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Table 2 Gender comparisons of awareness of STDs and cancer prevention between pre- and posttest

From: Awareness of human papillomavirus and factors associated with intention to obtain HPV vaccination among Korean youth: quasi experimental study

Awareness of STD and cancer prevention Boys (pre) Girls (pre)   Boys (post) Girls (post)  
n (%) χ 2 ( p ) n (%) χ 2 ( p )
Viral infection is preventable Yes 49 (70.0) 30 (63.8) 1.14 (0.566) 63 (90.0) 45 (97.8) 2.65 (0.104)
  No 1 (1.4) 2 (4.3)   0 (0) 0 (0)  
  Don’t know 20 (28.6) 15 (31.9)   7 (10.0) 1 (2.2)  
STDs are preventable Yes 25 (35.7) 6 (12.8) 8.76 (0.013) 64 (91.4) 42 (93.3) 2.24 (0.327)
  No 0 (0) 1 (2.1)   0 (0) 1 (2.2)  
  Don’t know 45964.3) 40 (85.1)   6 (8.6) 2 (4.4)  
Cancer is preventable Yes 43 (61.4) 18 (38.3) 6.37 (0.041) 60 (85.7) 41 (89.1) 2.03 (0.369)
  No 4 (5.7) 6 (12.8)   1 (1.4) 2 (4.3)  
  Don’t know 23 (32.9) 23 (48.9)   9 (12.9) 3 (6.5)  
Time to begin STD prevention Onset of puberty 33 (61.1) 29 (72.5) 1.67 (0.434) 67 (95.7) 45 (97.8) 0.37 (0.542)
  Adulthood 11 (20.4) 7 (17.5)   3 (4.3) 1 (2.2)  
  Not necessary 10 (18.5) 4 (10.0)   0 (0) 0 (0)  
Time to begin cancer prevention Onset of puberty 28 (45.2) 23 (50.0) 0.78 (0.677) 49 (70.0) 36 (78.3) 0.97 (0.325)
  Adulthood 27 (43.5) 20 (43.5)   21 (30.0) 10 (21.7)  
  Not necessary 7 (11.3) 3 (6.5)   0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Methods of STD preventiona Abstinence 0 (0.0) 1 (2.1) - 9 (7.9) 8 (10.7) -
  Condom use 2 (2.9) 0 (0.0)   39 (34.2) 22 (29.3)  
  Genital examination 1 (1.4) 1 (2.1)   22 (19.3) 16 (21.3)  
  Hygiene habits 7 (10.0) 6 (12.8)   30 (26.3) 16 (21.3)  
  None 3 (4.3) 1 (2.1)   3 (2.6) 1 (1.3)  
  Don’t know 53 (75.7) 37 (78.7)   11 (9.6) 12 (16.0)  
  1. aMultiple response.
  2. Pre, pretest; post, posttest.
  3. STD, sexually transmitted disease.