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Table 1 Comparison of case studies-PMTCT and SMC–in Uganda

From: Research translation to inform national health policies: learning from multiple perspectives in Uganda

Concepts PMTCT SMC
Status of policy PMTCT policy adopted in 2001 SMC policy formulation in progress (2009)
Stage in R-2-P processes in 2009 Policy implementation stage Analysis of policy feasibility and agenda setting
Type of research evidence generated Implementation level evidence of effectiveness Proof of concept for SMC – multi-country clinical trials (Rakia, Kisumu and Orange Farm)
Methods used for generating evidence Large cohorts of program beneficiaries, i.e. children and mothers enrolled in PMTCT programs Multi-country randomized clinical trial; country level acceptability surveys; service availability services
Objectives of the researchers’ policy engagement To improve the national policy implementation approaches; Changes to cost-effective approaches To establish global policy guidelines; establish national SMC programs; mobilize funds for SMC programs
Influential decision-making audiences National technical level decision makers (MOH WHO, UNAIDS, UNICEF and EGPAF); Makerere College of Health Sciences Mostly global multilateral agencies e.g. WHO, UNAIDS, Gates Foundation and NIH; MOH and political leaders i.e. president’s opinion about SMC
Secondary audiences Implementers of PMTCT programs; Funding agencies of PMCTC programs; WHO and UNAIDS (validation of their guidelines) National level leaders, technical decision makers, media practitioners; general public; HIV funding agencies; Implementers (e.g. hospital managers and surgeons)
Methods for engaging national level decision makers Researchers are integrated into decision-making fora e.g. PMTCT National Advisory Committee and committees Transactional or “arms-length” engagement methods by researchers e.g. occasional dissemination events, policy briefings and mass media.