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  1. In recent years, the field of vaccines for diseases such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which take a heavy toll in developing countries has faced major failures. This has led to a call for more basic sc...

    Authors: Anant Bhan, Peter A Singer and Abdallah S Daar

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:8

    Content type: Debate

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  2. Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease with a significant public health impact especially among displaced populations due to their characteristic mass population displacement, high population densit...

    Authors: Isidore K Kouadio, Taro Kamigaki and Hitoshi Oshitani

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:5

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) is an important component of national HIV programs, which are necessary to realize the right to health. VCT data also provide valuable information on regional HIV epidem...

    Authors: Fiona G Kouyoumdjian, Alhassan L Seisay, Brima Kargbo and Sheik H Khan

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:4

    Content type: Research article

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  4. HIV-awareness programs tailored toward the needs of rural communities are needed. We sought to quantify change in HIV knowledge in three rural Nigerian villages following an integrated culturally adapted and t...

    Authors: Ighovwerha Ofotokun, Jose Nilo G Binongo, Eli S Rosenberg, Michael Kane, Rick Ifland, Jeffrey L Lennox and Kirk A Easley

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:2

    Content type: Research article

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  5. In September 2003, the Canadian government committed to developing legislation that would facilitate greater access to affordable medicines for developing countries. Over the course of eight months, the legisl...

    Authors: Laura C Esmail, Kaye Phillips, Victoria Kuek, Andrea Perez Cosio and Jillian Clare Kohler

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2010 10:1

    Content type: Correspondence

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  6. Organised crime and political violence (OPV) and human rights violations have marred Bangladesh history since 1971. Little is known about the consequences for the oppressed population. This study describes the...

    Authors: Shr-Jie Wang, Mohammad Akramul Haque, Saber-ud-Daula Masum, Shuvodwip Biswas and Jens Modvig

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:31

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Despite a growing body of research from the United States and other industrialized countries on the inverse association between supportive social relationships in the school and youth risk behavior engagement,...

    Authors: Andrew E Springer, Amy McQueen, Guillermo Quintanilla, Marcela Arrivillaga and Michael W Ross

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:30

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The ruling parties in Bangladesh have systematically used violence against political opponents and criminals. It is essential to 1) determine the magnitude and burden of organised crime and political violence ...

    Authors: Shr-Jie Wang, Jens Modvig and Edith Montgomery

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:29

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Mortality of children under the age of five remains one of the most important public health challenges in developing countries. In rural settings, the promotion of household and community health practices thro...

    Authors: Freddy Perez, Hamady Ba, Sayed G Dastagire and Mathias Altmann

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:28

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Mental health is neglected in most parts of the world. For the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America, the plight is even more severe as there are no specific mental health services designed for them altogether. ...

    Authors: Mario Incayawar and Sioui Maldonado-Bouchard

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:27

    Content type: Correspondence

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  11. In Africa, an estimated 300-500 million cases of malaria occur each year resulting in approximately 1 million deaths. More than 90% of these are in children under 5 years of age. To identify commonly held beli...

    Authors: David M Maslove, Anisa Mnyusiwalla, Edward J Mills, Jessie McGowan, Amir Attaran and Kumanan Wilson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:26

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Despite rapid and tangible progress in vaccine coverage and in premature mortality rates registered in sub-Saharan Africa, inequities to access remain firmly entrenched, large pockets of low vaccination covera...

    Authors: Slim Haddad, Abel Bicaba, Marta Feletto, Elie Taminy, Moussa Kabore, Boubacar Ouédraogo, Gisèle Contreras, Renée Larocque and Pierre Fournier

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S15

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  13. Despite the efforts of health authorities, vaccination coverage of targeted child populations is still poor in many regions. Parents' reticence has been identified as one cause of this situation. However, ther...

    Authors: Léonard Fourn, Slim Haddad, Pierre Fournier and Roméo Gansey

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S14

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  14. In 1986, the Government of Mali launched its Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) with the goal of vaccinating, within five years, 80% of all children under the age of five against six target diseases: dipht...

    Authors: Abdel Karim Koumaré, Drissa Traore, Fatouma Haidara, Filifing Sissoko, Issa Traoré, Sékou Dramé, Karim Sangaré, Karim Diakité, Bréhima Coulibaly, Birama Togola and Aguissa Maïga

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S13

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  15. The greatest challenge facing expanded programs on immunization in general, and in Burkina Faso in particular, lies in their capacity to achieve and sustain levels of immunization coverage that will ensure eff...

    Authors: Abel Bicaba, Slim Haddad, Moussa Kabore, Emile Taminy, Marta Feletto and Pierre Fournier

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S12

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  16. One of the most common barriers to improving immunization coverage rates is human resources and its management. In the Republic of Georgia, a country where widespread health care reforms have taken place over ...

    Authors: Mamuka Djibuti, George Gotsadze, Akaki Zoidze, George Mataradze, Laura C Esmail and Jillian Clare Kohler

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S11

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  17. The Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) is still in need of improvement. In Burkina Faso in 2003, for example, the Nouna health district had an immunization coverage rate of 31.5%, compared to the national ...

    Authors: Aboubakary Sanou, Seraphin Simboro, Bocar Kouyaté, Marylène Dugas, Janice Graham and Gilles Bibeau

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S10

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  18. The global recognition of vaccination is strongly related to the fact that it has proved in the past able to dramatically reduce the incidence of certain diseases. Nevertheless, reactions regarding the practic...

    Authors: Marylène Dugas, Eric Dubé, Bocar Kouyaté, Aboubakary Sanou and Gilles Bibeau

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S9

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  19. Childhood vaccination rates are low in Lasbela, one of the poorest districts in Pakistan's Balochistan province. This randomised cluster controlled trial tested the effect on uptake of informed discussion of v...

    Authors: Neil Andersson, Anne Cockcroft, Noor M Ansari, Khalid Omer, Manzoor Baloch, Ari Ho Foster, Bev Shea, George A Wells and José Legorreta Soberanis

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S8

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  20. Achieving equity means increased uptake of health services for those who need it most. But the poorest families continue to have the poorest service. In Pakistan, large numbers of children do not access vaccin...

    Authors: Steven Mitchell, Neil Andersson, Noor Mohammad Ansari, Khalid Omer, José Legorreta Soberanis and Anne Cockcroft

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S7

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  21. In preparation for a cluster-randomized controlled trial of a community intervention to increase the demand for measles vaccination in Lasbela district of Pakistan, a balance sheet summarized published evidenc...

    Authors: Robert J Ledogar, John Fleming and Neil Andersson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S6

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  22. Attempts to maintain or increase vaccination coverage almost all focus on supply side interventions: improving availability and delivery of vaccines. The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of efforts to incr...

    Authors: Beverley Shea, Neil Andersson and David Henry

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S5

    Content type: Systematic review

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  23. Rates of childhood vaccination in Pakistan remain low.There is continuing debate about the role of consumer and service factors in determining levels of vaccination in developing countries.

    Authors: Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson, Khalid Omer, Noor M Ansari, Amir Khan, Ubaid Ullah Chaudhry and Umaira Ansari

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S4

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  24. A variety of studies have considered the affects of India's son preference on gender differences in child mortality, sex ratio at birth, and access to health services. Less research has focused on the affects ...

    Authors: Daniel J Corsi, Diego G Bassani, Rajesh Kumar, Shally Awasthi, Raju Jotkar, Navkiran Kaur and Prabhat Jha

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S3

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  25. Vaccines have made a major contribution to public health, including the eradication of one deadly disease, small pox, and the near eradication of another, poliomyelitis.Through the introduction of new vaccines...

    Authors: Philippe Duclos, Jean-Marie Okwo-Bele, Marta Gacic-Dobo and Thomas Cherian

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S2

    Content type: Opinion

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  26. Immunization can and does save lives. However, the presence of vaccines does not easily translate into every child being vaccinated, and this is what the studies in this journal supplement reveal. From South A...

    Authors: Sharmila L Mhatre and Anne-Marie Schryer-Roy

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S1

    Content type: Introduction

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  27. Drug policy in Thailand has relied heavily on law enforcement-based approaches. Qualitative reports indicate that police in Thailand have resorted to planting drugs on suspected drug users to extort money or p...

    Authors: Nadia Fairbairn, Karyn Kaplan, Kanna Hayashi, Paisan Suwannawong, Calvin Lai, Evan Wood and Thomas Kerr

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:24

    Content type: Research article

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  28. In 1987, a prospective study of an Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort was established focusing on the relationships of fetal and childhood growth with the risk of chronic adult disease. However as the study is...

    Authors: Susan Sayers, Gurmeet Singh, Dorothy Mackerras, Megan Lawrance, Wendy Gunthorpe, Lisa Jamieson, Belinda Davison, Kobi Schutz and Joseph Fitz

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:23

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Once effective therapy for a previously untreatable condition is made available, a normalisation of the disease often occurs. As part of a broader initiative to monitor the implementation of the national antir...

    Authors: Maria Roura, Alison Wringe, Joanna Busza, Benjamin Nhandi, Doris Mbata, Basia Zaba and Mark Urassa

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:22

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Malaria places a great burden on households, but the extent to which this is tilted against the poor is unclear. However, the knowledge of the level of the burden of malaria amongst different population groups...

    Authors: Nkolika P Uguru, Obinna E Onwujekwe, Benjamin S Uzochukwu, Godwin C Igiliegbe and Soludo B Eze

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:21

    Content type: Research article

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  31. There is considerable interest at present in exploring the potential of social health insurance to increase access to and affordability of health care in Africa. A number of countries are currently experimenti...

    Authors: Sophie Witter and Bertha Garshong

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:20

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The importance of human rights education has widely been recognized as one of the strategies for their protection and promotion of health. Yet training programs have not always taken into account neither local...

    Authors: Philippe Chastonay, Axel Max Klohn, Véronique Zesiger, Franziska Freigburghaus and Emmanuel Kabengele Mpinga

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:19

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Public acceptance of genetically modified crops is partly rooted in religious views. However, the views of different religions and their potential influence on consumers' decisions have not been systematically...

    Authors: Emmanuel B Omobowale, Peter A Singer and Abdallah S Daar

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:18

    Content type: Debate

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  34. Women living in every country, irrespective of its development status, have been facing the problem of unintended pregnancy. Unintended pregnancy is an important public health issue in both developing and deve...

    Authors: Ramesh Adhikari, Kusol Soonthorndhada and Pramote Prasartkul

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:17

    Content type: Research article

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  35. On the 26th December 2004 the Asian tsunami devastated the Sri Lankan coastline. More than two years later, over 14,500 families were still living in transitional shelters. This study compares the health of the i...

    Authors: Alex Turner, Sameera Pathirana, Amanda Daley and Paramjit S Gill

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:16

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Reproductive technologies have been extensively debated in the literature. As well, feminist economists, environmentalists, and agriculturalists have generated substantial debate and literature on gender. Howe...

    Authors: Jerome Amir Singh, Sunita Bandewar and Peter A Singer

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:15

    Content type: Correspondence

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  37. Violence against women, especially by intimate partners, is a serious public health problem that is associated with physical, reproductive and mental health consequences. Even though most societies proscribe v...

    Authors: Olalekan A Uthman, Stephen Lawoko and Tahereh Moradi

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:14

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The need to scale up treatment for HIV/AIDS has led to a revival in community health workers to help alleviate the health human resource crisis in sub-Saharan Africa. Community health workers have been employe...

    Authors: Sandrine Simon, Kathryn Chu, Marthe Frieden, Baltazar Candrinho, Nathan Ford, Helen Schneider and Marc Biot

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:13

    Content type: Correspondence

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  39. The Niger Delta region of Nigeria has been undergoing collective violence for over 25 years, which has constituted a major public health problem. The objectives of this study were to investigate the predictors...

    Authors: Diddy Antai and Justina Antai

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:12

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The prevalence of methamphetamine use and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence are high in lowland Thai society. Despite increasing social and cultural mixing among residents of highland and lowland Th...

    Authors: Eiko Kobori, Surasing Visrutaratna, Yuko Maeda, Siriporn Wongchai, Akiko Kada, Masako Ono-Kihara, Yoko Hayami and Masahiro Kihara

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:11

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Kenya is a major public-health problem. Estimating the prevalence of HIV in pregnant women provides essential information for an effective implementation of HIV/AIDS control measures a...

    Authors: Michael Kiptoo, Solomon Mpoke, Zipporah Ng'ang'a, Jones Mueke, Fredrick Okoth and Elijah Songok

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:10

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The implementation of decentralisation reforms in the health sector of Tanzania started in the 1980s. These reforms were intended to relinquish substantial powers and resources to districts to improve the deve...

    Authors: Michael A Munga, Nils Gunnar Songstad, Astrid Blystad and Ottar Mæstad

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:9

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In 2007, various countries around the world notified 178677 cases of cholera and 4033 cholera deaths to the World Health Organization (WHO). About 62% of those cases and 56.7% of deaths were reported from the ...

    Authors: Joses M Kirigia, Luis G Sambo, Allarangar Yokouide, Edoh Soumbey-Alley, Lenity K Muthuri and Doris G Kirigia

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:8

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Traditional birth attendants (TBAs) are likely to deliver lower quality maternity care compared to professional health workers. It is important to characterize women who are assisted by TBAs in order to design...

    Authors: Seter Siziya, Adamson S Muula and Emmanuel Rudatsikira

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:7

    Content type: Research article

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  45. World wide, there is plentiful evidence regarding the role of stigma in mental illness, as well as the association between poverty and mental illness. The experiences of stigma catalyzed by poverty revolve aro...

    Authors: Joshua Ssebunnya, Fred Kigozi, Crick Lund, Dorothy Kizza and Elialilia Okello

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:5

    Content type: Research article

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