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Table 1 Descriptive statistics at baseline

From: Adverse childhood experiences, psychosocial well-being and cognitive development among orphans and abandoned children in five low income countries

  Cambodia Ethiopia Hyderabad Kenya Nagaland Tanzania ALL SITES
Topscore at baseline        
Mean (SD) 7.4 (2.57) 7.6 (2.57) 6.96 (1.86) 7.43 (2.68) 6.71 (2.15) 6.61 (2.27) 7.12 (2.40)
N 300 300 300 300 279 302 1781
Market list at baseline        
Mean (SD) 7.68 (2.59) 7.71 (1.97) 6.47 (1.78) 7.46 (2.17) 6.5 (2.40) 7.48 (2.06) 7.23 (2.23)
N 297 300 299 297 266 301 1760
Total difficulties self-reported at baseline        
Mean (SD) 14.22 (5.49) 10.0 (4.49) 13.74 (4.89) 8.41 (4.15) 8.25 (3.37) 5.27 (3.74) 10.17 (5.68)
N 122 34 50 69 68 85 428
Total difficulties caregiver reported at baseline        
Mean (SD) 13.26 (4.89) 12.81 (6.05) 13.04 (5.30) 9.63 (4.11) 8.77 (3.89) 6.90 (4.80) 10.71 (5.47)
N 292 295 253 300 259 300 1699
Exposure to potentially traumatic events at baseline        
Mean (SD) 2.93 (1.68) 2.64 (1.68) 2.87 (1.95) 0.87 (1.32) 0.81 (0.94) 2.54 (1.08) 2.12 (1.74)
N 300 297 252 299 263 300 1711
Wealth index mean (SD) 0.98 (0.50) 0.97 (0.56) 1.01 (0.36) 1.00 (0.69) 0.99 (0.55) 1.00 (0.62) 0.99 (0.56)
N 258 265 299 281 267 286 1656
Frequency of OAC status at baseline N (%)        
Single orphan 178 (59.33) 161 (53.67) 151 (50.33) 207 (69) 205 (73.48) 178 (58.94) 1080 (60.64)
Double orphan 60 (20) 60 (20) 22 (7.33) 31 (10.33) 17 (6.09) 67 (22.19) 257 (14.43)
Abandoned 13 (4.33) 33 (11) 78 (26) 15 (5) 7 (2.51) 6 (1.99) 152 (8.53)
Non orphans 49 (16.33) 46 (15.33) 49 (16.33) 47 (15.67) 50 (17.92) 51 (16.89) 292 (16.4)
Total N 300 300 300 300 279 302 1781
Caregiver type N (%)        
Parent 135 (45) 117 (39) 96 (32) 110 (36.67) 90 (32.26) 131 (43.38) 679 (38.12)
Non-parent 165 (55) 183 (61) 204 (68) 190 (63.33) 189 (67.74) 171 (56.62) 1102 (61.88)
Total N 300 300 300 300 279 302 1781
Illiterate caregiver N (%) 95 (46.57) 100 (43.48) 173 (64.07) 174 (63.5) 116 (44.27) 52 (22.71) 710 (48.33)
N 204 230 270 274 262 229 1469
Age Mean (SD) 9.41 (1.97) 9.05 (1.76) 9.13 (1.52) 9.25 (1.84) 9.07 (1.86) 9.43 (1.90) 9.22 (1.82)
N 300 300 300 300 279 302 1781
Gender N (%)        
Male 149 (49.67) 160 (53.33) 149 (49.67) 155 (51.57) 160 (57.35) 157 (51.99) 930 (52.22)
Female 151 (50.33) 140 (46.67) 151 (50.33) 145 (48.33) 119 (42.65) 145 (48.01) 851 (47.78)
Total N 300 300 300 300 279 302 1781