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Table 5 Mental health variables between male and female among left-behind children

From: Health status of children left behind in rural areas of Sichuan Province of China: a cross-sectional study

Variables Male Female p-value
Unhappiness due to the study stress or the issues related to the academic result
 Never 88 (15.6) 54 (9.8) 0.000***
 Seldom 144 (25.5) 98 (17.8)
 Sometimes 220 (38.9) 282 (51.3)
 Often 59 (10.4) 74 (13.5)
 Always 54 (9.6) 42 (7.6)
Insomnia due to worrying
 Never 249 (44.1) 189 (34.4) 0.013**
 Seldom 158 (28.0) 168 (30.5)
 Sometimes 119 (21.1) 149 (27.1)
 Often 24 (4.2) 31 (5.6)
 Always 15 (2.7) 13 (2.4)
Loneliness
 Never 230 (40.7) 173 (31.5) 0.000***
 Seldom 140 (24.8) 115 (20.9)
 Sometimes 117 (20.7) 175 (31.8)
 Often 60 (10.6) 70 (12.7)
 Always 18 (3.2) 17 (3.1)
Having the idea of running away from home
 Never thought 393 (69.6) 411 (74.7) 0.269
 Have thought about it 160 (28.3) 131 (23.8)
 Tried to run away but failed 8 (1.4) 5 (0.9)
 Ran away from home 4 (0.7) 3 (0.5)
Stopping the daily activities for 2 consecutive weeks or even longer time due to depression or hopelessness
 Yes 77 (13.6) 71 (12.9) 0.732
 No 488 (86.4) 479 (87.1)  
  1. * p < 0.1; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.01;