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  1. Few large and rigorous evaluations of participatory interventions systematically describe their context and implementation, or attempt to explain the mechanisms behind their impact. This study reports process ...

    Authors: Suchitra Rath, Nirmala Nair, Prasanta K Tripathy, Sarah Barnett, Shibanand Rath, Rajendra Mahapatra, Rajkumar Gope, Aparna Bajpai, Rajesh Sinha, Anthony Costello and Audrey Prost

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:25

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Cancer is a rapidly increasing problem in developing countries. Access, quality and efficiency of cancer services in developing countries must be understood to advance effective cancer control programs. Health...

    Authors: Timothy P Hanna and Alfred CT Kangolle

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:24

    Content type: Debate

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  3. HIV testing with counseling is an integral component of most national HIV and AIDS prevention strategies in southern Africa. Equity in testing implies that people at higher risk for HIV such as women; those wh...

    Authors: Steven Mitchell, Anne Cockcroft, Gilles Lamothe and Neil Andersson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:23

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The success of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative was remarkable, but four countries - Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Nigeria - never interrupted polio transmission. Pakistan reportedly achieved all mil...

    Authors: Muhammad Umair Mushtaq, Ubeera Shahid, Muhammad Ashraf Majrooh, Mushtaq Ahmad Shad, Arif Mahmood Siddiqui and Javed Akram

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:22

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Many articles have been written on conflicts of interests (COIs) in fields such as medicine, business, politics, public service and education. With the growing abundance of Public Private Partnerships (PPPs), ...

    Authors: Emmanuel B Omobowale, Michael Kuziw, Melinda Treurnicht Naylor, Abdallah S Daar and Peter A Singer

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:19

    Content type: Debate

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  6. Bangladesh is one of the health workforce crisis countries in the world. In the face of an acute shortage of trained professionals, ensuring healthcare for a population of 150 million remains a major challenge...

    Authors: Shehrin S Mahmood, Mohammad Iqbal, S M A Hanifi, Tania Wahed and Abbas Bhuiya

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:18

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The amount and identity of metals incorporated into "weapons without fragments" remain undisclosed to health personnel. This poses a long-term risk of assumption and contributes to additional hazards for victi...

    Authors: Sobhi Skaik, Nafiz Abu-Shaban, Nasser Abu-Shaban, Mario Barbieri, Maurizio Barbieri, Umberto Giani and Paola Manduca

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:17

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Since 2004, the government of Ethiopia has made a bold decision to strengthen and expand its primary health care system by launching the Health Extension Program (HEP). While the scaling up of the HEP is neces...

    Authors: Miguel San Sebastian and Hailemariam Lemma

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:16

    Content type: Research article

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  9. A legacy of colonial rule coupled with a devastating 16-year civil war through 1992 left Mozambique economically impoverished just as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic swept over southern Africa ...

    Authors: Carolyn M Audet, Janeen Burlison, Troy D Moon, Mohsin Sidat, Alfredo E Vergara and Sten H Vermund

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:15

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Nepal has seen substantial improvements in its reproductive health outcomes, but infant and child mortality are still high. This study attempts to examine the prevalence and factors influencing the experience ...

    Authors: Ramesh Adhikari and Chai Podhisita

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:13

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Adolescent pregnancies are a common phenomenon that can have both positive and negative consequences. The rights framework allows us to explore adolescent pregnancies not just as isolated events, but in relati...

    Authors: Isabel Goicolea, Marianne Wulff, Miguel San Sebastian and Ann Öhman

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:12

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The "right to health," including access to basic healthcare, has been recognized as a universal human right through a number of international agreements. Attempts to protect this ideal, however, have relied on...

    Authors: Lindsey N Kingston, Elizabeth F Cohen and Christopher P Morley

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:11

    Content type: Debate

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  13. In 2008, approximately 8.8 million children under 5 years of age died worldwide. Most of these deaths occurred in developing countries, but little is known about poor mothers' care-seeking behaviors for their ...

    Authors: Kayako Sakisaka, Masamine Jimba and Kyo Hanada

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:10

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In recent years, the field of vaccines for diseases such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which take a heavy toll in developing countries has faced major failures. This has led to a call for more basic sc...

    Authors: Anant Bhan, Peter A Singer and Abdallah S Daar

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:8

    Content type: Debate

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  15. Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease with a significant public health impact especially among displaced populations due to their characteristic mass population displacement, high population densit...

    Authors: Isidore K Kouadio, Taro Kamigaki and Hitoshi Oshitani

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:5

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) is an important component of national HIV programs, which are necessary to realize the right to health. VCT data also provide valuable information on regional HIV epidem...

    Authors: Fiona G Kouyoumdjian, Alhassan L Seisay, Brima Kargbo and Sheik H Khan

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:4

    Content type: Research article

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  17. HIV-awareness programs tailored toward the needs of rural communities are needed. We sought to quantify change in HIV knowledge in three rural Nigerian villages following an integrated culturally adapted and t...

    Authors: Ighovwerha Ofotokun, Jose Nilo G Binongo, Eli S Rosenberg, Michael Kane, Rick Ifland, Jeffrey L Lennox and Kirk A Easley

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:2

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In September 2003, the Canadian government committed to developing legislation that would facilitate greater access to affordable medicines for developing countries. Over the course of eight months, the legisl...

    Authors: Laura C Esmail, Kaye Phillips, Victoria Kuek, Andrea Perez Cosio and Jillian Clare Kohler

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:1

    Content type: Correspondence

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  19. Organised crime and political violence (OPV) and human rights violations have marred Bangladesh history since 1971. Little is known about the consequences for the oppressed population. This study describes the...

    Authors: Shr-Jie Wang, Mohammad Akramul Haque, Saber-ud-Daula Masum, Shuvodwip Biswas and Jens Modvig

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:31

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Despite a growing body of research from the United States and other industrialized countries on the inverse association between supportive social relationships in the school and youth risk behavior engagement,...

    Authors: Andrew E Springer, Amy McQueen, Guillermo Quintanilla, Marcela Arrivillaga and Michael W Ross

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:30

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The ruling parties in Bangladesh have systematically used violence against political opponents and criminals. It is essential to 1) determine the magnitude and burden of organised crime and political violence ...

    Authors: Shr-Jie Wang, Jens Modvig and Edith Montgomery

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:29

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Mortality of children under the age of five remains one of the most important public health challenges in developing countries. In rural settings, the promotion of household and community health practices thro...

    Authors: Freddy Perez, Hamady Ba, Sayed G Dastagire and Mathias Altmann

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:28

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Mental health is neglected in most parts of the world. For the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America, the plight is even more severe as there are no specific mental health services designed for them altogether. ...

    Authors: Mario Incayawar and Sioui Maldonado-Bouchard

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:27

    Content type: Correspondence

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  24. In Africa, an estimated 300-500 million cases of malaria occur each year resulting in approximately 1 million deaths. More than 90% of these are in children under 5 years of age. To identify commonly held beli...

    Authors: David M Maslove, Anisa Mnyusiwalla, Edward J Mills, Jessie McGowan, Amir Attaran and Kumanan Wilson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:26

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Despite rapid and tangible progress in vaccine coverage and in premature mortality rates registered in sub-Saharan Africa, inequities to access remain firmly entrenched, large pockets of low vaccination covera...

    Authors: Slim Haddad, Abel Bicaba, Marta Feletto, Elie Taminy, Moussa Kabore, Boubacar Ouédraogo, Gisèle Contreras, Renée Larocque and Pierre Fournier

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S15

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  26. Despite the efforts of health authorities, vaccination coverage of targeted child populations is still poor in many regions. Parents' reticence has been identified as one cause of this situation. However, ther...

    Authors: Léonard Fourn, Slim Haddad, Pierre Fournier and Roméo Gansey

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S14

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  27. In 1986, the Government of Mali launched its Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) with the goal of vaccinating, within five years, 80% of all children under the age of five against six target diseases: dipht...

    Authors: Abdel Karim Koumaré, Drissa Traore, Fatouma Haidara, Filifing Sissoko, Issa Traoré, Sékou Dramé, Karim Sangaré, Karim Diakité, Bréhima Coulibaly, Birama Togola and Aguissa Maïga

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S13

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  28. The greatest challenge facing expanded programs on immunization in general, and in Burkina Faso in particular, lies in their capacity to achieve and sustain levels of immunization coverage that will ensure eff...

    Authors: Abel Bicaba, Slim Haddad, Moussa Kabore, Emile Taminy, Marta Feletto and Pierre Fournier

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S12

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  29. One of the most common barriers to improving immunization coverage rates is human resources and its management. In the Republic of Georgia, a country where widespread health care reforms have taken place over ...

    Authors: Mamuka Djibuti, George Gotsadze, Akaki Zoidze, George Mataradze, Laura C Esmail and Jillian Clare Kohler

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  30. The Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) is still in need of improvement. In Burkina Faso in 2003, for example, the Nouna health district had an immunization coverage rate of 31.5%, compared to the national ...

    Authors: Aboubakary Sanou, Seraphin Simboro, Bocar Kouyaté, Marylène Dugas, Janice Graham and Gilles Bibeau

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  31. The global recognition of vaccination is strongly related to the fact that it has proved in the past able to dramatically reduce the incidence of certain diseases. Nevertheless, reactions regarding the practic...

    Authors: Marylène Dugas, Eric Dubé, Bocar Kouyaté, Aboubakary Sanou and Gilles Bibeau

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S9

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  32. Childhood vaccination rates are low in Lasbela, one of the poorest districts in Pakistan's Balochistan province. This randomised cluster controlled trial tested the effect on uptake of informed discussion of v...

    Authors: Neil Andersson, Anne Cockcroft, Noor M Ansari, Khalid Omer, Manzoor Baloch, Ari Ho Foster, Bev Shea, George A Wells and José Legorreta Soberanis

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  33. Achieving equity means increased uptake of health services for those who need it most. But the poorest families continue to have the poorest service. In Pakistan, large numbers of children do not access vaccin...

    Authors: Steven Mitchell, Neil Andersson, Noor Mohammad Ansari, Khalid Omer, José Legorreta Soberanis and Anne Cockcroft

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  34. In preparation for a cluster-randomized controlled trial of a community intervention to increase the demand for measles vaccination in Lasbela district of Pakistan, a balance sheet summarized published evidenc...

    Authors: Robert J Ledogar, John Fleming and Neil Andersson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S6

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  35. Attempts to maintain or increase vaccination coverage almost all focus on supply side interventions: improving availability and delivery of vaccines. The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of efforts to incr...

    Authors: Beverley Shea, Neil Andersson and David Henry

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S5

    Content type: Systematic review

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  36. Rates of childhood vaccination in Pakistan remain low.There is continuing debate about the role of consumer and service factors in determining levels of vaccination in developing countries.

    Authors: Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson, Khalid Omer, Noor M Ansari, Amir Khan, Ubaid Ullah Chaudhry and Umaira Ansari

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S4

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  37. A variety of studies have considered the affects of India's son preference on gender differences in child mortality, sex ratio at birth, and access to health services. Less research has focused on the affects ...

    Authors: Daniel J Corsi, Diego G Bassani, Rajesh Kumar, Shally Awasthi, Raju Jotkar, Navkiran Kaur and Prabhat Jha

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S3

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  38. Vaccines have made a major contribution to public health, including the eradication of one deadly disease, small pox, and the near eradication of another, poliomyelitis.Through the introduction of new vaccines...

    Authors: Philippe Duclos, Jean-Marie Okwo-Bele, Marta Gacic-Dobo and Thomas Cherian

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S2

    Content type: Opinion

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  39. Immunization can and does save lives. However, the presence of vaccines does not easily translate into every child being vaccinated, and this is what the studies in this journal supplement reveal. From South A...

    Authors: Sharmila L Mhatre and Anne-Marie Schryer-Roy

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S1

    Content type: Introduction

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  40. Drug policy in Thailand has relied heavily on law enforcement-based approaches. Qualitative reports indicate that police in Thailand have resorted to planting drugs on suspected drug users to extort money or p...

    Authors: Nadia Fairbairn, Karyn Kaplan, Kanna Hayashi, Paisan Suwannawong, Calvin Lai, Evan Wood and Thomas Kerr

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:24

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In 1987, a prospective study of an Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort was established focusing on the relationships of fetal and childhood growth with the risk of chronic adult disease. However as the study is...

    Authors: Susan Sayers, Gurmeet Singh, Dorothy Mackerras, Megan Lawrance, Wendy Gunthorpe, Lisa Jamieson, Belinda Davison, Kobi Schutz and Joseph Fitz

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:23

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Once effective therapy for a previously untreatable condition is made available, a normalisation of the disease often occurs. As part of a broader initiative to monitor the implementation of the national antir...

    Authors: Maria Roura, Alison Wringe, Joanna Busza, Benjamin Nhandi, Doris Mbata, Basia Zaba and Mark Urassa

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:22

    Content type: Research article

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