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Table 4 Fixed-effects of multilevel logistic regression

From: Does exposure to interparental violence increase women’s risk of intimate partner violence? Evidence from Nigeria demographic and health survey

Characteristic Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Odds ratio p > |z| 95% CI Odds ratio p > |z| 95% CI Odds ratio p > |z| 95% CI
Interparental violence
 Not exposed ref 1.000 1.000 1.000
 Exposed 5.356 <0.001* 3.371 8.509 4.487 <0.001* 3.047 6.607 4.018 <0.001* 2.626 6.145
Maternal age
 15–24 years ref     1.000 1.000
 25–34 years     1.154 0.160 0.945 1.410 1.116 0.264 0.920 1.353
 35–49 years     0.898 0.328 0.724 1.114 0.866 0.179 0.702 1.068
Maternal education
 Low ref     1.000 1.000
 Moderate     1.192   0.966 1.470 1.113 0.302 0.908 1.363
 High     0.516 0.001** 0.353 0.754 0.493 <0.001* 0.335 0.724
Attitudes toward wife beating
 Violence not justified ref     1.000 1.000
 Violence justified     1.956 <0.001* 1.575 2.429 1.861 <0.001* 1.484 2.333
Employment status
 Not working ref     1.000 1.000
 Working     1.416 0.001** 1.163 1.724 1.439 <0.001* 1.179 1.757
Male dominance in the family
 Not male dominated ref     1.000 1.000
 Male dominated     1.182 0.068 0.988 1.413 1.229 0.022** 1.031 1.466
Partner’s education
 Low ref     1.000 1.000
 Moderate     1.103 0.335 0.903 1.347 1.028 0.774 0.849 1.246
 High     1.040 0.782 0.788 1.372 0.961 0.769 0.736 1.254
Partner drinks alcohol
 Does not drink ref     1.000 1.000
 Drinks     6.043 <0.001* 3.976 9.185 5.133 <0.001* 3.220 8.183
Proportion poorest in community
 Low ref        1.000
 Medium        1.471 0.134 0.888 2.439
 High        0.693 0.158 0.417 1.153
Place of residence
 Urban        1.000
 Rural        0.972 0.873 0.691 1.369
Geographical Region
 North-central ref        1.000
 North-east        3.193 <0.001* 1.720 5.929
 North-west        0.079 <0.001* 0.035 0.179
 South-east        0.781 0.370 0.454 1.341
 South-south        0.713 0.193 0.428 1.187
 South-west        0.531 0.018** 0.314 0.896
  1. Notes: OR Odds Ratio, ref. reference category, *p < 0.01, **p < 0.05