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Health and human rights of marginalized populations

This section considers studies regarding the health and human rights of members of marginalized populations, including sexual and gender minorities, children, migrants, ethnic minorities, refugees, displaced people, commercial sex workers, injection drug users, and other marginalized populations.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Empirically assessing the needs of refugees in camps is critical to the improvement of existing policies and programs that aim at enhancing their well-being. By neglecting the needs of refugees, interventions ...

    Authors: Idrissa Beogo, Amadou Darboe, A. Oluwafunmilade Adesanya and Bomar Mendez Rojas

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:38

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Approximately 18% of Sub-Saharan Africa’s urban population relies on shared sanitation facilities, which are shared by one or more households. While there is growing recognition of sanitation’s relationship wi...

    Authors: Tess Shiras, Oliver Cumming, Joe Brown, Bacelar Muneme, Rassul Nala and Robert Dreibelbis

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:30

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  3. Content type: Research article

    War-related injury is a major public health concern, and a leading cause of mortality, morbidity, and disability globally, particularly in low and middle-income countries such as Palestine. Little is known abo...

    Authors: Marwan Mosleh, Koustuv Dalal, Yousef Aljeesh and Leif Svanström

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:28

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:32

  4. Content type: Technical advance

    Equitable access to health services is a key ingredient in reaching health for persons with disabilities and other vulnerable groups. So far, research on access to health services in low- and middle-income cou...

    Authors: Arne H. Eide, Karin Dyrstad, Alister Munthali, Gert Van Rooy, Stine H. Braathen, Thomas Halvorsen, Frans Persendt, Peter Mvula and Jan Ketil Rød

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:26

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The birth of a child is a vital event that needs to be registered but this is not always the case as an estimated 40 million births go unregistered annually. Birth registration safeguards the basic rights of c...

    Authors: Fidelia A. A. Dake and Kamil Fuseini

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:25

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In developing countries like Uganda, the human right to adequate food (RtAF) is inextricably linked to access to land for households to feed themselves directly through production or means for its procurement....

    Authors: Aziiza Nahalomo, Per Ole Iversen, Peter Milton Rukundo, Archileo Kaaya, Joyce Kikafunda, Wenche Barth Eide, Maritha Marais, Edward Wamala and Margaret Kabahenda

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:21

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Over the past two decades, employment in the informal sector has grown rapidly in all regions including low and middle-income countries. In the developing countries, between 50 and 75% of workers are employed ...

    Authors: James Akazili, Samuel Chatio, John Ele-Ojo Ataguba, Isaiah Agorinya, Edmund Wedam Kanmiki, Osman Sankoh and Abraham Oduro

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:20

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Street-connected young people carry a disproportionate burden of morbidities, and engage in a variety of practices that may heighten their risk of premature mortality, yet there are currently no reports in the...

    Authors: Lonnie Embleton, David Ayuku, Dominic Makori, Allan Kamanda and Paula Braitstein

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:19

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The last decade has seen improved public awareness of disability in sub-Saharan Africa. However, negative and stereotypical views of disability still persist in many communities. We conducted a study to promot...

    Authors: Joseph K. Gona, Charles R. Newton, Sally Hartley and Karen Bunning

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:18

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The majority of Ugandan children face vulnerability and malnutrition. As a State Party to international human rights treaties, Uganda has legal obligations of guaranteeing the fundamental rights and the best i...

    Authors: Monica Olafsen, Archangel Byaruhanga Rukooko, Per Ole Iversen and Bård A. Andreassen

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:17

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) remains a silent epidemic in many humanitarian settings with many survivors concealing their experiences. Attitudes towards help-seeking for SGBV is an important determi...

    Authors: George Odwe, Chi-Chi Undie and Francis Obare

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:15

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  12. Content type: Research article

    This study explored how employed caregivers experience the interface between child care, parental control and child rights in the context of Children’s Homes in Ghana. The focus was on investigating caregiver ...

    Authors: Ernest Darkwah, Marguerite Daniel and Joana Salifu Yendork

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:13

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Madre de Dios, a southern state in the Peruvian Amazon basin, has experienced rapid development as well as an influx of migrants since the construction of the Interoceanic Highway (IOH) connecting Brazil, Boli...

    Authors: Kelly E Jensen, Nehal N. Naik, Christina O’Neal, Gabriela Salmón-Mulanovich, Amy R. Riley-Powell, Gwenyth O. Lee, Stella M. Hartinger, Daniel G. Bausch and Valerie A. Paz-Soldan

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:12

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Migrant women are over-represented in the sex industry, and migrant sex workers experience disproportionate health inequities, including those related to health access, HIV and sexually transmitted infections ...

    Authors: Shira M. Goldenberg, Teresita Rocha Jiménez, Kimberly C. Brouwer, Sonia Morales Miranda and Jay G. Silverman

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:9

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Nepal is a key supplier of labour for countries in the Middle East, India and Malaysia. As many more men than women leave Nepal to work abroad, female migrant workers are a minority and very much under-researc...

    Authors: Padam Simkhada, Edwin van Teijlingen, Manju Gurung and Sharada P. Wasti

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:4

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Slum dwellers display specific traits when it comes to disclosing their illnesses to professionals. The resulting actions lead to poor health-seeking behaviour and underutilisation of existing formal health fa...

    Authors: Moumita Das, Federica Angeli, Anja J. S. M. Krumeich and Onno C. P. van Schayck

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:3

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  17. Content type: Debate

    Albinism is an inherited condition with a relatively high prevalence in populations throughout sub-Saharan Africa. People with oculocutaneous albinism have little or no pigment in their hair, skin and eyes; th...

    Authors: Anita Franklin, Patricia Lund, Caroline Bradbury-Jones and Julie Taylor

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2018 18:2

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Globally, one of the key groups considered to be at high risk of acquiring HIV are transgender women, often a marginalised group. In the Malaysian context there has been a scarcity of published research relati...

    Authors: Sima Barmania and Syed Mohamed Aljunid

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:30

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Traditional media and the internet are crucial sources of health information. Media can significantly shape public opinion, knowledge and understanding of emerging and endemic health threats. As digital commun...

    Authors: Jessica S. Schwind, Stephanie A. Norman, Dibesh Karmacharya, David J. Wolking, Sameer M. Dixit, Rajesh M. Rajbhandari, Sumiko R. Mekaru and John S. Brownstein

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:26

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Internal labour migration is an important and necessary livelihood strategy for millions of individuals and households in India. However, the precarious position of migrant workers within Indian society may ha...

    Authors: Warren Dodd, Sally Humphries, Kirit Patel, Shannon Majowicz, Matthew Little and Cate Dewey

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:23

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The United Nations has called for countries to improve access to mobility devices when needed. The World Health Organization has published guidelines on the provision of manual wheelchairs in less-resourced se...

    Authors: Emma Williams, Elizabeth Hurwitz, Immaculate Obaga, Brenda Onguti, Adovich Rivera, Tyrone Reden L. Sy, R. Lee Kirby, Jamie Noon, Deepti Tanuku, Anthony Gichangi and Eva Bazant

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:22

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury caused by prolonged obstructed labor that results in destruction of the tissue wall between the vagina and bladder. Although obstetric fistula is directly caused by pro...

    Authors: Julika Ayla Kaplan, Jonathan Kandodo, Joseph Sclafani, Susan Raine, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Alison Norris, Abigail Norris-Turner, Elly Chemey, John Michael Beckham, Zara Khan and Reginald Chunda

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:17

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Sexual orientation and gender identity are social determinants of health for people identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT), and health disparities among sexual and gender minority populat...

    Authors: Alex Müller

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:16

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The Thai government ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) in 2008, and the first progress report by the State Party was issued in 2012. This study assesses ...

    Authors: Donruedee Srisuppaphon, Arnon Sriboonroj, Wachara Riewpaiboon and Viroj Tangcharoensathien

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:15

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  25. Content type: Debate

    Based on an analysis of published literature, this paper provides an over-view of the challenges associated with delivering on the right to access quality health care for international migrants to industrializ...

    Authors: Bilkis Vissandjée, Wendy E. Short and Karine Bates

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:10

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Wars and violent domestic conflicts have forced millions of people to move outside their homes. Meeting the basic health needs of those people requires an understanding of research activity and research output...

    Authors: Waleed M. Sweileh

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:7

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is a significant aspect of adolescents’ growth, safeguarded by SRH rights (SRHR). Despite various global efforts to promote adolescents SRHR (ASRHR), the majority of adoles...

    Authors: Sarosh Iqbal, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:5

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Underreporting of childhood sexual abuse is a major barrier to obtaining reliable prevalence estimates. We tested the sensitivity and specificity of the face-to-face-interview (FTFI) method by comparing the nu...

    Authors: Anna Louise Barr, Louise Knight, Ivan Franҫa-Junior, Elizabeth Allen, Dipak Naker and Karen M. Devries

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:4

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The cause-specific under-five mortality of Bangladesh has been studied by fitting cumulative incidence function (CIF) based Fine and Gray competing risk regression model (1999). For the purpose of analysis, Ba...

    Authors: Khandoker Akib Mohammad, Most. Fatima-Tuz-Zahura and Wasimul Bari

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:3

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Young street hawkers in Burkina Faso are increasingly exposed to workplace hazards such as physical and sexual abuse, and also unsafe sexual practices. The objectives of this study were to identify the socio-d...

    Authors: Saide Yacine Y.A. Ouédraogo, Ebrima J. Sisawo and Song-Lih Huang

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2017 17:1

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  31. Content type: Debate

    Until recently, paediatric tuberculosis (TB) has been relatively neglected by the broader TB and the maternal and child health communities. Human rights-based approaches to children affected by TB could be pow...

    Authors: Robindra Basu Roy, Nicola Brandt, Nicolette Moodie, Mitra Motlagh, Kumanan Rasanathan, James A. Seddon, Anne K. Detjen and Beate Kampmann

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:32

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  32. Content type: Research article

    HIV prevention interventions recognize the need to protect the rights of key populations and support them to claim their rights as a vulnerability reduction strategy. This study explores knowledge of human rig...

    Authors: Deepika Ganju, Sangram Kishor Patel, Parimi Prabhakar and Rajatashurva Adhikary

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:29

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Despite a large body of evidence globally demonstrating that the criminalization of sex workers increases HIV/STI risks, we know far less about the impact of criminalization and policing of managers and in-cal...

    Authors: S. Anderson, K. Shannon, J. Li, Y. Lee, J. Chettiar, S. Goldenberg and A. Krüsi

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:30

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Women who engage in sex work are at risk for experiencing violence from numerous perpetrators, including paying partners. Empirical evidence has shown mixed results regarding the impact of participation in mic...

    Authors: Laura Cordisco Tsai, Catherine E. Carlson, Toivgoo Aira, Andrea Norcini Pala, Marion Riedel and Susan S. Witte

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:27

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Informal settlements are common throughout the developing world. In Peru, land occupations, commonly “invasions” in Spanish, are a means by which the extremely poor attempt to obtain access to land. Here, we e...

    Authors: Gwenyth O. Lee, Maribel Paredes Olortegui, Gabriela Salmón-Mulanovich, Pablo Peñataro Yori and Margaret Kosek

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:26

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Arab Americans have a high burden of diabetes and poor outcomes compared to the general U.S. population. Diabetes self-management (DSM) requires a partnership between patients and providers that fosters mutual...

    Authors: Heather Fritz, Rosanne DiZazzo-Miller, Elizabeth A. Bertran, Fredrick D. Pociask, Sandra Tarakji, Judith Arnetz, Catherine L. Lysack and Linda A. Jaber

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:22

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:24

  37. Content type: Research article

    Stigma and discrimination harm the wellbeing of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people and contribute to migration from contexts of sexual persecution and criminalization. Yet LGBT newcomers and ...

    Authors: Carmen H. Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Nakia Lee-Foon, Shannon Ryan and Hope Ramsay

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:18

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Although health is a right of all individuals without any distinction, the realisation of this right has remained very difficult for the marginalised populations of poor countries. Inequitable distribution of ...

    Authors: John Barugahare and Reidar K. Lie

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:15

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Achieving development outcomes requires the inclusion of marginalised populations that have the least opportunity to participate in and benefit from development. Slum dwellers often see little of the ‘urban ad...

    Authors: Martha Morrow, Greg Armstrong, Prarthna Dayal and Michelle Kermode

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:14

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Equitable access to health care is a challenge in many low-income countries. The most vulnerable segments of any population face increased challenges, as their vulnerability amplifies problems of the general p...

    Authors: Stine Hellum Braathen, Lifah Sanudi, Leslie Swartz, Thomas Jürgens, Hastings T Banda and Arne Henning Eide

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:12

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  41. Content type: Debate

    The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights states that the right to health is closely related to, and dependent upon, the realization of other human rights, including the right to food, water, educa...

    Authors: Bernadette Ann-Marie O’Hare, Delan Devakumar and Stephen Allen

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:11

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  42. Content type: Research article

    More than 14 % of Ugandan children are orphaned and many live in children’s homes. Ugandan authorities have targeted adolescent girls as a priority group for nutrition interventions as safeguarding nutritional...

    Authors: Line Erikstad Vogt, Byaruhanga Rukooko, Per Ole Iversen and Wenche Barth Eide

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:10

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Pre- and post-migration trauma due to forced migration may impact negatively on parents’ ability to care for their children. Little qualitative work has examined Somali-born refugees’ experiences. The aim of t...

    Authors: Fatumo Osman, Marie Klingberg-Allvin, Renée Flacking and Ulla-Karin Schön

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:7

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Relatively little research on the issue of child marriage has been conducted in European countries where the overall prevalence of child marriage is relatively low, but relatively high among marginalized ethni...

    Authors: David R. Hotchkiss, Deepali Godha, Anastasia J. Gage and Claudia Cappa

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:6

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Conflict and post-conflict communities in sub-Saharan Africa have a high under recognised problem of intimate partner violence (IPV). Part of the reason for this has been the limited data on IPV from conflict ...

    Authors: Eugene Kinyanda, Helen A Weiss, Margaret Mungherera, Patrick Onyango-Mangen, Emmanuel Ngabirano, Rehema Kajungu, Johnson Kagugube, Wilson Muhwezi, Julius Muron and Vikram Patel

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:5

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  46. Content type: Debate

    Early childhood development (ECD) is a critical period that continues to impact human health and productivity throughout the lifetime. Failing to provide policies and programs that support optimal developmenta...

    Authors: Agnes Binagwaho, Kirstin W. Scott and Sardis H. Harward

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2016 16:1

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Health is intertwined with human rights as is clearly reflected in the right to life. Promotion of health practices in the context of human rights can be accomplished if there is a better understanding of the ...

    Authors: Ronald Wesonga, Abraham Owino, Agnes Ssekiboobo, Leonard Atuhaire and Peter Jehopio

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2015 15:11

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Despite the instruments on the right to adequate food adopted by the United Nations, there exists limited information on how this right is perceived. Following a major 2010 landslide disaster in the Bududa dis...

    Authors: Peter M Rukundo, Per O Iversen, Bård A Andreassen, Arne Oshaug, Joyce Kikafunda and Byaruhanga Rukooko

    Citation: BMC International Health and Human Rights 2015 15:9

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