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Table 3 Levels of metabolic control biomarkers for diabetic population age ≥ 60, Costa Rica, 2004–2006.

From: Metabolic control in a nationally representative diabetic elderly sample in Costa Rica: patients at community health centers vs. patients at other health care settings

Metabolic control indicators (n)    95% CI
   Mean (SD)   
HbA1C (%) 503 7.0 (1.8) (6.8- 7.2)
SBPa (mmHg) 539 148.2 (23.4) (146.0- 150.4)
DBPa (mmHg) 539 84.6 (12.4) (83.4- 85.8)
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 516 179.9 (110.0) (169.4- 190.4)
LDL (mg/dl) 463 131.1 (39.5) (126.8- 135.4)
HDL (mg/dl) 516 41.2 (11.7) (40.0- 42.4)
   (%)    
HbA1C ≥ 7% 503 36.9   (31.8- 41.9)
HbA1C ≥ 6.5% 503 52.1   (46.9- 57.3)
SBP ≥ 130 mmHga 539 78.2   (74.0- 82.4)
DBP ≥ 80 mmHga 539 65.9   (61.2- 70.6)
SBP ≥ 130 mmHg & DBP ≥ 80 mmHga 539 61.7   (56.8- 66.5)
Triglycerides ≥ 150 mg/dl 495 47.5   (42.3- 52.8)
LDL ≥ 100 mg/dl 463 78.3   (73.8- 82.8)
HDL ≤ 40 mg/dl 516 70.2   (65.5- 75.0)
Without aspirin intake 525 39.9   (34.9- 44.8)
Without influenza vaccine last year 537 45.9   (40.8- 51.0)
Without physician examination at least once a year 537 10.2   (7.1- 13.3)
  1. Note: a/Arithmetic mean of two measurements