Health and human rights of marginalized populations

This section considers studies regarding the health and human rights of members of marginalized populations, including sexual and gender minorities, children, migrants, ethnic minorities, refugees, displaced people, commercial sex workers, injection drug users, and other marginalized populations.

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  1. Research article

    Online surveillance of media health event reporting in Nepal: digital disease detection from a One Health perspective

    Traditional media and the internet are crucial sources of health information. Media can significantly shape public opinion, knowledge and understanding of emerging and endemic health threats. As digital commun...

    Jessica S. Schwind, Stephanie A. Norman, Dibesh Karmacharya, David J. Wolking, Sameer M. Dixit, Rajesh M. Rajbhandari, Sumiko R. Mekaru and John S. Brownstein

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:26

    Published on: 21 September 2017

  2. Research article

    Determinants of internal migrant health and the healthy migrant effect in South India: a mixed methods study

    Internal labour migration is an important and necessary livelihood strategy for millions of individuals and households in India. However, the precarious position of migrant workers within Indian society may ha...

    Warren Dodd, Sally Humphries, Kirit Patel, Shannon Majowicz, Matthew Little and Cate Dewey

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:23

    Published on: 12 September 2017

  3. Research article

    Perspectives of basic wheelchair users on improving their access to wheelchair services in Kenya and Philippines: a qualitative study

    The United Nations has called for countries to improve access to mobility devices when needed. The World Health Organization has published guidelines on the provision of manual wheelchairs in less-resourced se...

    Emma Williams, Elizabeth Hurwitz, Immaculate Obaga, Brenda Onguti, Adovich Rivera, Tyrone Reden L. Sy, R. Lee Kirby, Jamie Noon, Deepti Tanuku, Anthony Gichangi and Eva Bazant

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:22

    Published on: 17 August 2017

  4. Research article

    An investigation of the relationship between autonomy, childbirth practices, and obstetric fistula among women in rural Lilongwe District, Malawi

    Obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury caused by prolonged obstructed labor that results in destruction of the tissue wall between the vagina and bladder. Although obstetric fistula is directly caused by pro...

    Julika Ayla Kaplan, Jonathan Kandodo, Joseph Sclafani, Susan Raine, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Alison Norris, Abigail Norris-Turner, Elly Chemey, John Michael Beckham, Zara Khan and Reginald Chunda

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:17

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  5. Research article

    Effective implementation of the UNCRPD by Thailand State Party: challenges and potential remedies

    The Thai government ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) in 2008, and the first progress report by the State Party was issued in 2012. This study assesses ...

    Donruedee Srisuppaphon, Arnon Sriboonroj, Wachara Riewpaiboon and Viroj Tangcharoensathien

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:15

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  6. Research article

    Perceptions of adolescents’ sexual and reproductive health and rights: a cross-sectional study in Lahore District, Pakistan

    Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is a significant aspect of adolescents’ growth, safeguarded by SRH rights (SRHR). Despite various global efforts to promote adolescents SRHR (ASRHR), the majority of adoles...

    Sarosh Iqbal, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar and Florian Fischer

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:5

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  7. Research article

    Methods to increase reporting of childhood sexual abuse in surveys: the sensitivity and specificity of face-to-face interviews versus a sealed envelope method in Ugandan primary school children

    Underreporting of childhood sexual abuse is a major barrier to obtaining reliable prevalence estimates. We tested the sensitivity and specificity of the face-to-face-interview (FTFI) method by comparing the nu...

    Anna Louise Barr, Louise Knight, Ivan Franҫa-Junior, Elizabeth Allen, Dipak Naker and Karen M. Devries

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:4

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  8. Research article

    Fine and Gray competing risk regression model to study the cause-specific under-five child mortality in Bangladesh

    The cause-specific under-five mortality of Bangladesh has been studied by fitting cumulative incidence function (CIF) based Fine and Gray competing risk regression model (1999). For the purpose of analysis, Ba...

    Khandoker Akib Mohammad, Most. Fatima-Tuz-Zahura and Wasimul Bari

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:3

    Published on: 28 January 2017

  9. Debate

    Why the Convention on the Rights of the Child must become a guiding framework for the realization of the rights of children affected by tuberculosis

    Until recently, paediatric tuberculosis (TB) has been relatively neglected by the broader TB and the maternal and child health communities. Human rights-based approaches to children affected by TB could be pow...

    Robindra Basu Roy, Nicola Brandt, Nicolette Moodie, Mitra Motlagh, Kumanan Rasanathan, James A. Seddon, Anne K. Detjen and Beate Kampmann

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:32

    Published on: 8 December 2016

  10. Research article

    Knowledge and exercise of human rights, and barriers and facilitators to claiming rights: a cross-sectional study of female sex workers and high-risk men who have sex with men in Andhra Pradesh, India

    HIV prevention interventions recognize the need to protect the rights of key populations and support them to claim their rights as a vulnerability reduction strategy. This study explores knowledge of human rig...

    Deepika Ganju, Sangram Kishor Patel, Parimi Prabhakar and Rajatashurva Adhikary

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:29

    Published on: 17 November 2016

  11. Research article

    Condoms and sexual health education as evidence: impact of criminalization of in-call venues and managers on migrant sex workers access to HIV/STI prevention in a Canadian setting

    Despite a large body of evidence globally demonstrating that the criminalization of sex workers increases HIV/STI risks, we know far less about the impact of criminalization and policing of managers and in-cal...

    S. Anderson, K. Shannon, J. Li, Y. Lee, J. Chettiar, S. Goldenberg and A. Krüsi

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:30

    Published on: 17 November 2016

  12. Research article

    The impact of a microsavings intervention on reducing violence against women engaged in sex work: a randomized controlled study

    Women who engage in sex work are at risk for experiencing violence from numerous perpetrators, including paying partners. Empirical evidence has shown mixed results regarding the impact of participation in mic...

    Laura Cordisco Tsai, Catherine E. Carlson, Toivgoo Aira, Andrea Norcini Pala, Marion Riedel and Susan S. Witte

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:27

    Published on: 28 October 2016

  13. Research article

    Early child health in an informal settlement in the Peruvian Amazon

    Informal settlements are common throughout the developing world. In Peru, land occupations, commonly “invasions” in Spanish, are a means by which the extremely poor attempt to obtain access to land. Here, we e...

    Gwenyth O. Lee, Maribel Paredes Olortegui, Gabriela Salmón-Mulanovich, Pablo Peñataro Yori and Margaret Kosek

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:26

    Published on: 12 October 2016

  14. Research article

    Diabetes self-management among Arab Americans: patient and provider perspectives

    Arab Americans have a high burden of diabetes and poor outcomes compared to the general U.S. population. Diabetes self-management (DSM) requires a partnership between patients and providers that fosters mutual...

    Heather Fritz, Rosanne DiZazzo-Miller, Elizabeth A. Bertran, Fredrick D. Pociask, Sandra Tarakji, Judith Arnetz, Catherine L. Lysack and Linda A. Jaber

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:22

    Published on: 31 August 2016

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:24

  15. Research article

    “It’s for us –newcomers, LGBTQ persons, and HIV-positive persons. You feel free to be”: a qualitative study exploring social support group participation among African and Caribbean lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender newcomers and refugees in Toronto, Canada

    Stigma and discrimination harm the wellbeing of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people and contribute to migration from contexts of sexual persecution and criminalization. Yet LGBT newcomers and ...

    Carmen H. Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Nakia Lee-Foon, Shannon Ryan and Hope Ramsay

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:18

    Published on: 2 July 2016

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