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Table 2 Change in drug use post-ADAA and post-FSA by form and type of drug

From: Mandatory minimum sentencing policies and cocaine use in the U.S., 1985–2013

  Cocaine base Powder cocaine Prescription drugs
Odds ratio (SE) Odds ratio (SE) Odds ratio (SE)
ADAA (N = 21,296)
 Expansion of ADAA (1988) 0.85 (0.174) 0.83 (0.112) 0.84 (0.132)
 Fill ADAA Implementation (1990) 0.72 (0.153) 0.59 (0.080)*** 0.42 (0.078)***
FSA (N = 130,574)
 FSA Implementation (2012, 2013) 0.75 (0.167) 0.81 (0.074)** 1.00 (0.091)
  1. Notes: SE standard error, *** P < 0.01, ** P < 0.05, * P < 0.1; all analyses excludes person who used opiates in the past year, adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, marital status, education, income, alcohol use, tobacco use, and marijuana use; all models are weighted to account for complex survey design