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Table 1 Household and individual characteristics

From: The impact of Brazil’s Bolsa Família conditional cash transfer program on children’s health care utilization and health outcomes

  Before weighting After weighting
  In BF HH In non-BF HH p value In BF HH In non-BF HH p value
  (n = 776) (n = 343)     
Household’s characteristics       
 Ownership of home 85.18 87.17 0.572 86.28 86.28 1.0
 Title to home 8.76 18.08 0.009*** 14.51 14.51 1.0
 Functioning water meter 6.31 10.79 0.095* 8.44 8.44 1.0
 Functioning light meter 52.96 61.22 0.115 59.27 59.27 1.0
 Closed sewer 54.51 69.10 0.004** 64.57 64.57 1.0
 Monthly per capita household income 86.52 (64.80) 102.64 (70.82) 0.017** 102.30 (4.84) 102.30 (6.13) 1.0
 Receipt of another government benefit 23.97 36.44 0.011** 29.74 29.74 1.0
 # household members 5.54 (2.21) 4.62 (1.61) 0.000*** 4.81 (0.14) 4.81 (0.19) 1.0
 At least one child between the age of 7 to 17 years 82.09 59.48 0.000*** 68.65 68.65 1.0
 At least one member self-employed 53.74 45.19 0.101 50.31 50.31 1.0
 At least one member informally employed 23.32 13.12 0.008*** 15.60 15.60 1.0
 At least one member formally employed 34.28 48.10 0.007*** 45.97 45.97 1.0
Mother’s characteristics       
 Mother’s possession of CPF 97.16 93.59 0.114 96.60 96.60 1.0
 Mother’s race – black 60.31 51.31 0.084* 55.18 55.18 1.0
 Mother’s race – mixed 34.41 40.23 0.254 36.09 36.09 1.0
 Mother’s age 35.54 (8.21) 33.39 (10.89) 0.023** 33.63 (0.61) 33.63 (0.79) 1.0
 Mother’s age, squared 1330.58 (640.81) 1232.93 (898.47) 0.199 1211.96 (47.60) 1211.96 (58.44) 1.0
 Mother currently in school 9.54 8.16 0.601 8.74 8.74 1.0
 Mother is literate 70.23 76.38 0.195 78.33 78.33 1.0
 Mother’s education level education – fundamental school 71.78 57.14 0.003*** 64.02 64.02 1.0
 Mother’s education level – above fundamental school 22.81 38.78 0.001*** 33.16 33.16 1.0
 Mother has a religion 84.54 77.26 0.088* 81.20 81.20 1.0
 Mother knows a family receiving BF 97.94 88.92 0.000*** 95.36 95.36 1.0
 Mother is a member in a group 16.24 11.66 0.180 12.91 12.91 1.0
 Mother always votes 86.21 80.47 0.120 84.40 84.40 1.0
Child’s characteristics       
 Child’s possession of ID 40.21 38.78 0.684 37.19 37.19 1.0
 Child’s possession of CPF 7.09 11.08 0.070* 8.46 8.46 1.0
 Child’s race – black 44.85 38.19 0.137 41.88 41.88 1.0
 Child’s race – mixed 47.42 49.85 0.591 48.17 48.17 1.0
 Child’s age 8.35 (4.46) 6.96 (4.24) 0.000*** 7.25 (0.20) 7.25 (0.27) 1.0
 Child’s age, squared 89.55 (85.07) 66.32 (76.60) 0.000*** 70.98 (3.69) 70.98 (5.15) 1.0
 Child’s gender – female 53 · 74 48.98 0.163 50.11 50.11 1.0
  1. Data are % or mean (SD). Age was calculated as of the date of the interview. Table includes all children born before 2009. p values are for cluster-adjusted t test (continuous variables) or χ2 test (dichotomous variables) tests of independence. *p < 0.10, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01.