. One of the most common barriers to improving immunization coverage rates is human resources and its management. In the Republic of Georgia, a country where widespread health care reforms have taken place over ...

    Authors: Mamuka Djibuti, George Gotsadze, Akaki Zoidze, George Mataradze, Laura C Esmail and Jillian Clare Kohler

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  5. The Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) is still in need of improvement. In Burkina Faso in 2003, for example, the Nouna health district had an immunization coverage rate of 31.5%, compared to the national ...

    Authors: Aboubakary Sanou, Seraphin Simboro, Bocar Kouyaté, Marylène Dugas, Janice Graham and Gilles Bibeau

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  6. The global recognition of vaccination is strongly related to the fact that it has proved in the past able to dramatically reduce the incidence of certain diseases. Nevertheless, reactions regarding the practic...

    Authors: Marylène Dugas, Eric Dubé, Bocar Kouyaté, Aboubakary Sanou and Gilles Bibeau

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  7. Childhood vaccination rates are low in Lasbela, one of the poorest districts in Pakistan's Balochistan province. This randomised cluster controlled trial tested the effect on uptake of informed discussion of v...

    Authors: Neil Andersson, Anne Cockcroft, Noor M Ansari, Khalid Omer, Manzoor Baloch, Ari Ho Foster, Bev Shea, George A Wells and José Legorreta Soberanis

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  8. Achieving equity means increased uptake of health services for those who need it most. But the poorest families continue to have the poorest service. In Pakistan, large numbers of children do not access vaccin...

    Authors: Steven Mitchell, Neil Andersson, Noor Mohammad Ansari, Khalid Omer, José Legorreta Soberanis and Anne Cockcroft

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  9. In preparation for a cluster-randomized controlled trial of a community intervention to increase the demand for measles vaccination in Lasbela district of Pakistan, a balance sheet summarized published evidenc...

    Authors: Robert J Ledogar, John Fleming and Neil Andersson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  10. Attempts to maintain or increase vaccination coverage almost all focus on supply side interventions: improving availability and delivery of vaccines. The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of efforts to incr...

    Authors: Beverley Shea, Neil Andersson and David Henry

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S5

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  11. Rates of childhood vaccination in Pakistan remain low.There is continuing debate about the role of consumer and service factors in determining levels of vaccination in developing countries.

    Authors: Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson, Khalid Omer, Noor M Ansari, Amir Khan, Ubaid Ullah Chaudhry and Umaira Ansari

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  12. A variety of studies have considered the affects of India's son preference on gender differences in child mortality, sex ratio at birth, and access to health services. Less research has focused on the affects ...

    Authors: Daniel J Corsi, Diego G Bassani, Rajesh Kumar, Shally Awasthi, Raju Jotkar, Navkiran Kaur and Prabhat Jha

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  13. Vaccines have made a major contribution to public health, including the eradication of one deadly disease, small pox, and the near eradication of another, poliomyelitis.Through the introduction of new vaccines...

    Authors: Philippe Duclos, Jean-Marie Okwo-Bele, Marta Gacic-Dobo and Thomas Cherian

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S2

    Content type: Opinion

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  14. Drug policy in Thailand has relied heavily on law enforcement-based approaches. Qualitative reports indicate that police in Thailand have resorted to planting drugs on suspected drug users to extort money or p...

    Authors: Nadia Fairbairn, Karyn Kaplan, Kanna Hayashi, Paisan Suwannawong, Calvin Lai, Evan Wood and Thomas Kerr

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:24

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. In 1987, a prospective study of an Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort was established focusing on the relationships of fetal and childhood growth with the risk of chronic adult disease. However as the study is...

    Authors: Susan Sayers, Gurmeet Singh, Dorothy Mackerras, Megan Lawrance, Wendy Gunthorpe, Lisa Jamieson, Belinda Davison, Kobi Schutz and Joseph Fitz

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:23

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Once effective therapy for a previously untreatable condition is made available, a normalisation of the disease often occurs. As part of a broader initiative to monitor the implementation of the national antir...

    Authors: Maria Roura, Alison Wringe, Joanna Busza, Benjamin Nhandi, Doris Mbata, Basia Zaba and Mark Urassa

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:22

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Malaria places a great burden on households, but the extent to which this is tilted against the poor is unclear. However, the knowledge of the level of the burden of malaria amongst different population groups...

    Authors: Nkolika P Uguru, Obinna E Onwujekwe, Benjamin S Uzochukwu, Godwin C Igiliegbe and Soludo B Eze

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:21

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. There is considerable interest at present in exploring the potential of social health insurance to increase access to and affordability of health care in Africa. A number of countries are currently experimenti...

    Authors: Sophie Witter and Bertha Garshong

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:20

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. The importance of human rights education has widely been recognized as one of the strategies for their protection and promotion of health. Yet training programs have not always taken into account neither local...

    Authors: Philippe Chastonay, Axel Max Klohn, Véronique Zesiger, Franziska Freigburghaus and Emmanuel Kabengele Mpinga

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:19

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Public acceptance of genetically modified crops is partly rooted in religious views. However, the views of different religions and their potential influence on consumers' decisions have not been systematically...

    Authors: Emmanuel B Omobowale, Peter A Singer and Abdallah S Daar

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:18

    Content type: Debate

    Published on:

  21. Women living in every country, irrespective of its development status, have been facing the problem of unintended pregnancy. Unintended pregnancy is an important public health issue in both developing and deve...

    Authors: Ramesh Adhikari, Kusol Soonthorndhada and Pramote Prasartkul

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:17

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. On the 26th December 2004 the Asian tsunami devastated the Sri Lankan coastline. More than two years later, over 14,500 families were still living in transitional shelters. This study compares the health of the i...

    Authors: Alex Turner, Sameera Pathirana, Amanda Daley and Paramjit S Gill

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:16

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Reproductive technologies have been extensively debated in the literature. As well, feminist economists, environmentalists, and agriculturalists have generated substantial debate and literature on gender. Howe...

    Authors: Jerome Amir Singh, Sunita Bandewar and Peter A Singer

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:15

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

  24. Violence against women, especially by intimate partners, is a serious public health problem that is associated with physical, reproductive and mental health consequences. Even though most societies proscribe v...

    Authors: Olalekan A Uthman, Stephen Lawoko and Tahereh Moradi

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:14

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. The need to scale up treatment for HIV/AIDS has led to a revival in community health workers to help alleviate the health human resource crisis in sub-Saharan Africa. Community health workers have been employe...

    Authors: Sandrine Simon, Kathryn Chu, Marthe Frieden, Baltazar Candrinho, Nathan Ford, Helen Schneider and Marc Biot

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:13

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

  26. The Niger Delta region of Nigeria has been undergoing collective violence for over 25 years, which has constituted a major public health problem. The objectives of this study were to investigate the predictors...

    Authors: Diddy Antai and Justina Antai

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:12

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. The prevalence of methamphetamine use and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence are high in lowland Thai society. Despite increasing social and cultural mixing among residents of highland and lowland Th...

    Authors: Eiko Kobori, Surasing Visrutaratna, Yuko Maeda, Siriporn Wongchai, Akiko Kada, Masako Ono-Kihara, Yoko Hayami and Masahiro Kihara

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:11

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Kenya is a major public-health problem. Estimating the prevalence of HIV in pregnant women provides essential information for an effective implementation of HIV/AIDS control measures a...

    Authors: Michael Kiptoo, Solomon Mpoke, Zipporah Ng'ang'a, Jones Mueke, Fredrick Okoth and Elijah Songok

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:10

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The implementation of decentralisation reforms in the health sector of Tanzania started in the 1980s. These reforms were intended to relinquish substantial powers and resources to districts to improve the deve...

    Authors: Michael A Munga, Nils Gunnar Songstad, Astrid Blystad and Ottar Mæstad

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:9

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. In 2007, various countries around the world notified 178677 cases of cholera and 4033 cholera deaths to the World Health Organization (WHO). About 62% of those cases and 56.7% of deaths were reported from the ...

    Authors: Joses M Kirigia, Luis G Sambo, Allarangar Yokouide, Edoh Soumbey-Alley, Lenity K Muthuri and Doris G Kirigia

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:8

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Traditional birth attendants (TBAs) are likely to deliver lower quality maternity care compared to professional health workers. It is important to characterize women who are assisted by TBAs in order to design...

    Authors: Seter Siziya, Adamson S Muula and Emmanuel Rudatsikira

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:7

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. In 2000, the prevalence of diabetes among the 46 countries of the WHO African Region was estimated at 7.02 million people. Evidence from North America, Europe, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean indicates t...

    Authors: Joses M Kirigia, Hama B Sambo, Luis G Sambo and Saidou P Barry

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:6

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. World wide, there is plentiful evidence regarding the role of stigma in mental illness, as well as the association between poverty and mental illness. The experiences of stigma catalyzed by poverty revolve aro...

    Authors: Joshua Ssebunnya, Fred Kigozi, Crick Lund, Dorothy Kizza and Elialilia Okello

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:5

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Over the last decade, utilization of ultrasound technology by non-radiologist physicians has grown. Recent advances in affordability, durability, and portability have brought ultrasound to the forefront as a s...

    Authors: Sachita P Shah, Henry Epino, Gene Bukhman, Irenee Umulisa, JMV Dushimiyimana, Andrew Reichman and Vicki E Noble

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:4

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. This paper has its origins in Jonathan Mann's insight that the experience of dignity may explain the reciprocal relationships between health and human rights. It follows his call for a taxonomy of dignity: "a ...

    Authors: Nora Jacobson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. The prevalence of Coronary Atherosclerotic Heart Disease (CASHD) is increasing in India. Several modifiable risk factors contribute directly to this disease burden. Public knowledge of such risk factors among ...

    Authors: Omar Saeed, Vineet Gupta, Naveen Dhawan, Leanne Streja, John S Shin, Melvin Ku, Sanjeev Bhoi and Sanjay Verma

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:2

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Human rights violations have adverse consequences for health. However, to date, there remains little empirical evidence documenting this association, beyond the obvious physical and psychological effects of to...

    Authors: Vanessa Johnston, Pascale Allotey, Kim Mulholland and Milica Markovic

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:1

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Until recently, young people in Kazakhstan have been only moderately affected by the global HIV epidemic. Today, however, the HIV epidemic in Central Asia is one of the most rapidly increasing epidemics in the...

    Authors: Marit Hansson, Leo Stockfelt, Marat Urazalin, Clas Ahlm and Rune Andersson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:14

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Under the "two countries, one system" policy implemented by China to manage the return of Hong Kong's sovereignty, Hong Kong has maintained a comparatively prosperous economy within the Asian region. This has ...

    Authors: William CW Wong, Eleanor Holroyd, Emily Y Chan, Sian Griffiths and Amie Bingham

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:13

    Content type: Debate

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  40. The main killer diseases of children all manifest as acute febrile illness, yet are curable with timely and adequate management. To avoid a fatal outcome, three essential steps must be completed: caretakers mu...

    Authors: Helena Hildenwall, Göran Tomson, Judith Kaija, George Pariyo and Stefan Peterson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:12

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) has been used to analyze the efficiency of the health sector in the developed world for sometime now. However, in developing economies and particularly in Africa only a few stud...

    Authors: James Akazili, Martin Adjuik, Caroline Jehu-Appiah and Eyob Zere

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:11

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The burning of biomass fuels results in exposure to high levels of indoor air pollution, with consequent health effects. Possible interventions to reduce the exposure include changing cooking practices and int...

    Authors: M Edelstein, E Pitchforth, G Asres, M Silverman and N Kulkarni

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:10

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Nigeria is home to more people living with HIV than any other country in the world, except South Africa and India – where an estimated 2.9 million [1.7 million – 4.2 million] people were living with the virus ...

    Authors: Olalekan A Uthman and Eugene J Kongnyuy

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:9

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Many refugees live for years in exile. The combination of stress in the host country, together with long-term effects resulting from traumatic stress usually experienced in the home country may affect mental h...

    Authors: Ulrike von Lersner, Ulrike Wiens, Thomas Elbert and Frank Neuner

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:8

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Indoor air pollution (IAP) from solid fuels is a serious health problem in low-income countries that can be alleviated using improved stoves. Although women are the principal users, few studies have investigat...

    Authors: Esperanza Díaz, Nigel Bruce, Dan Pope, Anaité Díaz, Kirk R Smith and Tone Smith-Sivertsen

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:7

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The health status and lifestyle of migrants is often poorer than that of the general population of their host countries. The Nepalese represent a relatively small, but growing, immigrant community in the UK, a...

    Authors: Pratik Adhikary, Padam P Simkhada, Edwin R van Teijlingen and Amalraj E Raja

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:6

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Costa Rica, like other developing countries, is experiencing an increasing burden of chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus (DM), especially among its elderly population. This article has two goals: (1) ...

    Authors: Gilbert Brenes-Camacho and Luis Rosero-Bixby

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:5

    Content type: Research article

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  48. In order to improve child survival there is a need to target neonatal mortality. In this pursuit, valid local and national statistics on child health are essential. We analyze to what extent births and neonata...

    Authors: Mats Målqvist, Leif Eriksson, Nguyen Thu Nga, Linn Irene Fagerland, Dinh Phuong Hoa, Lars Wallin, Uwe Ewald and Lars-Åke Persson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:4

    Content type: Research article

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  49. This paper presents the methodology and findings from a proof-of-concept study undertaken to explore the viability of conducting a systematic, largely qualitative synthesis of evaluation reports emanating from...

    Authors: Pim Kuipers, Sheila Wirz and Sally Hartley

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: