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Table 3 Odds ratios (ORs), factors associated with low utilization of healthcare

From: Knowledge and utilization of sexual and reproductive healthcare services among Thai immigrant women in Sweden

Variables   Crude OR (95 % CI) Model 1 OR (95 % CI) Model 2 OR (95 % CI)
  Number of respondents/analysis   Number of respondents/analysis: 605 Number of respondents/analysis: 472
Age 696       
 18–30   1   1   1  
 31–45   0.81 (0.56–1.17) 0.91 (0.60–1.38) 1 (0.58–1.70)
 46 +   2.45 (1.42–4.23)** 2.76 (1.47–5.21)** 2.11 (0.95–4.70)
Married/cohabating 635       
 Yes   1   1   1  
 No   2.26 (1.39–3.67)** 2.05 (1.23–3.42)** 2.53 (1.30–4.90)**
Education level 658       
 0–6 years   0.82 (0.55–1.21) 0.74 (0.49–1.13) 0.68 (0.39–1.18)
 7–9 years   0.78 (0.48–1.26) 0.82 (0.49–1.36) 0.94 (0.50–1.75)
 10–12 years   0.62 (0.40–0.96) 0.64 (0.40–1.02) 0.66 (0.37–1.17)
 More than 12 years   1   1   1  
Immigration year 654       
 2010–2011   2.23 (1.39–3.59)**     
 2008–2009   1.68 (1.19–2.36)**     
 2006–2007   1     1  
Lacking cash reserves 677       
 No   1     1  
 Yes   1.55 (1.09–2.21)* 1   1.27 (0.79–2.05)
Trust in others 629       
 Low   1.51 (1.09–2.08)*    1.22 (0.79–1.87)
 High   1   1   1  
Bonding vs. bridging trust 601       
 Dominant bonding trust   1.01 (0.72–1.42)    0.68 (0.43–1.07)
 Dominant bridging trust   1   1   1  
Bonding vs. bridging relationships 598       
 Dominant bonding relationships   1.79 (1.29–2.49)**    1.56 (1–2.43)
 Dominant bridging relationships   1   1   1  
Social participation 696       
 Low   1.20 (0.88–1.62)    1.16 (0.75–1.80)
 High   1   1   1  
Knowledge about sexual and reproductive healthcare services 665      
 Poor   8.14 (5.72–11.57)***    6.07 (3.94–9.34)***
 Good   1     1  
  1. Crude OR for considered explanatory factors. Model 1 Adj. OR for included explanatory factors: age, marital status, education. Model 2 Adj. OR for included explanatory factors in model 1 + economic status, social capital, knowledge about sexual and reproductive healthcare services
  2. *P < 0.05 **P < 0.01 ***P < 0.001