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  1. In 2000, the prevalence of diabetes among the 46 countries of the WHO African Region was estimated at 7.02 million people. Evidence from North America, Europe, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean indicates t...

    Authors: Joses M Kirigia, Hama B Sambo, Luis G Sambo and Saidou P Barry

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:6

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Over the last decade, utilization of ultrasound technology by non-radiologist physicians has grown. Recent advances in affordability, durability, and portability have brought ultrasound to the forefront as a s...

    Authors: Sachita P Shah, Henry Epino, Gene Bukhman, Irenee Umulisa, JMV Dushimiyimana, Andrew Reichman and Vicki E Noble

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:4

    Content type: Research article

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  3. This paper has its origins in Jonathan Mann's insight that the experience of dignity may explain the reciprocal relationships between health and human rights. It follows his call for a taxonomy of dignity: "a ...

    Authors: Nora Jacobson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:3

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The prevalence of Coronary Atherosclerotic Heart Disease (CASHD) is increasing in India. Several modifiable risk factors contribute directly to this disease burden. Public knowledge of such risk factors among ...

    Authors: Omar Saeed, Vineet Gupta, Naveen Dhawan, Leanne Streja, John S Shin, Melvin Ku, Sanjeev Bhoi and Sanjay Verma

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:2

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Human rights violations have adverse consequences for health. However, to date, there remains little empirical evidence documenting this association, beyond the obvious physical and psychological effects of to...

    Authors: Vanessa Johnston, Pascale Allotey, Kim Mulholland and Milica Markovic

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9:1

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Until recently, young people in Kazakhstan have been only moderately affected by the global HIV epidemic. Today, however, the HIV epidemic in Central Asia is one of the most rapidly increasing epidemics in the...

    Authors: Marit Hansson, Leo Stockfelt, Marat Urazalin, Clas Ahlm and Rune Andersson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:14

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Under the "two countries, one system" policy implemented by China to manage the return of Hong Kong's sovereignty, Hong Kong has maintained a comparatively prosperous economy within the Asian region. This has ...

    Authors: William CW Wong, Eleanor Holroyd, Emily Y Chan, Sian Griffiths and Amie Bingham

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:13

    Content type: Debate

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  8. The main killer diseases of children all manifest as acute febrile illness, yet are curable with timely and adequate management. To avoid a fatal outcome, three essential steps must be completed: caretakers mu...

    Authors: Helena Hildenwall, Göran Tomson, Judith Kaija, George Pariyo and Stefan Peterson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:12

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) has been used to analyze the efficiency of the health sector in the developed world for sometime now. However, in developing economies and particularly in Africa only a few stud...

    Authors: James Akazili, Martin Adjuik, Caroline Jehu-Appiah and Eyob Zere

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:11

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The burning of biomass fuels results in exposure to high levels of indoor air pollution, with consequent health effects. Possible interventions to reduce the exposure include changing cooking practices and int...

    Authors: M Edelstein, E Pitchforth, G Asres, M Silverman and N Kulkarni

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:10

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Nigeria is home to more people living with HIV than any other country in the world, except South Africa and India – where an estimated 2.9 million [1.7 million – 4.2 million] people were living with the virus ...

    Authors: Olalekan A Uthman and Eugene J Kongnyuy

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:9

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Many refugees live for years in exile. The combination of stress in the host country, together with long-term effects resulting from traumatic stress usually experienced in the home country may affect mental h...

    Authors: Ulrike von Lersner, Ulrike Wiens, Thomas Elbert and Frank Neuner

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:8

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Indoor air pollution (IAP) from solid fuels is a serious health problem in low-income countries that can be alleviated using improved stoves. Although women are the principal users, few studies have investigat...

    Authors: Esperanza Díaz, Nigel Bruce, Dan Pope, Anaité Díaz, Kirk R Smith and Tone Smith-Sivertsen

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:7

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The health status and lifestyle of migrants is often poorer than that of the general population of their host countries. The Nepalese represent a relatively small, but growing, immigrant community in the UK, a...

    Authors: Pratik Adhikary, Padam P Simkhada, Edwin R van Teijlingen and Amalraj E Raja

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:6

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Costa Rica, like other developing countries, is experiencing an increasing burden of chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus (DM), especially among its elderly population. This article has two goals: (1) ...

    Authors: Gilbert Brenes-Camacho and Luis Rosero-Bixby

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:5

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In order to improve child survival there is a need to target neonatal mortality. In this pursuit, valid local and national statistics on child health are essential. We analyze to what extent births and neonata...

    Authors: Mats Målqvist, Leif Eriksson, Nguyen Thu Nga, Linn Irene Fagerland, Dinh Phuong Hoa, Lars Wallin, Uwe Ewald and Lars-Åke Persson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:4

    Content type: Research article

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  17. This paper presents the methodology and findings from a proof-of-concept study undertaken to explore the viability of conducting a systematic, largely qualitative synthesis of evaluation reports emanating from...

    Authors: Pim Kuipers, Sheila Wirz and Sally Hartley

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:3

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Smoking is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. There is therefore need to identify relevant factors associated with smoking among adolescents in order to better tailor public health interventi...

    Authors: Seter Siziya, Adamson S Muula and Emmanuel Rudatsikira

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2008 8:1

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Canada, the United States, Australia, and New Zealand consistently place near the top of the United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Index (HDI) rankings, yet all have minority Indigenous populat...

    Authors: Martin Cooke, Francis Mitrou, David Lawrence, Eric Guimond and Dan Beavon

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2007 7:9

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Little is known about the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the Indian Ocean region, including Mauritius. National records suggest a prevalence of HIV in Mauritius of < 1% in the general population, which is one of the low...

    Authors: Yumiko H Nishimura, Masako Ono-Kihara, Jagdis C Mohith, Renaud NgManSun, Takayuki Homma, Ralph J DiClemente, Delia L Lang and Masahiro Kihara

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2007 7:8

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Achieving sustainable economic and social growth through advances in health is crucial in Latin America within the framework of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals.

    Authors: Carlos Franco-Paredes, Anna Von, Alicia Hidron, Alfonso J Rodríguez-Morales, Ildefonso Tellez, Maribel Barragán, Danielle Jones, Cesar G Náquira and Jorge Mendez

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2007 7:7

    Content type: Commentary

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  22. The spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa is believed to be driven by unsafe sex, and identification of modifiable risk factors of the latter is needed for comprehensive HIV prevention programming in the region....

    Authors: Eugene J Kongnyuy and Charles Shey Wiysonge

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2007 7:6

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The Botswana government began providing free antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 2002 and in 2004 introduced routine HIV testing (RHT) in government health facilities, aiming to increase HIV testing and uptake of ...

    Authors: Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson, Deborah Milne, Thamie Mokoena and Mokgweetsi Masisi

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2007 7:5

    Content type: Research article

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  24. To benefit from available care and treatment options, patients should first be counselled and tested for HIV. Our aim was to assess the acceptability of HIV testing among tuberculosis patients under routine ca...

    Authors: Degu Jerene, Aschalew Endale and Bernt Lindtjørn

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2007 7:4

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Manipur and Nagaland, in the north-east of India, are classified as high prevalence states for HIV, and intravenous drug use is an important route of transmission. Most injecting drug users (IDUs) are men, an ...

    Authors: Alexandra Devine, Michelle Kermode, Prabha Chandra and Helen Herrman

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2007 7:3

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Urban slums, like refugee communities, comprise a social cluster that engenders a distinct set of health problems. With 1 billion people currently estimated to live in such communities, this neglected populati...

    Authors: Lee W Riley, Albert I Ko, Alon Unger and Mitermayer G Reis

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2007 7:2

    Content type: Debate

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  27. In a recently published article, it was suggested that governance was the significant structural factor affecting the epidemiology of HIV. This suggestion was made notwithstanding the observed weak correlation be...

    Authors: Daniel D Reidpath and Pascale Allotey

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2006 6:12

    Content type: Correspondence

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  28. The 2004 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) in Cameroon revealed a higher prevalence of HIV in richest and most educated people than their poorest and least educated compatriots. It is not certain whether the...

    Authors: Eugene J Kongnyuy, Charles S Wiysonge, Robinson E Mbu, Philip Nana and Luc Kouam

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2006 6:11

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Patient's rights law is intended to secure good medical practice, but it can also serve to improve understanding between patients and medical staff if both were aware of their rights.

    Authors: Danute Ducinskiene, Jurgita Vladickiene, Ramune Kalediene and Irja Haapala

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2006 6:10

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The structured admission form is an apparently simple measure to improve data quality. Poor motivation, lack of supervision, lack of resources and other factors are conceivably major barriers to their successf...

    Authors: Sekela Mwakyusa, Annah Wamae, Aggrey Wasunna, Fred Were, Fabian Esamai, Bernhards Ogutu, Assumpta Muriithi, Norbert Peshu and Mike English

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2006 6:9

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The World Health Organization estimates that seeking prompt and appropriate care could reduce child deaths due to acute respiratory infections by 20%. The purpose of our study was to assess care seeking behavi...

    Authors: Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, Ravi P Shankar, Binu V Sreekumaran, Sonu H Subba, Hari S Joshi and Uma Ramachandran

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2006 6:7

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Uganda began to implement the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme in 2000, and by the end of 2003 it had expanded to cover 38 of the 56 districts including Mbale District. Howev...

    Authors: Charles AS Karamagi, James K Tumwine, Thorkild Tylleskar and Kristian Heggenhougen

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2006 6:6

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The majority of sex work in India is clandestine due to unfavorable legal environment and discrimination against female sex workers (FSWs). We report data on who these women are and when they get involved with...

    Authors: Rakhi Dandona, Lalit Dandona, G Anil Kumar, Juan Pablo Gutierrez, Sam McPherson, Fiona Samuels and Stefano M Bertozzi

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2006 6:5

    Content type: Research article

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  34. This paper broadly discusses the role of the State of Bangladesh in the context of the health system and human rights. The interrelation between human rights, health and development are well documented. The re...

    Authors: Redwanur M Rahman

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2006 6:4

    Content type: Debate

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  35. Adolescence is an important stage of life for establishing healthy behaviors, attitudes, and lifestyles that contribute to current and future health. Health risk behavior is one indicator of health of young pe...

    Authors: Andrew E Springer, BJ Selwyn and Steven H Kelder

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2006 6:3

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Home Based Management of fever (HBM) was introduced as a national policy in Uganda to increase access to prompt presumptive treatment of malaria. Pre-packed Chloroquine/Fansidar combination is distributed free...

    Authors: Karin Källander, Göran Tomson, Jesca Nsungwa-Sabiiti, Yahaya Senyonjo, George Pariyo and Stefan Peterson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2006 6:2

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Public health research is shifting focus to the role of socioeconomic indicators in the promotion of health. As such an understanding of the roles that socio-economic factors play in improving health and healt...

    Authors: Adenike AE Olaogun, Abayomi A Adebayo, Olufemi E Ayandiran and Olayinka A Olasode

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2006 6:1

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Many Tibetan refugees flee Tibet in order to escape physical and mental hardships, and to access the freedoms to practice their culture and religion. We aimed to determine the prevalence of mental illnesses wi...

    Authors: Edward J Mills, Sonal Singh, Timothy H Holtz, Robert M Chase, Sonam Dolma, Joanna Santa-Barbara and James J Orbinski

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2005 5:7

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Two planned trials of pre-exposure prophylaxis tenofovir in Cambodia and Cameroon to prevent HIV infection in high-risk populations were closed due to activist pressure on host country governments. The interna...

    Authors: Edward Mills, Beth Rachlis, Ping Wu, Elaine Wong, Kumanan Wilson and Sonal Singh

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2005 5:6

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Pharmaceuticals have made an important contribution to global reductions in morbidity and mortality. To help save lives and improve health, it is important to be sure about equity to access to drugs, drug effi...

    Authors: Shekoufeh Nikfar, Abbas Kebriaeezadeh, Reza Majdzadeh and Mohammad Abdollahi

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2005 5:5

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Only governments sensitive to the demands of their citizens appropriately respond to needs of their nation. Based on Professor Amartya Sen's analysis of the link between famine and democracy, the following nul...

    Authors: Anatole S Menon-Johansson

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2005 5:4

    Content type: Research article

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  42. In both the US and Japan, the patient isolation policy for leprosy /Hansen's disease (HD) was preserved along with the isolation facilities, long after it had been proven to be scientifically unnecessary. This...

    Authors: Hajime Sato and Janet E Frantz

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2005 5:3

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Rural Indian tribes are anthropologically distinct with unique cultures, traditions and practices. Over the years, displacement and rapid acculturation of this population has led to dramatic changes in their s...

    Authors: Eknath Naik, Arun Karpur, Richard Taylor, Balasubramaniam Ramaswami, Seetharam Ramachandra, Bindu Balasubramaniam, Sagar Galwankar, John Sinnott, Sarah Nabukera and Hamisu M Salihu

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2005 5:1

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Public sector health care providers in rural Guatemala have infrequently offered family planning information and services in routine visits. This operations research project tested a strategy to modify certain...

    Authors: Francisco Mendez, Felipe Lopez, Carlos Brambila and Marianne Burkhart

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2004 4:2

    Content type: Research article

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