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Table 4 Improved knowledge about HIV/AIDS transmission from baseline to 7 weeks post-intervention among 1073 participants in three rural Nigerian communities

From: Culturally-adapted and audio-technology assisted HIV/AIDS awareness and education program in rural Nigeria: a cohort study

Based on what you have heard about AIDS, do you think that a person can get AIDS or the AIDS virus from each of the following?
A. Working near someone with the AIDS virus - p < .0001 a
Control Intervention
Baseline Post-Intervention Total Baseline Post-Intervention Total
  Correct Incorrect    Correct Incorrect  
Correct 291 71 362 Correct 333 9 342
Incorrect 78 34 112 Incorrect 155 14 169
Total 369 105 474 Total 488 23 511
p = .57 b p < .0001
B. Eating food cooked by someone who has the AIDS virus. - p < .0001
Control Intervention
Baseline Post-Intervention Total Baseline Post-Intervention Total
  Correct Incorrect    Correct Incorrect  
Correct 286 73 359 Correct 352 3 355
Incorrect 71 48 119 Incorrect 145 10 155
Total 357 121 478 Total 497 13 510
p = .87 p < .0001
C. Sharing plates, forks, or glasses with someone who has the AIDS virus. - p < .0001
Control Intervention
Baseline Post-Intervention Total Baseline Post-Intervention Total
  Correct Incorrect    Correct Incorrect  
Correct 251 72 323 Correct 332 6 338
Incorrect 79 62 141 Incorrect 167 14 181
Total 330 134 464 Total 499 20 519
p = .57 p < .0001
D. Receiving injectable drugs with syringes or needles used by someone who has the AIDS virus. - p = .10
Control Intervention
Baseline Post-Intervention Total Baseline Post-Intervention Total
  Correct Incorrect    Correct Incorrect  
Correct 312 43 355 Correct 428 23 451
Incorrect 61 45 106 Incorrect 55 7 62
Total 373 88 461 Total 483 30 513
p = .08 p = .0003
E. An infant from his/her mother who has the AIDS virus. - p = .36
Control Intervention
Baseline Post-Intervention Total Baseline Post-Intervention Total
  Correct Incorrect    Correct Incorrect  
Correct 209 55 264 Correct 310 67 377
Incorrect 110 72 182 Incorrect 109 19 128
Total 319 127 446 Total 419 86 505
p < .0001 p = .0015
F. Being coughed or sneezed on by someone who has the AIDS virus. - p < .0001
Control Intervention
Baseline Post-Intervention Total Baseline Post-Intervention Total
  Correct Incorrect    Correct Incorrect  
Correct 144 107 251 Correct 227 8 235
Incorrect 92 92 184 Incorrect 233 39 272
Total 236 199 435 Total 460 47 507
p = .29 p < .0001
H. A baby breast-fed by his/her mother who has the AIDS virus. - p < .0001
Control Intervention
Baseline Post-Intervention Total Baseline Post-Intervention Total
  Correct Incorrect    Correct Incorrect  
Correct 184 74 258 Correct 277 43 320
Incorrect 86 104 190 Incorrect 153 35 188
Total 270 178 448 Total 430 78 508
p = .34 p < .0001
I. Attending school with a child who has the AIDS virus. - p < .0001
Control Intervention
Baseline Post-Intervention Total Baseline Post-Intervention Total
  Correct Incorrect    Correct Incorrect  
Correct 264 68 332 Correct 337 8 345
Incorrect 80 34 114 Incorrect 133 17 150
Total 344 102 446 Total 470 25 495
p = .32 p < .0001
J. Bites by mosquitoes or other insects who have bitten a person who has the AIDS virus. - p < .0001
Control Intervention
Baseline Post-Intervention Total Baseline Post-Intervention Total
  Correct Incorrect    Correct Incorrect  
Correct 86 76 162 Correct 99 18 117
Incorrect 106 184 290 Incorrect 280 111 391
Total 192 260 452 Total 379 129 508
p = .03 p < .0001
K. Sharing a bed with someone who has the AIDS virus. - p < .0001
Control Intervention
Baseline Post-Intervention Total Baseline Post-Intervention Total
  Correct Incorrect    Correct Incorrect  
Correct 176 97 273 Correct 265 32 297
Incorrect 71 81 152 Incorrect 166 31 197
Total 247 178 425 Total 431 63 494
p = .04 p < .0001
  1. a. χ2 test of independence, comparing changes in responses between intervention groups
  2. b. McNemar's Test for paired responses